Showing posts with label Hanuman. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hanuman. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Surasa In Hindu Mythology?


Surasa is the mother of all the Nagas, a class of lesser divinities who take the shape of serpents in Hindu mythology.

Surasa assumes the shape of a monstrous snake in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics, to test the fortitude of the monkey-god Hanuman, who leaps across the sea to Lanka in quest of Sita, the deity Rama's kidnapped wife.

Surasa informs Hanuman that no one can pass through her mouth without going through her mouth, and Hanuman responds by becoming bigger and larger.

Surasa's jaws spread wider and wider, and Hanuman shrinks to the point where he darts in and out of her mouth.

Surasa, impressed by Hanuman's cleverness and bravery, bestows her blessing on him.

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Hinduism - What Is Hanuman Jayanti?

Hanuman Jayanti is a Hindu festival commemorating the birth of Lord Hanuman.

Hanuman's birthday is celebrated with a festival.

This is celebrated on the full moon in the lunar month of Chaitra (March–April) in southern India, and on the fourteenth day of the dark (waning) half of the lunar month of Kartik (October–November) in northern India.

The latter date corresponds to Shivaratri, Shiva's most significant festival, which takes place on the fourteenth day of the waning half-month Phalgun (usually in February).

Because Hanuman is often seen as an avatar or "incarnation" of Shiva, who has come to earth to serve the god-king Rama, the two celebrations are linked.

Hanuman is a highly important god in ordinary religious life, with a large following, despite his mythic status as a devoted and powerful servant of Rama.

Although there are no official ceremonies for his birthday, his followers (bhakta) sometimes observe it with worship, celebratory procession, and devotional reading of religious books, notably the Hanuman Chalisa and the Ramayana. 

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Hinduism - What Is The Hanuman Chalisa?

Hanuman Chalisa (literally, "Hanuman's Forty").

In Hindi, forty poetry stanzas in honor of the deity Hanuman.

Tulsidas (1532–1623), well known as the composer of the Ramcharitmanas, a vernacular translation of the epic Ramayana, is credited with writing it, according to a signature line (bhanita) at the conclusion of the work.

Short poems like the Hanuman Chalisa are often sung as a devotional act or as an established element of worship, and many individuals can memorize the text off the top of their heads.

The passage is written in the chaupai meter, which is the Ramcharitmanas' most common meter.

Hanuman's physical characteristics are described first, followed by his devotion to Rama and his heroic acts in the Ramayana.

The last words reaffirm Hanuman's potency, promise advantages if the verses are spoken, and reclaim Tulsidas' longing for Hanuman to stay in his heart.


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Hinduism - Who Is Lord Hanuman In The Hindu Pantheon And Hindu Mythology?

Hanuman is a Hindu deity with a monkey head.

Hanuman first appears in the Ramayana, the first of the two major Indian epics, where he is depicted as a minister of the monkey king Sugriva and a faithful servant of Rama, the epic's protagonist and god-king.

Despite his modest status in the Hindu pantheon, Hanuman is a very popular deity in contemporary India because he provides mankind with a god who is fundamentally similar to themselves (or what they would want to be), but on a larger scale and with more power.

Hanuman is thought to be the result of a mating between Vayu, the wind deity, and Anjana, the nymph.

Hanuman the child is always hungry after his birth, and one day he tries to devour the sun.

Indra, the gods' monarch and ruler of heaven, gets enraged at Hanuman's behavior and smashes him with a thunderbolt, fracturing his jaw (hanu).

When Vayu learns of his son's injuries, he gets enraged and stops doing his customary things.

Vayu's strike indicates that no one can live a normal existence since winds are responsible for all internal activities in Indian physics, including digestion, breathing, and excretion.

The gods realize their position after a short time and beseech Vayu for pardon; he is appeased when each deity agrees to offer Hanuman a wonderful gift.

Hanuman has immense abilities as a result of these celestial blessings.

He is very powerful, as seen by his picture, which depicts him with bulging muscles.

He can also treat people using plants and natural remedies, as well as his magical skills to defend people from bad supernatural entities.

One of his most unusual divine gifts is the ability to live as long as he wants and to choose when he dies.

His greatest virtue, and many believe the true source of his power, is his devotion to Rama (bhakti).

Hanuman is an important character in the Ramayana who helps the plot progress.

Hanuman is sent with a troop of monkeys to retrieve Sita, Rama's stolen wife, and finds her imprisoned in the country of Lanka after a long and laborious quest.

Hanuman is given considerably more prominence in Tulsidas' Ramcharitmanas (a vernacular translation of the Ramayana), in which he is converted from a formidable monkey servant to a devotee (bhakta) whose only purpose is to serve Rama with passionate devotion.

This devotion forbids any kind of worldly connection, including marriage and family, and Hanuman continues to be a role model for a religious lifestyle that emphasizes celibacy and abstinence.

Celibacy is seen as a source of strength in Indian culture since it avoids the loss of a man's vital energy that occurs after ejaculation.

Hanuman's greatest attribute, according to his worshippers, is his capacity to function as a go-between for Rama, who is normally seen as far removed from human matters.

People feel a connection and kinship with Hanuman since he is also a devotee, despite the fact that his abilities are considerably greater than theirs.

In fact, they feel Hanuman's words have a larger probability of reaching Rama's attention and being acted upon.

Tulsidas, the poet-saint, names Hanuman as his messenger in a poem suitably titled the "Letter of Petition" (Vinaya Patrika), with the full assurance that his case would be heard in the heavenly court.

Hanuman's close relationship with heavenly power, his unquestionable abilities, and his perceived accessibility and empathy have all combined to make him one of India's most widely venerated deities, transcending sectarian lines.

He is often said to be a Vaishnava or follower of Vishnu because of his dedication to Rama.

However, in an unexpected twist, Hanuman is also adored by the Shaivites, Shiva's adherents, as an avatar or "incarnation" of the deity Shiva.

Hanuman is typically venerated on astrologically unfavourable days as a guardian god, to keep these inauspicious forces at bay.

His colossal strength, celibacy, and unwavering devotion have made him the patron god of Indian wrestlers, who attempt to emulate him while training.

Finally, he serves as a healer and a source of sustenance.

On the one hand, he is known for his work as an exorcist, assisting individuals in the exorcism of demonic spirits.

On the other hand, he protects life for those who know his particular phrase, which allows them to select their own death moment, just as he did.

Hanuman is just now getting the respect he deserves, despite his relevance in modern Hindu culture.

Sudhir Kakar, Shamans, Mystics, and Doctors, 1982, has further information. 

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