Showing posts with label Bhagavata Purana. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bhagavata Purana. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Sursagar?

 

 

 ("Sur Ocean") Surdas, a northern Indian poet-saint, is credited with a corpus of poetry in the Braj Bhasha language known as the Sursagar.

The Sursagar is traditionally split into twelve sections to reflect the organization of the Bhagavata Purana, which is the most significant Sanskrit source for Krishna mythology.

Surdas was a Krishna devotee (bhakta), and this arrangement gives vernacular religious poetry the glitter of an official Sanskrit book.

The Sursagar is most usually connected with verses painting personal and adoring portraits of Krishna's boyhood, much as the Bhagavata Purana lavishly portrays Krishna's juvenile escapades.

Although Surdas' poetry is attributed to him in Sursagar publications, the most of it is undoubtedly pseudonymous.

Surdas's poetry has at best a few hundred verses in the earliest manuscripts, and the corpus nearly increases every century, reaching the five thousand poems in the current Sursagar.

The tone of the early poems is also markedly different in terms of topic content.

Although they feature Krishna's boyhood, the poet's sufferings of separation (viraha) from Krishna or complaint (vinaya) about his spiritual woes are expressed in a significantly bigger percentage.

Even the oldest manuscripts indicate no common body of poetry, and it is probable that the "Surdas" literary tradition was derived from the songs of roaming singers from the beginning, a description that fits well with the poet's persona.

For further detail, read John Stratton Hawley's Krishna: The Butter Thief (1983) and Surdas: Poet, Singer, Saint (1984); also check John Stratton Hawley and Mark Juergensmeyer's Songs of the Saints of India (1988).


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Hinduism - What Is Harivamsha In Hindu Mythology?



 ("Hari's lineage") A work that has long been regarded an appendix to the Mahabharata, the second of the two major Hindu epics.

The Harivamsha is one of the most significant puranas, which detail Hindu deity mythology as well as many other aspects of Hindu life.

The Harivamsha is dedicated to the mythology of the deity Krishna in particular (also known as Hari).

It is particularly significant for the traditional stories of Krishna's boyhood in the Braj area, for which it is the earliest known source.

The Bhagavata Purana, a subsequent book that is regarded the most prominent source for the Krishna faith, expands on the events detailed in the Harivamsha.


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Hinduism - What Is The Bhagavata Purana?

 




The Bhagavata Purana is a Hindu scripture. 


The most essential book for the worship of the deity Krishna as the one Supreme Being is a sectarian religious text. 


  • Internal evidence suggests it was composed in southern India in the ninth or tenth centuries, putting it well behind the other puranas. 
  • The majority of the book concentrates on Krishna's upbringing, childhood, and adolescence in the hamlet of Brindavan, although it pays little attention to his subsequent adventures as a king and hero. 




The tenth book of the purana is most known for depicting Krishna's amorous adventures with the local herd ladies (gopis) as they spend the evenings in a circle dance (ras lila) on the Yamuna River's banks. 


  • Krishna is shown as a deity who is always interacting with the world throughout the book. 
  • The ultimate felicity for Krishna's followers (bhakta) is the chance to participate in that heavenly pastime (lila).


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