Showing posts with label Jagannath. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Jagannath. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Lord Vishnu In The Hindu Pantheon?

 


Vishnu meaning the “all-pervasive” in Sanskrit, is one among the three most powerful deities in the Hindu pantheon, with Brahma, Shiva and the Goddess.

All three are significant for being largely unmentioned in the Vedas, the oldest Hindu religious books, and their rise, as well as the progressive eclipse of the Vedic gods, indicates a marked change in Hindu religious life.

Vishnu is the one who appears most often in the Vedas among the three.

Many hymns that mention him refer to him as a helper to Indra, the major Vedic deity, and one of Vishnu's epithets is Upendra ("junior Indra").

He also appears as an autonomous actor in certain late hymns, linked with wonderful works for the benefit of the cosmos, such as measuring out the universe in three steps.

Vishnu is also linked to the sun, both in terms of his ability to travel through the skies and his ability to fall on (and therefore "observe") everything.

Vishnu is the sustainer or maintainer of the universe, according to the holy trinity of Brahma Vishnu-Shiva.

Vishnu is pictured reclining on the back of his serpent couch, Shesha, in the primordial ocean at the moment of cosmic disintegration in one of the most prominent creation myths (pralaya).

Vishnu's navel produces a lotus, which opens to reveal Brahma, the creator, who starts the creation process.

When the time comes for disintegration, the whole process reverses, and the cosmos is pulled back into Vishnu, who is therefore considered as the source of everything.

The cosmos is also sustained by Vishnu's avatars or incarnations, who come into the world to restore balance to a universe that has been dangerously out of balance, generally as a result of an out of proportionally powerful demon.

There are 10 avatars as far as we know.

The Fish avatar, Tortoise avatar, Boar avatar, and Man-Lion avatar are the first four in nonhuman forms.

The other six are in human form, frequently as sages or heroes: Vamana avatar, Parashuram avatar, Rama avatar, Krishna avatar, Buddha avatar, and Kalki avatar.

In each of these instances, Vishnu takes on a physical form in order to avoid tragedy and preserve the cosmos' purity.

The theory of the avatars served as a means of assimilating existing deities into the broader pantheon while still granting them distinct status.

Although most of the avatars are no longer objects of devotion (the Boar and Man-Lion avatars each had a significant following early in the common period), Rama and Krishna's adoration has entirely exceeded that of Vishnu himself in most of northern India.

Vishnu is still revered throughout southern India, especially among Shrivaishnavas.

Apart from the avatar idea, notable local deities like as Jagannath, Venkateshvara, and Vithoba have all been absorbed into the pantheon as manifestations of Vishnu.

Vaishnavas and Shaivas established sectarian rivalry in medieval Hinduism, both claiming supremacy over their own deities (Vishnu and Shiva).

Despite the fact that Vaishnavas see Vishnu as the universe's highest force, his legendary persona and activities are vastly different from Shiva's.

Vishnu's headgear is a crown, and his persona is that of an all-ruling monarch, but Shiva is linked with ascetic life and practices (tapas) and hence with the religious force created by such acts.

Vishnu frequently succeeds by guile, ingenuity, and deceit, but Shiva eliminates his mythological enemies with sheer might, which is devoid of any finesse.

Each deity's followers recognize their divinity as the supreme force in the cosmos, from which all other gods get their power, and both are portrayed as kind and caring to their worshippers (bhakta).


Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - What Is A Rath Yatra?

 

Rath Yatra is a Hindu pilgrimage.

On the second day of the brilliant (waxing) half of the lunar month of Ashadh (June–July), the festival takes place.

Jagannath, a version of the god Krishna, is the main deity worshipped at this festival.

This festival is celebrated across India, but particularly at Puri, where the main temple of Jagannath is located.

Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra, and his sister Subhadra are taken in procession from Puri's main street to another temple approximately a mile distant during the festival.

They spend a week at this adjacent shrine before returning to the Jagannath temple.

Devotees (bhakta) process the deities in three gigantic wooden chariots (rath), which the devotees pull with long ropes.

The tallest of the three, Jagannath's, is forty-five feet tall, thirty-five feet wide, and rolls on sixteen seven-foot-high wheels.

The English term "juggernaut" is a corruption of Jagannath, and the idea of a juggernaut as an unstoppable force comes from the velocity that these carts gained once they started moving.

One of the most popular legends in British colonial history has Jagannath's enraged disciples committing suicide by putting themselves beneath the car's wheels in order to die in front of God.

Despite the fact that such stories were widely circulated, suicides of this kind were exceedingly rare.

Even still, pushing the carts posed a danger, since those who lost their footing in the throng would be unable to stand up and may be crushed by the wheels.

T. N. Madan (ed. ), Religion in India, 1991, is a good source of knowledge.


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Hinduism - When Is Purushottama Observed? Who IS Revered As Purushottama?

 


When the intercalary month falls within the lunar month of Ashadh, it is observed as a religious observance.

The intercalary month is a lunar month that is placed into the calendar every thirty months or so to keep the solar and lunar calendars in sync.

It starts after any "normal" lunar month in which the sun has not yet shifted into the next zodiac sign, and adopts the name of the previous month.

The intercalary month is regarded unlucky since it has an atypical phenomenon, and the most popular vernacular word for it is malamasa, which means "impure month." When the additional month happens in the lunar month of Ashadh, however, worshippers of the deity Vishnu (bhakta) see it as an extremely sacred period devoted to Vishnu in his avatar as Purushottama ("best of men"), and treat it as such.

This month, Vaishnavas study holy scriptures, sing Vishnu's glorious names, and engage in various forms of devotion.

The month of Ashadh, as well as its intercalary month, are particularly significant for the Jagannath temple in Puri, whose presiding god, Jagannath, is regarded a form of Krishna, and hence a manifestation of Vishnu.

Every year, the Rath Yatra event is held in Puri during the month of Ashadh, and in years when the intercalary month occurs in Ashadh, fresh representations of Jagannath and his siblings are produced.


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Hinduism - Who Is Jagadisha Or Jagannath?


 ("Lord of the Universe")

Jagannath has been identified as a form of Krishna, Vishnu's eighth avatar or incarnation, and by extension the god Vishnu, to whom #

Jagannath has been linked as a form of Krishna, Vishnu's eighth avatar or incarnation.

The Dashavatara Stotra, the first hymn of the Gitagovinda, a lyric devotional song penned by the poet Jayadeva, gives Jagannath the name Jagadisha.

The name Jagadisha is utilized in one of the most famous and well-known religious hymns in contemporary northern India, the Jagadisha Arati, which is dedicated to Vishnu in particular. 


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