Showing posts with label Jain. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Jain. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Rishabha?

 

Rishabha is said to be the founder of the Jains, according to Jain tradition.

He is considered the first of the Jain tirthankaras, the religious tradition's foundational figures.

In the Yajur Veda, one of the oldest Hindu religious books, he is identified as one of three Jain tirthankaras.

Mahavira, who is regarded the twenty-fourth tirthankara, is the man most commonly attributed with formulating the Jains' current doctrines.


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Hinduism - Who Was Mallinatha?

 

Mallinatha (14th century?) Sanskrit scholar and commentator well known for his remarks on the poet Kalidasa's plays (about 5th century? ); his commentaries have become important resource for comprehending the texts.

Mallinatha was a Jain and may have been a monk, despite the fact that his commentary was mostly on "secular" poetry.

His work exemplifies the Jains' critical role in the preservation of Indian literary tradition.

They copied and recopied the manuscripts in addition to their commentaries, a never-ending process owing to the delicate nature of the palm leaves on which they were written.



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Hinduism - Who Was Mahendravarman?

 


 (r. 600–630) During the Pallava dynasty, when southern India was a bastion of Tamil culture, he was the ruler.

Mahendravarman was born a Jain, but under the influence of the poet-saint Appar, he became a devotee (bhakta) of the deity Shiva.

Mahendravarman was a learned man who supported the arts and was the creator of the famous drama Mattvavilasa ("Sport of Drunkards") in southern India.

During his reign, the rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram were constructed.

He clashed with the neighboring monarchs, particularly the Chalukya king Pulakeshin II, and was killed in a fight with Pulakeshin's army.


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Hinduism - Where Is Karnataka In India?

 

Karnataka is one of four southern Indian states whose residents speak a Dravidian language, in this instance Kannada.

Karnataka is one of the "linguistic" states created following India's independence in 1947, with the goal of uniting people who speak the same language and have a same culture under one state government.

The previous kingdom of Mysore was primarily responsible for the formation of the state.

Karnataka was the center of prominent Hindu kingdoms in medieval periods, notably the Hoysala and Vijayanagar empires, who created towns such as Belur, Halebid, and Hampi, which are today notable archeological sites.

The Lingayats, Shiva worshipers (bhakta), live in Karnataka, and their missionary efforts finally pushed away the large Jain community.

However, Jain monuments such as the huge monolith at Shravanabelgola still survive.

Shrirangapatnam and Shringeri Math are two significant Hindu holy locations in Karnataka.

Despite the fact that majority of the state's economy is still based on agriculture, Bangalore, the state's capital, is a global hub for computer software development.

See Christine Nivin et al., India. 8th ed., Lonely Planet, 1998, for general information about Karnataka and other Indian states.


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