Showing posts with label Dadupanth. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Dadupanth. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Ravidasi(Sant)?


Ravidas  (ca. 1500) is a sant or poet-saint who lived in Benares and is said to have been a younger contemporary of poet-saint Kabir, according to tradition.

The Sants were a loose group of poet-saints from central and northern India who shared a number of common characteristics, including a focus on individualized, interior religion leading to a personal experience of the divine, a dislike for external ritual, particularly image worship, faith in the power of the divine Name, and a tendency to disregard traditional caste distinctions.

Ravidas is described as a leather worker (chamar) by both tradition and allusions in his poems, a social group whose interaction with dead animals and their skins left them untouchable.

His hereditary occupation is said to have sustained him, and much of his poetry deals with concerns of worldly birth and standing.

He never questioned the significance of heredity, but he finally believed that his dedication to God had enabled him to transcend his birth and given him prestige based on other factors.

His poetry, as well as his repeated reminders to his audience that life is brief and difficult, and that they should pay close attention to religious practice, reflect this strong personal conviction.

Ravidas was probably definitely uneducated, given his poor social rank.

His poetic songs were most likely passed down orally, but his personal appeal made him one of the most well-known sant poets.

The Adigranth, a scripture for the Sikh community, and the Panchvani collections, produced by the Dadupanth, are the two earliest recorded sources of his work.

Ravidas has also acted as a role model for the poor in contemporary India; his followers are known as Ravidasis.

Songs of the Saints of India, edited by John Stratton Hawley and Mark Juergensmeyer, was published in 1988, and The Life and Works of Raidas, translated by Winand M.

Callewaert and Peter Freidlander, was published in 1992.

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Hinduism - What Is The Dadupanth?


Dadu (1554–1603), a sant poet-saint, created a religious order. 

Rajasthan, the desert state where Dadu is said to have resided, has the strongest Dadupanth. 

The Dadupanth emphasizes theological themes common to sant poet-saints, such as the rejection of ritual and image worship in favor of an interior quest for a formless god, a conviction in the relative unimportance of traditional caste distinctions, and a confidence in the power of the holy Name. 

It also promotes nonviolence (ahimsa), vegetarianism, and the religious importance of labour, all of which were very significant to Dadu himself. 

The Dadupanth has always been a modest group in terms of numbers, but their document collections have made them historically significant. 

Because they comprise the works of five separate religious (bhakti) poets: Dadu, Kabir, Namdev, Ravidas, and Hardas, these volumes are known as the "five voices" (panchvani). 

The arid environment of Rajasthan has aided in the preservation of ancient manuscripts, some of which date back to the early seventeenth century. 

The Panchvani manuscripts are among the oldest sources for all of these poets, making them a valuable resource for the study of northern Indian devotional poetry's history. 

See Winand Callewaert (trans. ), The Sarvangi of the Dadupanthi Rajab, 1978; and The Sarvangi of Gopaldas, 1993, for further information on the Dadupanth's literary treasures. 

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.