Showing posts with label Cholas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cholas. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Rajendra I Of The Chola Dynasty In India?

 

Rajendra I. (r. 1014–42) was a Hindu king who reigned from 1014 to 42.

The Chola dynasty achieved its pinnacle of strength during his leadership (and that of his father, Raja Raja), extended its dominance from the Tanjore area in Tamil Nadu, across southern India, and into Southeast Asia all the way to Malaysia.

Rajendra destroyed one of Bengal's monarchs in 1023, extending his kingdom all the way to the Ganges, but he was unable to maintain control over such a vast territory for long.

In order to keep control of commerce from China, he also conducted a campaign against the Shrivijaya Empire in modern-day Malaysia.

Rajendra, like his father, was a big supporter of temple construction and other public works of art, such as the huge temple at Ganga ikondacholapuran, which was erected to commemorate the victory that opened the route to the Ganges.


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Hinduism - Wh oWas Raja Raja Of The Chola Dynasty?

 

Raja Raja (r. 985–1014)   

The Chola dynasty achieved its pinnacle of dominance during his leadership (and that of his son Rajendra), extended its authority from the Tanjore area of Tamil Nadu to southern India and into Southeast Asia all the way to Malaysia.

The money that such authority provided to Raja Raja was used to create huge temples.

He is most known for the Brhadeshvar temple at Tanjore, which is devoted to Shiva, the "Great Lord."


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.




Hinduism - Who Were The Cholas?

 


Southern Indian dynasty whose original birthplace was the Tanjore region of Tamil Nadu (9th–13th centuries C. E.). 




The first Chola capital was at Tanjore itself, but under Rajendra I (r. 1014–1042 C.E.) it was transferred to Gangaikondacholapuran. 


Tanjore is located in the Cauvery River delta and is known for its rice-growing potential. 

The Chola kings built their kingdom on the basis of their agricultural might. 




The Cholas were formerly vassals of the Pallava dynasty, but by the late ninth century, they had gained independence. 















  • The Cholas ruled southern India in the 10 and eleventh century, dominating most of peninsular India and Sri Lanka and conducting naval expeditions as far as Malaysia. 
  • The Cholas were known for their public works, especially the building of large temples in the Tanjore region and other parts of Tamil Nadu; one of the most spectacular was Raja Raja's (r. 985–1014 C.E.) Brhadeshvar temple. 
  • The Chola dynasty, on a lesser scale, was also a patron of beautiful artworks, particularly bronzes. 
  • The quick ascent of this dynasty was followed by an equally precipitous fall. 
  • They had been invaded many times by the Pandya dynasty by the middle of the thirteenth century, and were ultimately captured in 1279.