Showing posts with label Hindutva. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hindutva. Show all posts

Hinduism - How Prevalent Was Religious Persecution In India?


Religious Persecution is a term used to describe when people are persecuted for their religious beliefs or structures or practices. 

In popular imagination, India is portrayed as a place of ideal religious tolerance, where all schools of thought are free to flourish.

This image is significantly simplified, even though it is accurate in its fundamental form.

Competition between religious groups and schools of thought has a long history, often driven by harsh polemics intended to convince audiences that one was true and the other was wrong.

Acts of violence, on the other hand, have been uncommon in these debates, as has the concept that individuals should be afraid for their lives because of their beliefs.

Language against the Jains has a really hostile tone in the literature of the Nayanar and Lingayat communities—both followers (bhakta) of the deity Shiva—and the Nayanar leader Sambandar has been continuously linked with the impalement of 8,000 Jains in the southern Indian city of Madurai.

Similarly, the northern Indian ruler Sashanka, who was also a Shiva devotee, had a pathological loathing towards Buddhists.

Sashanka is said to have not only persecuted Buddhists, but also attempted to kill the tree at Bodh Gaya where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.

Apart from sectarian rivalry, persons whose religious beliefs has led them to disregard commonly accepted social conventions have faced a lot of criticism.

The stories of the devotional (bhakti) poet-saints are rife with accounts of the difficulties they experienced from traditional morality guards, who are commonly described as brahmins.

There was a long and frequently murderous war between two groups of militant ascetics in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—the Naga class of the Dashanami Sanyasis and the Bairagi Nagas—although the objectives might just as well have been economic, notably control of commerce in the Ganges valley.

The development of Hindutva in the 1980s provides a last example of religious persecution.

Persecution has all too frequently resulted in actual bloodshed, fueled by rhetorical assaults on Muslims and Christians.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

Hinduism - What Is The Philosophy And Notion Of Hindutva In Contemporary India?

 (“Hindu-ness”) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a political figure, was the first to propose the notion.

It was initially published in a booklet named Hindutva/Who is a Hindu? and serves as the foundation for current Hindu nationalism.

Despite their strong geographical, cultural, linguistic, and religious diversity, Savarkar's argument was that Hindus were a nation; moreover, he defined a Hindu as anybody who regarded India both fatherland and sacred country.

This wide concept included all of the diversity seen in Hindu culture in India.

However, it was evident that it was aiming for the lowest common denominator.

Rather than abstract concepts of being "Hindu," most Indians' identities are generally founded on real regional, linguistic, or sectarian reasons.

However, it is vital to highlight who this broad definition excludes: India's most prominent minorities, Muslims and Christians, who are ostracized because of their "foreign" sacred places.

According to this view, Hindus "belong" in India merely by being Hindus, but Muslims and Christians, regardless of how long their family have resided in India, are always considered outsiders.

The Rashtriya Svayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a modern conservative Hindu organization, and its allied groups, primarily the Vishva Hindu Parishad, and to a lesser degree the Bharatiya Janata Party, hold Hindutva philosophy as a core tenet.

Hindutva values are also popular in Hindu-nationalist groups like the Shiv Sena, which blend Hindu and regional identities.

Christophe Jaffrelot, The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, 1996, is a good source of information. 

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.