Showing posts with label Bharata. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bharata. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who IS Rishyashringa In Hindu Mythology?

 


Rishyashringa  is a sage from the Ramayana, the first of India's two major epics.

Rishyashringa is tasked by King Dasharatha to make a significant sacrifice in order for the king's women to conceive.

A radiant figure comes from the sacrificial fire at the conclusion of Rishyashringa's sacrifice, lays a pot of milk-rice in front of Dasharatha, and tells him to give it to his wives.

Dasharatha distributes the contents amongst his three wives, Kausalya, Kaikeyi, and Sumitra, and they all have sons in due time.

Kausalya is Rama's daughter and the protagonist of the Ramayana.

Bharata's mother is Kaikeyi, while Lakshmana and Shatrughna's mother is Sumitra.


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Hinduism - Where Is Rishikesh In India?

 


Rishikesh  is a city and a holy location (tirtha) in Uttar Pradesh's Himalayan foothills.

Rishikesh is around fifteen miles up the Ganges River from Haridwar, India's holiest city.

Rishikesh, like many other places along the Ganges, is known mainly as a bathing (snana) destination, but it is also known as a haven for ascetics, notably at the ashrams in the region near Lakshman Jhula.

Rishikesh is also unique as a spiritual destination for having no specific charter myth.

According to legend, here is where the deity Rama kills numerous demons, allowing the sages to perform their offerings without interference.

According to another legend, here is where Rama does penance (prayashchitta) for slaying the demon-king Ravana.

In a third myth, Rishikesh is the location where a sage called Raibhya sees the divinity Vishnu.

Rama's brother Bharata is commemorated at Rishikesh's most renowned temple.


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Hinduism - Who Is Manthara In Hindu Mythology?

 

Manthara is the hunchbacked maid of King Dasharatha's wife, Kaikeyi, in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics.

Kaikeyi's mind is steadily poisoned by Manthara's whisperings against Dasharatha's son Rama, the god-king who is the epic's protagonist.

She persuades the queen that if she and her son Bharata are permitted to survive after Rama is crowned Dasharatha's heir, they would be no better than slaves.

Kaikeyi is persuaded by Manthara to claim two boons that Dasharatha granted her years ago.

With the first boon, she orders Rama to be exiled to the jungle for fourteen years, and with the second, she orders Rama's son Bharata to be anointed heir in his stead.

The earliest version of the epic, Valmiki's Ramayana, portrays Manthara as a true villain.

Although, given the concept in karma, her physical impairments would have been perceived as showing moral and spiritual deformities as well, there is little explanation for her behavior.

Manthara's actions is finally attributed to the gods in the Ramayana, authored by the poet-saint Tulsidas (1532–1623? ), who send the goddess Saraswati to muddle Manthara's mind, putting in motion the sequence of events leading to the demon Ravana's destruction.

Tulsidas, in typical Tulsidas manner, gives the incident a more altruistic spin, linking it to Rama's ultimate reason for being born on Earth.


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Hinduism - Who Is Lakshmana In Hindu Mythology?


Lakshmana is one of King Dasharatha's sons with his wife Sumitra, and the younger half-brother of Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Lakshmana is the ideal younger brother throughout the Ramayana, living only to serve and assist Rama.

When Rama is exiled to the forest for fourteen years, Lakshmana follows him like a shadow the whole time, first as a forest ascetic, looking for Rama's stolen wife Sita, then fighting heroically in the battle with Ravana's army, and ultimately returning to serve Rama at his court in Ayodhya.

Many of the Ramayana's characters are archetypes for Indian cultural beliefs.

As with his brother Bharata, Lakshmana represents the perfect younger brother.

Brothers are the center of the joint family in northern India.

Sisters, on the other hand, stay at home after marriage and live with their married families.

Every generation's oldest brother ultimately ascends to the position of joint family leader.

The oldest brother, who has main authority and responsibility for the whole family, cannot thrive without the participation of his younger brothers, who must respect and support his authority.

Lakshmana is a devoted younger brother in his devotion to Rama and his full disregard for his own wants.

Lakshmana is far from faultless, despite his courage, heroism, and complete devotion to Rama.

He lacks Rama's tolerance and discernment, and he acts before he thinks.

When Bharata pursues the two brothers after they have gone into exile, Lakshmana assumes that Bharata is taking advantage of the chance to murder them in order to smooth his path to the throne.

Lakshmana plots to assassinate Bharata, but Rama's logic prevents a disaster.

Shurpanakha, a demon princess and sister of Ravana, Lanka's demon-king, is Lakshmana's most grievous blunder in judgment.

When she makes sexual approaches toward Lakshmana, he mocks her before mutilating her.

Ravana kidnaps Rama's wife, Sita, in order to exact vengeance on the brothers.

Lakshmana, like all the characters in the Ramayana, is neither good nor bad; he has many qualities as well as some serious defects. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Kaikeyi In Hindu Mythology?

 

Kaikeyi is the second wife of King Dasharatha, the mother of Bharata, and the foster mother of Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Kaikeyi is personally responsible for one of the epic's most heinous acts: forcing Rama into a fourteen-year exile in the forest, which is a crucial story point.

Despite her horrible deeds, she is not seen as a nasty person, but rather as a mother who acts out of love for her son but is plagued by poor judgment and bad advise.

Kaikeyi is overjoyed when Dasharatha declares that he plans to appoint Rama as the successor to the kingdom.

Rama has always held Bharata in the same regard as his own mother, Kausalya, and has regarded him as an equal.

Kaikeyi's psyche was steadily poisoned by her maid, Manthara, as the ceremony day neared.

Manthara persuades Kaikeyi that, after Rama is crowned heir-apparent, she and Bharata would be treated as chattel, or things, if they are permitted to live at all.

Kaikeyi's fear for her son drives her to take desperate measures.

Dasharatha had given Kaikeyi two boons, or gifts, for her assistance in winning a major battle many years previously.

She has never repaid these boons, but now asks that Dasharatha banish Rama to the wilderness for fourteen years and replace him with Bharata as king.

Dasharatha tries to persuade Kaikeyi to reconsider her decision, but she refuses.

Finally, he is obliged to give her desire.

Not only does Kaikeyi's request bring her shame from her husband, who blames her for separating him from Rama, but it also brings her shame from her kid.

Bharata chastises Kaikeyi for depriving Rama of something that is properly his, and he refuses to reign until Rama orders him to serve in his place during the exile.

Rama, who is depicted in the epic as serenely glad to accept his parents' orders, whatever they may be, is the only one who does not condemn her.


 


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Hinduism - What Is Jambudvipa In Hindu Cosmology?


 (“rose-apple”) The first and innermost of the seven concentric landmasses (dvipas) that make up the visible earth, according to legendary geography.

Mount Meru, the center of the cosmos, is located in the heart of Jambudvipa.

Mount Meru is surrounded by mountain ranges, and the territory known as Bharata, the old name for the Indian subcontinent, is located south of Mount Meru in Jambudvipa.

Also see Hindu Cosmology.

 


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Hinduism - Who Was Bharata(Mythology)?










Bharata is a mythological character from India (2). 



Bharata is the son of King Dasharatha by his wife Kaikeyi and the virtuous younger brother of the deity Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Hindu epics. 



  • Bharata's devotion to his family is put to the test on many occasions. 
  • The most severe occurs early in the epic, when Rama is exiled for fourteen years in the jungle due to Kaikeyi's betrayal, and Bharata is appointed king in his stead. 
  • Despite the apparent attractions of riches and power, Bharata refuses to take his brother's kingdom, blames his mother for her deception, and flees with Rama to live in exile. 
  • On the grounds that the people would suffer without a ruler, Rama orders Bharata to return to Ayodhya and govern during his absence. 
  • Bharata reluctantly agrees to serve as a temporary king, but with two symbolic changes: he moves the court from Ayodhya to Nandigrama as a symbol of Rama's exile, and he sits at the foot of the royal throne throughout his reign; a pair of Rama's sandals are placed upon the throne as a symbol of the rightful king. 

 



Many of the Ramayana's characters are archetypes for Indian cultural ideals, and Bharata represents the ideal younger brother. 


  • The brothers are the heart of the family in the traditional joint household since they reside at home their whole lives, while their sisters live with their husbands' families when they marry. 
  • After the elder members of the joint family have gone away, the oldest brother in each generation becomes the leader of the joint family. 
  • He is the family's main authority and duty, but he can't thrive without the help of his younger brothers, who must respect and support his rule. 
  • Bharata is a model younger brother because he refuses to usurp his older brother's legitimate leadership. 
  • He sets his personal wants and chances aside to preserve and promote the family's overall welfare.



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Hinduism - What Is Bharata?




 

Bharata is regarded a partial manifestation of the deity Vishnu in Hindu mythology. 








He is the son of King Dushyanta and the maiden Shakuntala. 




  • Dushyanta and Shakuntala marry in secret in a gandharva marriage that they both agree on. 
  • Dushyanta is forced to return to his city, leaving Shakuntala at home. 
  • Durvasas, the sage, curses her that her beloved would forget her while he is away. 
  • Bharata is born later, and Shakuntala sets off to find her lover. 
  • Before the curse is broken, she must go through numerous hardships. 




Because Shakuntala and Dushyanta wedded in secret, it takes time for Bharata to be recognized as Dushyanta's legitimate son and successor to the kingdom. 



  • Bharata rules for a long time when he eventually ascends the throne. 
  • Following his rule, the Indian subcontinent is known as Bharata.




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