Showing posts with label Janeu. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Janeu. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Kabir?

 (middle of the 15th century?) A poet is considered as one of the most important religious personalities in northern India.

Kabir belonged to the Sants, a group of poet-saints from central and northern India who shared several characteristics: an emphasis on individualized, interior religion leading to a personal experience of the divine; disdain for external ritual, particularly image worship; belief in the power of the divine Name; and a tendency to ignore caste hierarchies.

Kabir was a devout follower of these ideas, and in his works, he openly criticizes any religious practice based on habit or custom, such as asceticism, unique ways of clothing, fasting (upavasa), image worship, caste, and text.

Kabir describes himself as a weaver (julaha) in his poems, and according to legend, he supported himself via this employment.

Kabir's background makes it impossible to associate him with a certain faith.

In Arabic, the name Kabir ("Great") is one of Allah's names in the Qur'an, indicating that he is a Muslim.

His poetry, on the other hand, demonstrates his extensive understanding of Hindu religious life.

The members of Kabir's julaha society were supposed to be new converts to Islam who had not yet completely integrated.

Kabir's poetry, on the other hand, plainly demonstrates that he was neither Hindu nor Muslim.

Kabir's appeal is probably due to his forthright, impassioned assertion that true religious accomplishment can only be attained via inward, individual experiences of the divine, which he refers to as Ram.

This is a word for the incomprehensible, ultimate Supreme Reality, not the god-king who is the hero of the Ramayana.

Both of these emphasizes reflect the Nathpanthi ascetics' influence, who also emphasized inward experience and yoga.

Kabir reportedly claimed in one of his songs that he had never put pen to paper since he was so engaged in the holy.

Many of his shorter epigrams have become conventional sayings, and his songs are still popular today.

Kabir's oldest attested poetry can be found in three major collections: one in the Adigranth, the Sikh scripture also known as the "Primal Book," another compiled by the Dadupanth, the religious organization founded by the Sant poet-saint Dadu, and the Bijak, compiled by the Kabirpanth, a religious community that claimed Kabir as its guru (religious preceptor).

These collections show substantial variances, indicating that they are not all from the same source.

For more information, see Charlotte Vaudeville's Kabir (1974); Linda Hess and Shukdev Singh's The Bijak of Kabir (1983); John S.

Hawley and Mark Juergensmeyer's Songs of the Saints of India (1988); Nirmal Dass' Songs of Kabir from the Adi Granth (1991); and David Lorenzen's Kabir Legends and Ananta-Das' Kabir Parachai (1991). 

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Hinduism - Who Are The Kabirpanth?

Followers of the northern Indian poet-saint Kabir form a religious group.

Some Kabirpanthis are ascetics, while others live in houses.

The group's most prominent center, which houses an austere community, is at Benares (where Kabir is said to have resided).

Although Kabir opposes ceremony, worship, and dependence on anything other than one's own unmediated experience in his poetry—a background that suggests yoga practice—the Kabirpanth has adopted all of these traditional religious trappings.

The Bijak, a collection of poetry and epigrams ascribed to Kabir, is the community's holy scripture.

Kabir, who has become an object of adoration, is depicted in its holy centers.

On particular days, elaborate rites are carried out.

This is odd since many of the activities that Kabir criticized seem to have been accepted by the group that claims to follow his teachings.

Given Kabir's constant emphasis on the necessity for direct, intimate encounters with the divine, the idea of his being regarded as the founder of a sect would have been absurd to him.

See David Lorenzen, “Traditions of Non-Caste Hinduism: The Kabir Panth,” Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1987, for more information.

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Hinduism - What Is The Kadambari?


Kadambari is a Sanskrit romantic book written by Bana (7th century), who was a contemporary of northern Indian monarch Harsha.

The book's complicated narrative includes a love tale between the main protagonists, a princess called Kadambari and a prince named Chandripida.

Bana's death left the Kadambari incomplete.

It depicts Indian life at Bana's time in great detail.

In Hindu mythology, Kadru is the sister of Vinata and the daughter of the celestial sage Daksha.

Kadru's offspring are serpents, but her sister's children are eagles, the most renowned of which is Garuda.

The well-known animosity between these species may be traced back to a disagreement between Vinata and Kadru about the color of a heavenly horse's tail, with Vinata claiming that it is white and Kadru claiming that it is black.

The argument intensifies until they come to an understanding that whomever is incorrect will become a slave to the other.

Kadru persuades a few of her snake offspring to hang from the rear of the horse in order to assure her victory.

The tail seems black from a distance.

(Some of her children are against such deception and refuse to participate.) In retaliation, Kadru curses them to die in King Janamjeya's snake-killing ritual.) Vinata feels she has been beaten when she sees the black snakes, and she serves Kadru for many years under exceedingly difficult circumstances.

Vinata is ultimately rescued by her son Garuda, who realizes the ruse behind Vinata's loss and begins a never-ending snake-killing campaign.


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Hinduism - Who Is Kaikeyi In Hindu Mythology?


Kaikeyi is the second wife of King Dasharatha, the mother of Bharata, and the foster mother of Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Kaikeyi is personally responsible for one of the epic's most heinous acts: forcing Rama into a fourteen-year exile in the forest, which is a crucial story point.

Despite her horrible deeds, she is not seen as a nasty person, but rather as a mother who acts out of love for her son but is plagued by poor judgment and bad advise.

Kaikeyi is overjoyed when Dasharatha declares that he plans to appoint Rama as the successor to the kingdom.

Rama has always held Bharata in the same regard as his own mother, Kausalya, and has regarded him as an equal.

Kaikeyi's psyche was steadily poisoned by her maid, Manthara, as the ceremony day neared.

Manthara persuades Kaikeyi that, after Rama is crowned heir-apparent, she and Bharata would be treated as chattel, or things, if they are permitted to live at all.

Kaikeyi's fear for her son drives her to take desperate measures.

Dasharatha had given Kaikeyi two boons, or gifts, for her assistance in winning a major battle many years previously.

She has never repaid these boons, but now asks that Dasharatha banish Rama to the wilderness for fourteen years and replace him with Bharata as king.

Dasharatha tries to persuade Kaikeyi to reconsider her decision, but she refuses.

Finally, he is obliged to give her desire.

Not only does Kaikeyi's request bring her shame from her husband, who blames her for separating him from Rama, but it also brings her shame from her kid.

Bharata chastises Kaikeyi for depriving Rama of something that is properly his, and he refuses to reign until Rama orders him to serve in his place during the exile.

Rama, who is depicted in the epic as serenely glad to accept his parents' orders, whatever they may be, is the only one who does not condemn her.


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Hinduism - Where Is The Kailas Mountain? Are There Present Restrictions On Pilgrims?

 A Himalayan mountain in southern Tibet that is revered by both Hindus and Buddhists as a pilgrimage site (tirtha).

Kailas is said to be Mount Meru, the universe's core, according to Hindu mythology.

The peak of Mount Kailas is also said to be where the deity Shiva resides.

The essential act of pilgrimage to Kailas for both Hindus and Buddhists is to walk around the mountain, metaphorically crossing the whole globe.

The trek starts at Manasarovar, a lake at the mountain's foot that is known as the Lake of the Gods in Hindu mythology.

The sixty-five-mile circuit is exceedingly challenging due to a number of factors: Even in June (the traditional pilgrimage month), the region is exceedingly isolated, the temperature is harsh and unforgiving, and the circuit itself is physically demanding, with its highest point over 19,000 feet above sea level.

Storms may strike at any time of year, and unprepared pilgrims might quickly perish from exposure.

Given these challenges, only a small percentage of individuals undertake this pilgrimage; nonetheless, those who do are rewarded.

For long years, Chinese travel restrictions in Tibet prevented anyone from making this journey.

These prohibitions have been lifted since the early 1990s, and small groups of religious pilgrims are once again undertaking the hallowed pilgrimage. 

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Hinduism - Who Is Kaitabha In Hindu Mythology?


One of two demons that tries to murder the deity Brahma in Hindu mythology (the other is Madhu).

The narrative is told in a variety of legendary texts, with some significant changes between them.

During the age of cosmic dissolution, Madhu and Kaitabha are born from the deity Vishnu's earwax, according to all traditions (pralaya).

A lotus erupts from Vishnu's navel as the universe is being created.

It begins with the revelation of Brahma, the creator-god, who is promptly assailed by Madhu and Kaitabha.

Brahma makes a plea for aid in all versions of the narrative.

Vishnu deceives and kills the demons (who are powerful but not very intelligent).

The distinction is in the god to whom Brahma pleads for assistance.

The narrative initially occurs in Vishnu's mythology, when Brahma summons the god.

The Devimahatmya, the oldest legendary source for the religion of the Mother Goddess as the greatest celestial force, tells a similar scenario.

In this version, Brahma's song of gratitude is to the Goddess, who has lulled Vishnu into a cosmic coma in her guise as Yoganidra ("yoga sleep"), making him unable to assist Brahma.

The Goddess, pleased by Brahma's praise, relinquishes her control over Vishnu, who wakes and slays the demons.


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Hinduism - What Is Kaivalya In The Samkhya And Yoga Hindu Philosophical Schools?


 (“isolation”) Kaivalya is the stage of ultimate emancipation in both Samkhya and Yoga, two of the six schools of Hindu philosophy.

The contrast between the aware but inert purusha, which is identified as the Self, and the active but unconscious prakrti is completely understood by a person who has acquired kaivalya.

According to Samkhya metaphysics, the growth of subjective awareness and the outside universe is triggered by misunderstanding between these two eternally separate principles, in which the eternal Self becomes the witness to successive rebirths.

The theoretical reason for bondage and soul release is provided by Samkhya, whilst the path to freedom is provided by Yoga.

The goal of yoga is to assist people discern between these two principles by reducing barriers to insight, especially karmic inclinations based in egoism.

Those who can distinguish between these two principles and discover the soul's oneness with the purusha achieve independence from all external causes, mastery over all states of being, and omniscience, according to the Yoga Sutras, the founding literature for the Yoga system.

Samkhya: A Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy, edited by Gerald Larson and Ram Shankar Bhattacharya, was published in 1987, and A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy, edited by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore, was published in 1957.

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Hinduism - What Is Kajari Teej?


Kajari Teej is one of two Teej celebrations.


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Hinduism - Who Are The Jangama Of The Lingayat Community?


"Jangama" means "moving". The Virashaiva or Lingayat community has a priestly subgroup whose members are mostly located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka.

The Virashaivas are a devotional community that emphasizes Shiva's worship as the sole true god; they are fundamentally monotheistic and reject all types of image worship save for Shiva's emblem, the linga.

The Virashaivas were formed by the poet-saint Basavanna, who developed the jangamas as a rival priesthood to care for his community's members, partially in revolt against the prevalent caste system.

The jangamas' primary job is to preside at lifecycle ceremonies for community members, such as birth, coming-of-age, marriage, and death.

Jangamas may marry and have children, but this Virashaiva subcommunity is also a primary source of recruits for the celibate Virashaiva monks (viraktas), who are the community's top religious leaders.

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Hinduism - What Is Janeu?

All “twiceborn” (dvija) males wear this holy thread as a visible indication of having completed the teenage religious initiation known as “second birth.” 

The janeu is a three-stranded circular string that is worn over the left shoulder and crosses the body to fall on the right hip.

Look Up Sacred thread.


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