Showing posts with label Chaitanya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Chaitanya. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Vatsalya?

 

Vatsalya ("calf-like") is a Sanskrit word that means to be or behave like a calf. 

Bhava Rupa Goswami, a devotee (bhakta) of the deity Krishna and a close lower of the Bengali saint Chaitanya, defined the fourth of the five ways of devotion to God most vividly.


Rupa utilized several forms of human connections as models for various views of the deity-devotee relationship.

From the serene (shanta) experience that comes from understanding one's entire identification with Brahman or Supreme Reality, to seeing God as one's master, friend, child, or lover, these five models demonstrated increasing emotional intensity.


Devotees who practice the Vatsalya method of devotion believe themselves to be God's parents, lavishing love and care on the god in the same way as a cow does for her calf.

This is an emotionally strong kind of interaction that lacks the sensual aspect that characterizes the fifth mode, madhurya bhava.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Kavikarnapura?

 


 (mid-16th century) Author of one version of the Chaitanya-Charitramrta ("Nectar of Chaitanya's Deeds"), a Bengali saint Chaitanya's life story.

The text of Kavikarnapura was composed in 1542, nine years after Chaitanya's death, and at a time when efforts to make Chaitanya a saint had already started.

Kavikarnapura clearly recognizes his debt to Murari Gupta's previous biography of Chaitanya.

He departs from the older text by depicting Chaitanya as a Krishna incarnation who has come to bestow grace on ordinary people.

The author does not claim that this is a "objective" biography, but rather a hagiography produced by a devout follower, as with other conventional narratives of Chaitanya's life (bhakta).

 


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Hinduism - Who Was Krishnadas Kaviraj?

 

Krishnadas Kaviraj is the author of the Chaitanya-Charitramrta ("Nectar of Chaitanya's Deeds"), a chronicle of the life of the Bengali poet-saint Chaitanya, published roughly ninety years after Chaitanya's death.

Krishnadas' manuscript is Chaitanya's most recent and comprehensive biography, focusing mostly on Chaitanya's latter life, particularly his journey to Brindavan, the northern Indian town where the divinity Krishna is said to have spent his boyhood.

The three Goswamis—Rupa, Sanatana, and Jiva—have a strong intellectual effect on this literature, and their views shaped Chaitanya's religious followers, the Gaudiya Vaishnavas.

This narrative, like the other classic accounts of Chaitanya's life, is a hagiography (an idealizing and idolizing image) produced by a devoted devotee, rather than a "objective" history (bhakta).

 

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Hinduism - Who Was Ishvara Puri?

 


Ishvara Puri is a Hindu devotee (c.1500). He was Lord Jai Shree Krishna's ecstatic devotee (bhakta), who is also known as the master of Bengali saint Chaitanya.

Ishvara Puri's origin is unknown, while his surname "Puri" suggests that he received official ascetic initiation in the Dashanami Sanyasis' Puri branch.

Chaitanya was fired with devotion to Krishna after meeting Ishvara Puri in the pilgrimage town of Gaya in 1508, and he began to perform the public ecstatic recitations of Krishna's name, which have become an established element in the religious life of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas, the community that claims him as its founder.

 


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