Showing posts with label Babri Masjid. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Babri Masjid. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Vishva Hindu Parishad?


 Vishva Hindu Parishad is a Hindu religious organization based in India.

(VHP) Modern Hindu religious group connected with the Rashtriya Svayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a conservative Hindu organization whose avowed mission is to produce the leadership cadre for a rejuvenated Hindu India.

When RSS leader Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar met with a group of Hindu religious leaders in Bombay in 1964, the VHP was created.

Their immediate concern was Pope Paul VI's planned visit to India, which they saw as a covert effort to convert Hindus to Christianity, which they intended to combat by founding an organization committed to Hinduism propagation.

With little fanfare and little influence on public perception, the VHP concentrated its concentration for the next fifteen years on opposing Christian missionary operations in northeastern India.

The conversion of some untouchables to Islam in the Tamil Nadu hamlet of Minakshipuram in 1982 was a watershed moment in the VHP's public image.

The VHP seized on this widely reported incident as proof that Hindu identity was in jeopardy, and responded by undertaking a series of inventive public activities, first in Tamil Nadu and then throughout the country.

The VHP's resurgence coincided with the RSS's shift toward activism, as well as the BJP's decision to adopt a more militantly Hindu character.

Many of the VHP's national campaigns coincided with national or state elections, and many of them were concentrated on the effort to erect a temple to the deity Rama in the city of Ayodhya, at the alleged birthplace of Rama.

The intended temple location was occupied by the Babri Masjid, a Muslim mosque erected after the ancient Rama temple was demolished, according to the VHP.

As a result, the temple campaign evoked strong memories of historical persecution as well as the boldness of a resurgent Hindu identity.

The VHP's political involvement has helped the BJP become the dominant political party in most of northern India.

Throughout India, the VHP's advocacy has evoked a wide range of feelings.

Proponents refer to the organization's long history of charitable work and its role in strengthening and defining modern Hindu identity.

Detractors object to the RSS's disdain for legal formalities, as was shown by the destruction of the Babri Masjid in December 1992, as well as its sometimes caustic anti-Muslim rhetoric and, despite its unique institutional identity, its ultimate control by the RSS.

Others have chastised the VHP for seeking to define and regulate the character of "Hinduism" by declaring some "necessary" Hindu practices as antithetical to Hindu heritage.

Other opponents reject the VHP's claim to speak for all Hindus, pointing out that its genuine authority resides in the hands of brahmins and other privileged castes; these critics perceive the VHP as an organization meant to hide its true objective, which is to maintain upper-class power and privilege.

For more information, see Walter K. Andersen and Shridhar D. Damle's The Brotherhood in Saffron (1987); James Warner Björkman's Fundamentalism, Revivalists, and Violence in South Asia (1988); Tapan Basu et alKhaki .'s Shorts and Saffron Flags (1993); Lise McKean's Divine Enterprise (1996); and Christophe Jaffrelot's The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India (1996).

Kiran Atma

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.


Hinduism - What Is The Babri Masjid?

The Babri Masjid (also known as "Babar's Mosque") was a mosque in Ayodhya , India. 

Mir Baqi, a commander of the Moghul emperor Babar (1483–1530), had the mosque erected on the outskirts of Ayodhya in 1528. 

  • The location has historically been a source of contention between Hindu and Muslim populations, with confrontations reported in 1855 and 1934, according to British records. 

Local legend claims that the mosque was erected over the Hindu god Rama's birthplace, and that it was only built after the Hindu temple there was demolished, but there is little factual evidence for this assertion. 

  • Several local Hindus secretly erected pictures of the infant Rama, his wife Sita, and his brother Lakshmana a few months after India won independence in 1947, spreading the story that the figures had magically emerged in a ball of light. 
  • The government had only just put a stop to the Hindu-Muslim killings that followed the partition of British India into India and Pakistan, and it didn't want to rekindle religious fervor. 
  • Its response was to barricade the compound's gates and refer the matter to the courts, where it sat for almost four decades. 

The site was once again the subject of debate in the early 1980s, when the Hindu religious group Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) called for its "freedom" and said that the current building was an insult to all Hindus. 

  • The mosque was presented as a symbol of Muslim iconoclasm in this ad. 
  • Furthermore, it portrayed the government's attempts to preserve the mosque as a ploy to placate the Muslim population in order to keep their votes. 
  • The VHP's campaign to free the monument was helped in 1986 by the national government, led by Rajiv Gandhi, who opened the compound's gates so that Hindus may pray on the site in a clear bid to gain Hindu support. 
  • As the decade passed, the demand became stronger, culminating in a series of efforts to commence construction on the site of a Hindu temple. 
  • Many of these efforts coincided with national elections, and the resulting passion aided the Bharatiya Janata Party, a political party with strong connections to the VHP, in winning elections. 

The mosque was eventually destroyed on December 6, 1992. 

  • The whole operation was well organized; the demolition crews were well-trained, and the first thing they did was destroy all of the television cameras on the premises to prevent any outside media coverage. 
  • It was done with the approval of the state administration, who made little effort to preserve the structure. 
  • The destruction was followed by riots, especially in Maharashtra, which resulted in the deaths of nearly three thousand persons, the majority of them were Muslims. 
  • The site of the Babri Masjid remained a source of controversy even after it was demolished. 

Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao pledged to reconstruct the mosque on the same site immediately after it was demolished, but he failed to do so during his term in power. 

Various Hindu organizations, including traditional religious authorities such as the Shankaracharyas, have called for the Ram Janam Bhumi temple to be built on the site. 

  • The administration, expecting nothing but difficulty, had referred the case back to the courts for settlement. 
  • The judicial process has as of now culminated in a verdict and settlement allowing the reconstruction of a Hindu Ram temple, and a relocation was negotiated for a Mosque for Muslims to also pray and worship as well. 

Sarvepalli Gopal's Anatomy of a Confrontation was published in 1991, and Christophe Jaffrelot's The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India was published in 1996.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.