Showing posts with label Hindu scripture. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hindu scripture. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Markandeya Purana?

 

Markandeya Purana is a Hindu scripture. One of the eighteen classic puranas, a sectarian compendium of epic tales and holy knowledge that is one of Hinduism's most significant texts.

Markandeya is claimed to have been an old sage, yet he had no special relationship with any god.

In this regard, the Markandeya Purana differs from the majority of others, which are clearly sectarian in nature.

The Devimahatmya, one of the purana's subsections, is well-known.

The Devimahatmya is the oldest and most significant literary source for Goddess mythology, describing the ulti mate force underlying all things as feminine.

Scholars argue that, although this book is the first to mention this religious view, it must have existed before since it is completely formed in this text.

Eight Classical Forms of Marriage Brahma, Daiva, Arsha, Prajapatya, Asura, Gandharva, Rakshasa, and Paishacha are the eight types of marriage recognized in Dharma literature (texts providing principles for proper human conduct and ideal social life).

The first four applications were accepted (prashasta).

The bride's father was responsible for arranging the marriage in each case: in the Brahma form, he gave his daughter as a gift with no conditions; in the Daiva form, she was given as a sacrificial fee; in the Arsha form, in exchange for a pair of cattle for sacrifice; and in the Prajapatya form, with the condition that the husband and wife perform their duties together.

The other four types of marriage were seen to be morally unacceptable (aprashasta).

The bride was traded for money in the Asura form, and the bride and groom plighted their troth by mutual consent—that is, by sensuous sensual sexual intercourse—were permitted in the Gandharva form.

The last two versions were completely prohibited: Rakshasa, in which the bride was forcefully kidnapped, and Paishacha, in which a male took sexual advantage of an insentient woman—due to intoxication, profound slumber, or drugging.

It's worth noting that all of these types were recognized legal marriages, including the two that were prohibited.

The goal of legalizing such unlawful weddings was to provide the lady the legal status of a wife, not to promote such behavior.

Except for the Brahma marriage, which has the greatest prestige, and the Asura marriage, most of these types of marriage are no longer performed in modern times.

See Pandurang Vaman Kane (trans. ), A History of Dharmasastra, 1968, and Raj Bali Pandey, Hindu Samskaras, 1969, for further details.

They are still the greatest sources on traditional Hindu religious practices, notwithstanding their antiquity.


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