Showing posts with label Duryodhana. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Duryodhana. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Yudhishthira In Hindu Mythology?

 


("strength in combat") Yudhishthira is the oldest of the Pandava brothers, the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

When Yudhishthira's mother, Kunti, performs a strong mantra to have a son by Dharma, the deity of righteousness, Yudhishthira is miraculously born.

Yudhishthira is his father's son in every aspect; the epic describes him as the earthly incarnation of Dharma.

He is well-known for his steadfast allegiance to the truth, politeness for everybody, and commitment to virtue.

His only personal flaw is a gambling addiction, which is only matched by his complete lack of gaming skill, and this flaw has serious consequences.

Yudhishthira is chosen as successor to the kingdom by his uncle, Dhrtarashtra, because of his merits.

Duryodhana, Dhrtarashtra's son, is enraged by this decision.

He seeks to murder the Pandavas by constructing a highly flammable mansion.

The Pandavas manage to escape unscathed despite the home being set on fire.

Duryodhana decides to win Yudhishthira's right to the throne in a game of dice later.

Yudhishthira's gambling addiction gets the better of him here, when he is pitted against Duryodhana's maternal uncle, Shakuni, who is a competent player.

As Yudhishthira continues to lose, he bets more and larger amounts in an attempt to recoup his losses.

Yudhishthira bets himself and his brothers after losing their kingdom and all their possessions.

He wagers and loses the Pandava brothers' common wife, Draupadi, after losing this bet.

Draupadi is humiliated as a result of her miscarriage, and Duryodhana and his brother, Duhshasana, parade her around the assembly hall, her clothing smeared with her monthly blood.

This event accentuates the two groups' already strong enmi relations.

Duryodhana's father, King Dhrtarashtra, is shocked by the treatment and restores the Pandavas' freedom.

However, due to the loss in the dice game, the Pandavas agree to go into exile for twelve years and live incognito for the thirteenth, with the caveat that if they are discovered in the thirteenth year, the cycle will begin all over again.

Peacefully, Yudhishthira and his siblings complete their twelve-year exile.

They spend the thirteenth year at King Virata's court, where they stay undetected despite Duryodhana's spies' frantic searches.

Yudhishthira and his brothers return to claim their share of the kingdom after the thirteen years have gone.

Yudhishthira hopes for a peaceful resolution and sends Duryodhana a note suggesting that they would be content with only five villages, one for each brother.

Yudhishthira recognizes that they would not gain their rights without a fight as Duryodhana says that they will not get as much land as could fit beneath the tip of a needle.

He unwillingly enlists his siblings in the war effort.

He battles courageously in the big war, and after their triumph, he is anointed king.

Yudhishthira, after reigning for many years, sets off towards the Himalayas with his brothers and their bride, Draupadi, accompanied by a little dog.

Draupadi and his brothers die one by one as they ascend the mountains, but the dog stays with Yudhishthira.

Yudhishthira finds the deity Indra, the ruler of heaven, waiting for him in a gilded chariot at the summit of the Himalayas.

Yudhishthira is told by Indra that he would transport him to paradise, but that he will have to leave his dog behind.

Yudhishthira is adamant about not abandoning his loyal buddy, even if it means he will miss out on paradise.

The dog then exposes himself to be the disguised deity Dharma.

The moral of the narrative is that Yudhishthira never allows himself to wander too far from righteousness throughout his life; even at the end, he refuses to abandon it.


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Hinduism - Who Is Virata?

 


Virata is the monarch who shelters the five Pandava brothers, the epic's heroes, during the year they spend incognito after their twelve years of exile in the forest, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

This year is crucial because, according to the pact the Pandavas made with their foe, Duryodhana, if they are found during this year, the cycle of exile and living in secrecy would begin all over again.

Even though Duryodhana has dispatched armies of spies to locate the Pandavas, Virata's care and forethought prevents them from being detected.

He continues to help the Pandavas throughout the Mahabharata battle and is finally murdered by the archery expert Drona.


Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Are The Kauravas In Hindu Mythology?


The Kauravas are the hundred sons of King Dhrtarashtra in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics, and the epic's enemies to the Pandava heroes.

As descendants of Kuru, King Shantanu's ancestor, the Kauravas get their name.

The Kaurava boys are born in an unconventional way, as is common in Hindu mythology.

Gandhari, their mother, obtains the sage Vyasa's benediction (ashirvad) that she would have one hundred boys.

Her pregnancy is more than two years long.

She gives birth to a large lump of meat when she becomes impatient and attempts to accelerate the delivery.

Gandhari should split the lump and set each piece in a saucepan of clarified butter, according to Vyasa (ghee).

Each of the 101 pots eventually breaks open, revealing a hundred lovely lads and a solitary girl, Dussala.

The two oldest sons, Duryodhana and Duhshasana, are the most significant of the hundred sons. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Duryodhana?



Duryodhana is the oldest son of King Dhrtarashtra and hence the head of the Kauravas, one of the two royal factions whose battle for dominance lies at the core of the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics. 

Duryodhana and his ninety-nine brothers had an unusual birth. 

Gandhari, their mother, gives birth to a large lump of meat that is divided and placed in one hundred pots of clarified butter. 

The lumps grow into babies in these pots. 

When the court astrologers are asked to analyze the omens surrounding Duryodhana's birth, they decide that Duryodhana would be the destruction of the nation and his family, and that it would be better to leave him to the elements. 

Dhrtarashtra is unable to do so due to fatherly impulses, which sets the scenario for the ultimate conflict. 

Even though the story of the epic is driven by the hostility between Duryodhana and his cousins, the Pandavas, and the Kauravas are entirely decimated as a result of this animosity, it would be wrong to portray Duryodhana as an unredeemable villain. 

He's more ill-starred than evil— arrogant, obstinate, unable to accept his faults, and, after a point, unwilling to give his cousins any benefit. 

These weaknesses are amplified by his father Dhrtarashtra's lack of strong guidance, and they ultimately spell his demise. 

Early on, a schism develops between the cousins, exacerbated in part by the fact that the Pandavas are more heroic than Duryodhana and his siblings. 

Bhima, the Pandava sibling known for his great strength, used to lash all a hundred Kauravas at once when he was a youngster. 

This, of course, does not endear him to them. 

When their archery master, Drona, asks the capture of King Drupada as a preceptor's fee later in youth, the Pandava brother Arjuna succeeds, while Drupada defeats Duryodhana in combat. 

Another schism arises when the Pandavas oppose Duryodhana's friend Karna's ability to join in an archery duel, alleging that Karna's unknown parentage disqualifies him from competing against monarchs. 

Duryodhana sidesteps the problem by crowning Karna as King of Anga, but the feud between the cousins has already begun. 

This terrible blood is seen in a variety of plots. 

Duryodhana attempts to assassinate the Pandavas by constructing a flammable lac home for them, which is subsequently set on fire. 

The Pandavas, on the other hand, manage to escape unscathed. 

Later, Duryodhana seduces Yudhishthira (a Pandava brother) into a dice game. 

Yudhishthira stakes all he has, including himself, his brothers, and their common wife Draupadi, and loses everything. 

Duryodhana and his brother Duhshasana publicly ridicule Draupadi as a result of their defeat, and Bhima takes a solemn promise to murder them both. 

Dhrtarashtra grants the Pandavas their independence, which they soon lose in yet another dice game. 

As a result of their defeat, the Pandavas agree to spend twelve years in exile in the forest and the thirteenth year living in secret, with the caveat that if they are discovered in the thirteenth year, the cycle would begin all over again. 

Despite Duryodhana's best efforts, the Pandavas manage to avoid discovery for the thirteenth year and send envoys to Duryodhana to claim their part of the kingdom at its conclusion. 

Duryodhana responds, perhaps encouraged by Yudhishthira's remark that he and his brothers would be content with a meager five villages, that he will not give them enough land to fit under the tip of a needle. 

The Pandavas prepare for battle in the face of such obstinacy and injustice in order to reclaim what is rightly theirs. 

Duryodhana battles courageously throughout the war, but his armies dissolve around him over the eighteen days of warfare. 

Duryodhana's last fight is with Bhima, who kills him by smashing his thigh with his mace in revenge for Duryodhana's previous insult to Draupadi (he had commanded her to sit on his thigh, which was a euphemism for the genitals). 



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