Showing posts with label Hampi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hampi. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Vijayanagar Dynasty Of India?



Vijayanagar Dynasty is a dynasty in India that dates back to the 15th century.

Vijayanagar ("Victory City") is the last of the ancient Hindu kingdoms in southern India, named for its capital city near modern-day Hampi in Karnataka.

Harihara, a provincial administrator of the Tughluq dynasty who broke away to carve up a state on the middle Deccan plateau, created the kingdom in 1336.

Throughout its history, the kingdom saw phases of growth and decline.

It ruled most of southern India in the early fifteenth century, but then declined and lost territory; this was followed by a period of renewal in the early sixteenth century, during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya, and finally ended after the battle of Talikota in 1565, when the ruling prince Rama Raja was decisively defeated by a coalition of sultans from the northern Deccan.

The city of Vijayanagar was abandoned almost immediately, but it still retains outstanding specimens of late medieval Hindu art and architecture, despite the ravages of time.

~Kiran Atma

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

Hinduism - Where Is Karnataka In India?


Karnataka is one of four southern Indian states whose residents speak a Dravidian language, in this instance Kannada.

Karnataka is one of the "linguistic" states created following India's independence in 1947, with the goal of uniting people who speak the same language and have a same culture under one state government.

The previous kingdom of Mysore was primarily responsible for the formation of the state.

Karnataka was the center of prominent Hindu kingdoms in medieval periods, notably the Hoysala and Vijayanagar empires, who created towns such as Belur, Halebid, and Hampi, which are today notable archeological sites.

The Lingayats, Shiva worshipers (bhakta), live in Karnataka, and their missionary efforts finally pushed away the large Jain community.

However, Jain monuments such as the huge monolith at Shravanabelgola still survive.

Shrirangapatnam and Shringeri Math are two significant Hindu holy locations in Karnataka.

Despite the fact that majority of the state's economy is still based on agriculture, Bangalore, the state's capital, is a global hub for computer software development.

See Christine Nivin et al., India. 8th ed., Lonely Planet, 1998, for general information about Karnataka and other Indian states.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

Hinduism - Where Is Halebid, Belur, And Hampi?

Village in Karnataka, India's southernmost state, some sixty miles northwest of Mysore.

Halebid, like its sister city Belur, is famed for its magnificent collection of Hoysala temples, which dominated western Karnataka from the eleventh to thirteenth century C.E.

The beautiful Hoysaleshvar Temple, dedicated to Shiva in his incarnation as Lord of the Hoysalas, is the most prominent structure at Halebid.

The temples at both Belur and Halebid were made of a special form of stone known as chlorite schist, steatite, or soapstone, which is soft when first mined but hardens with exposure to air.

The stone's early malleability makes it easier to cut, resulting in the rich detail seen in Hoysala temples.

Hoysala temples are distinguished by two architectural features: a central hall connecting three star-shaped sanctuaries, and temple towers (shikharas) made up of well-defined horizontal tiers rather than the continuous upward sweep typical of northern Indian Nagara architecture.

Hampi is a deserted city in central Karnataka, some 170 miles northwest of Bangalore, the state capital.

Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagar empire (1336–1565 C.E.), which ruled much of the Indian peninsula south of the Narmada River during its apex in the early sixteenth century.

The empire's prosperity was derived mostly from its dominance of the spice and cotton trades, both of which were immensely important commodities at the period, and the city of Hampi was constructed on a scale to reflect this.

After the battle of Talikota in 1565, when the last Vijayanagar ruler, Rama Raja, was defeated by a coalition of Muslim sultans from the Deccan, the kingdom came to an end abruptly.

Invading sultans devastated the city, which has been desolate ever since.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.