Showing posts with label Brindavan. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Brindavan. Show all posts

Hinduism - Where Does The Yamuna River Flow In India?

 

Yamuna River is a river in India. The Yamuna River is a northern Indian river that originates in the Himalayas and flows west and south of the Ganges River before joining it at Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Along with the Ganges, Godavari, Saraswati, Narmada, Indus, and Cauvery, the Yamuna is regarded one of India's seven holy rivers.

The Yamuna runs through the Braj area south of Delhi, which is historically associated with Krishna's country, and his followers (bhakta) hold it in higher regard than the Ganges.

Places around the Braj area have great connotations with Krishna's life for his devotees, but Mathura and Brindavan are the most noteworthy.


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Hinduism - Who Was Raskhan?


 (late 16th c.) Saiyid Ibrahim was a poet-saint and Krishna follower (bhakta) who was born a Muslim, especially a Pathan (Afghan), and whose name may have been Saiyid Ibrahim.

Raskhan spent his early years in Delhi, when he was enamored by a lovely lad, according to leg end.

When the object of his emotions proved unattainable, he moved to Brindavan, the place where Krishna is claimed to have resided as a kid, and spent the remainder of his life using his devotion to Krishna to sublimate that desire.

The attraction of the cowherd ladies (gopis) to Krishna, ignited by Krishna's physical attractiveness and, notably, the mesmerizing sound of his flute, are the principal topics of his poetry.

Raskhan is a person who was born a Muslim but who utilized symbols and attitudes from Hindu culture in a real way.

The ras lila is the "circular dance" that Krishna and his followers (bhakta), the gopis, conduct on fall evenings on the Yamuna River, according to Krishna's legend.

Krishna provides a form of himself to each lady present in this dance, which is a symbol of divine contact, in order to persuade them that God is paying attention to her and her alone.


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Hinduism - Who Is Lord Krishna In The Hindu Pantheon? What Is The Krishna Lila?


Krishna's infancy mythology is centered on themes of forgetfulness and latent divinity.

Because they are ignorant of Krishna's actual identity, the people of Braj tolerate him with ease.

Krishna is known to favor natural interaction above all other forms of devotion.

Krishna is notorious as a child for his mischief, notably his habit of stealing butter from the gopis (milk maids), yet he is generally able to charm his way out of punishment when caught.

Putana, Keshi, and Trnavarta are among the demon assassins sent by his uncle Kamsa.

Throughout all of these exploits, his friends are awestruck, but they are unaware that they are in the presence of divinity.

Neither do his foster parents, for that matter.

When Yashoda looks into Krishna's mouth after he has eaten some dirt in one narrative, he sees the whole cosmos.

She forgets about the occurrence very instantly because to Krishna's power of illusion (maya).

Two heroic episodes—driving off the snake Kaliya and fighting the storm-god Indra by holding up Mt.

Govardhan—mark his youth, as does the growth of his identity as a lover.

He plays his flute Murali on the banks of the Yamuna River on beautiful fall evenings.

The village ladies flock to meet him when they hear its enticing call, and they spend the night in the ras lila, a circle dance.

Radha emerges as Krishna's particular companion and spouse, depicting the relationship between divinity and devotee using the imagery of lover and beloved, despite the fact that she is not mentioned in the oldest scriptures.

Krishna's mythology includes events from later in his life, such as his return to Mathura, the murder of Kamsa, assuming his rightful rulership, and marrying Rukmini and a slew of other wives.

The previous threads of his mythological identity—the Mahabharata's depictions of him as a king, hero, and crafty diplomat—can be linked in here to make it appear like the story of a single life.

The gopis, Krishna's female followers, and Uddhava, Krishna's companion sent back from Mathura, are depicted in some of the most moving devotional (bhakti) poetry.

Uddhava reassures them that Krishna is the ubiquitous indwelling God.

This abstract idea is a poor replacement for the charming guy the gopis are familiar with.

Their gaze is drawn to Braj's endearing kid, who never grows up, never gets old, and who welcomes his worshippers to join his universe.

Relationship and connection are important to Krishna devotion, both with the god and with one another.

Krishna's followers see themselves as joining Krishna's realm and spending the day performing the mundane tasks of a village cowhand, such as waking up, eating, putting the cows to pasture, and returning the cows home.

Some devotional guides provide comprehensive daily calendars that devotees may use to picture themselves visiting certain locations and doing specific activities at specific times—building a relationship with God through sharing the mundane aspects of daily life.

Another prevalent activity is community singing, which generally consists of collections of holy names known as kirtans, as a means of fostering ties and unity among devotees.

The concept of lila, or "play," is another characteristic of Krishna's character and devotion.

As David R. Kinsley points out, the demon assassins are sent by the child Krishna as a game, and they never constitute a real danger.

His interactions with the inhabitants of Braj are likewise a game.

He appears in their midst as the divine presence, but he keeps them fully unconscious of this, sometimes hinting at it by his miraculous works, but hesitant to jeopardize their natural connections with him by disclosing their status disparity.

Similarly, he is said to be active in the lives of his believers, constantly there but just teasingly hinting at his presence.

Finally, lila is the name of a series of plays performed in Brindavan during the monsoon season.

These ras lila shows are more than just theater; they integrate liturgy with drama.

Local brahmin lads portray Krishna and his companions.

The guys are said to have transformed into the personas they play when dressed up.

Worship is a component of the curriculum.

The actors, known as svarups ("own-forms"), assemble on stage to offer the audience darshan.

Darshan, the most prevalent religious act in current popular Hinduism, permits devotees to make direct eye contact with the image of a god, who is thought to be a conscious, perceiving entity.

The lila, or reenactment of a scene from Krishna's legend, is the program's second half.

By performing or witnessing these shows, the audience joins by virtue of its presence, bringing Krishna's lila into the present.

There are several works about Krishna due to his status as a Hindu divinity.

Milton Singer (ed. ), Krishna, 1966; David R. Kinsley, The Sword and the Flute, 1975; Barbara Stoller Miller, The Love Song of the Dark Lord, 1977; and John Stratton Hawley, Krishna: The Butter Thief, 1983 for further details.

Also see Vaishnavism. 


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Hinduism - Who Was Krishnadas?

 

(early 16th c.) Krishnadas is one of the ashtachap, a group of eight bhakti (devotional) poets from northern India.

The Pushti Marg, a religious society of devo followers (bhakta) of Krishna, utilized the writings of these eight poets for ritual reasons.

All eight are also identified as members of the community and companions of either the community's founder, Vallabhacharya, or his successor, Vitthalnath, in the Pushti Marg's sectarian literature.

Krishnadas is traditionally linked to Vallabhacharya.

Krishnadas is a little-known figure, however he is thought to have been born around 1497, according to legend.

Krishna's physical attractiveness is described in his poems as an object of aesthetic pleasure.

Within the Pushti Marg, he is recognized as a good administrator and a protector of the sect's interests against Chaitanya's supporters at Brindavan Krishna's boyhood home.

 

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Hinduism - What Is The Festival Of Janmashtami?


Festival commemorating the birth of Lord Krishna on the eighth day (ashtami) of the dark (waning) half of the lunar month Bhadrapada (August–September).

This festival, like other Krishna-related festivals, is celebrated mostly in the Braj area, where Krishna is said to have resided, but it is also commemorated throughout the nation.

Since Krishna is claimed to have been born at midnight, devotees (bhakta) typically remain up late into the night, and the celebrations are sometimes punctuated by singing, chanting, parades, and plays portraying episodes in Krishna's life.

The Krishna lilas are performed at the town of Brindavan, which is historically thought to have been Krishna's boyhood home, during the month of Janmashtami.

Krishna is the ninth son of Devaki and Vasudeva, according to legend.

He is born in a jail in the city of Mathura, where Devaki's brother, the cruel king Kamsa, is holding his parents.

Kamsa has imprisoned the two in order to avoid being slain by his sister Devaki's eighth son, according to a prophesy.

When Krishna is born, wonderful things happen: the jailers go into a deep slumber, the closed prison doors suddenly open, and Vasudeva is able to take the newborn out of the prison to the house of the couple who would become his foster parents, Nanda and Yashoda.

That night, Vasudeva arrives with Yashoda's new-born baby daughter, who is really the goddess Bhadrakali in disguise.

The following morning, Kamsa murders the kid by slamming her on a stone, but a terrifying form of the Goddess emerges from the corpse, taunting Kamsa by informing him that the person who would kill him has already fled. 


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Hinduism - Where Is Brindavan?

   






(“tulsi forest”) A small village in Uttar Pradesh's Mathura area, where the deity Krishna is said to have spent his boyhood. 



Although every location in Brindavan is connected with Krishna's life and has temples devoted to him, the Chir Ghat is especially significant since it is where Krishna took the gopis' garments when they were bathing (snana) in the Yamuna River. 


(The gopis were female cowherds who were Krishna's friends when he was younger.) 

The Gobind Deo Mandir, which was constructed in 1590 and features a vaulted roof, is an important architectural site. 

This temple is particularly noteworthy for its lack of external decoration, which may have been done to avoid offending the neighboring Moghuls. 




See John Stratton Hawley's 1981 book, At Play with Krishna, for an account of the holy life at Brindavan. 






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