Showing posts with label Appar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Appar. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Sundaramurtti Among The Nayanars?

 

 

 (8th century) The last of the Nayanars, a group of sixty-three poet-saints from southern India who were Shiva worshippers (bhakta).

The Nayanars, along with their contemporaries the Alvars, who were Vishnu worshipers, drove the revival of Hindu religion by their fervent devotion (bhakti) to a personal deity, which they expressed through songs sung in Tamil.

Sundaramurtti, like his forefathers Appar and Sambandar, actively opposed the heterodox sects of the time, particularly the Jains, whom he despises in his poems.

The Devaram, the most sacred of the Tamil Shaivite texts, is composed of the hymns of the three most important Nayanars—Appar, Sambandar, and Sundaramurtti.

Sundaramurtti's inventory of the sixty-three Nayanars is significant since it is the earliest written source for Tamil Shaivite hagiography.


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Hinduism - Who Was Mahendravarman?

 


 (r. 600–630) During the Pallava dynasty, when southern India was a bastion of Tamil culture, he was the ruler.

Mahendravarman was born a Jain, but under the influence of the poet-saint Appar, he became a devotee (bhakta) of the deity Shiva.

Mahendravarman was a learned man who supported the arts and was the creator of the famous drama Mattvavilasa ("Sport of Drunkards") in southern India.

During his reign, the rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram were constructed.

He clashed with the neighboring monarchs, particularly the Chalukya king Pulakeshin II, and was killed in a fight with Pulakeshin's army.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.