Showing posts with label Adhikara. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Adhikara. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is A Mudra (Intoxicants)?

 

Mudra is fermented or parched grain .

Fermented grain is the fourth of the "Five Forbidden Things" (panchamakara) in the secret ritual-based religious practice known as tantra.

In "left hand" (vamachara) tantric ritual, they are used in their actual forms, whereas in "right hand" (dakshinachara) tantric ritual, they are represented by symbolic substitutes.

Although fermented grain has toxicating properties, it is also said to be an aphrodisiac.

The use of intoxicants and/or sexual license is fiercely condemned in "respectable" Hindu culture.

As a result, the tantric usage of this chemical must be seen in context.

The ultimate oneness of everything that exists is one of the most widespread tantric conceptions.

To proclaim that the whole cosmos is one principle from a tantric viewpoint implies that the adept must reject all dualistic conceptions.

The "Five Forbidden Things" serve as a ritual for dismantling dualism.

In this ritual, the adept defies society norms by consuming intoxicants, eating nonvegetarian cuisine, and engaging in unlawful sexual activity in an attempt to sacralize what is generally banned.

Tantric adepts point to the ceremonial usage of banned objects as evidence that their practice entails a higher level of exclusivity (adhikara) and is therefore superior to ordinary practice.

See Arthur Avalon's (Sir John Woodroffe's) Shakti and Shakta, 1978; Swami Agehananda Bharati's The Tantric Tradition, 1977; and Douglas Renfrew Brooks' The Secret of the Three Cities, 1990, for further details.


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Hinduism - What Is A Mantra?

 


Sacred sound in the most fundamental sense.

A mantra is a collection of phonemes that may or may not have grammatical meaning as real words, since its significance stems from the sounds themselves rather than the meaning of the utterances.

Those who have been granted the qualification (adhikara) to employ mantras are said to gain strength and other spiritual abilities.

The qualification comes from being handed the mantra by one's instructor, which is said to impart not just the mantra's tones but also its potency.

This live transmission is seen to be an important aspect of "possessing" the mantra; as a result, mantras learnt in other settings are thought to be ineffectual.

The Vedas, the earliest Hindu religious books, first mention mantra as a holy sound.

The Gayatri mantra is a passage from the Rig Veda and is one of the most popular mantras (3.62.10).

Tantra is a hidden ritual-based religious discipline that emphasizes the use of mantras.

See Arthur Avalon's (Sir John Woodroffe's) Shakti and Shakta, 1978; Swami Agehananda Bharati's The Tantric Tradition, 1977; and Douglas Renfrew Brooks' The Secret of the Three Cities, 1990 for further information.


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Hinduism - What Is Maithuna?


 (“copulation”) Sexual intercourse is the fifth and final of the Five Forbidden Things (panchamakara) in the secret ritual-based religious practice known as tantra; the panchamakara are used in their actual forms in "left hand" (vamachara) tantric ritual, whereas they are represented by symbolic substitutes in "right hand" (dak shinachara) tantric ritual.

Ritualized sexual intercourse is described in Hindu tantra as a symbol of the ultimate union of the deity Shiva and his wife Shakti in many religions.

The greater tantric context must be considered when looking at ritual sexuality.

The ultimate oneness of everything that exists is one of the most widespread tantric conceptions.

To proclaim that the whole cosmos is one principle from a tantric viewpoint implies that the adept must reject all dualistic conceptions.

The "Five Banned Things" give a ceremony for breaking down dualism; in this ritual, the adept defies society conventions prohibiting intoxication, nonvegetarian cuisine, and illegal intercourse in an attempt to sacralize what is generally forbidden.

Tantric adepts point to the ceremonial usage of banned objects as evidence that their practice entails a higher level of exclusivity (adhikara), and hence is superior to ordinary practice.

In certain versions of this rite, the lady is the initiate's wife, who is revered as a manifestation of the Goddess before intercourse.

In other circumstances, this ceremonial intercourse is misconstrued as adulterous, generally with a low-status lady, in order to emphasize the social boundaries that have been crossed.

This latter technique is now uncommon, at least in southern India, according to Brooks, where it is "almost unknown." 

See Arthur Avalon's (Sir John Woodroffe's) Shakti and Shakta, 1978; Swami Agehananda Bharati's The Tantric Tradition, 1972; and Douglas Renfrew Brooks' The Secret of the Three Cities, 1990 for further details.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.




Hinduism - What Is Madya? Why Is It Considered Ritually Impure? Who Is Allowed Madya?

 

 (“wine”) Wine is the first of the Five Forbidden Things in tantra, a secret ritual-based religious practice (panchamakara).

Because "respectable" Hindu culture forbids the intake of alcoholic drinks, its ceremonial usage in tantra must be understood in the context of tantra as a whole.

The ultimate oneness of everything that exists is one of the most fundamental tantric principles.

To proclaim that the whole cosmos is one principle from a tantric viewpoint implies that the adept must reject all dualistic conceptions.

One method to achieve this is to consume the "Five Banned Things," purposefully breaching cultural conventions prohibiting the intake of intoxicants, non-vegetarian cuisine, and illegal intercourse, and thereby making holy what is generally forbidden.

Tantric adepts point to the ceremonial usage of banned objects as evidence that their practice entails a higher level of exclusivity (adhikara) and is therefore superior to ordinary practice.

The intoxication generated by wine in its ceremonial use—which is normally in very tiny quantities—is an approximation of the ecstasy of enlightenment.

See Arthur Avalon's (Sir John Woodroffe's) Shakti and Shakta, 1978; Swami Agehananda Bharati's The Tantric Tradition, 1977; and Douglas Renfrew Brooks' The Secret of the Three Cities, 1990 for further details.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism And Hindu Theology - What Is Adhikara?

Adhikara is a Sanskrit word that means "qualifying." Adhikara implies that one possesses the religious credentials to conduct specific ceremonial acts in any type of Hindu devotion, but especially in tantra. 


  • This partially relates to understanding how to carry out the rite and therefore being "qualified" in that sense. 
  • It also refers to having attained the ritual status that allows one to conduct the ritual. 
  • This position is typically granted via a formal initiation or initiations by one's instructor, who determines what kind of adhikara to transmit and how much adhikara to transfer depending on the student's skills, temperament, and willingness to learn.


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