Showing posts with label Jayadeva. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Jayadeva. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Radha In Hindu Mythology?


Radha is the lady depicted as the deity Krishna's lover and companion in later devotional (bhakti) literature.

Radha's love for Krishna is a metaphor for the soul's longing for unification with the divine, portrayed via passionate love's poetic traditions.

Although there are a few mentions to Radha in poetry dating back to the seventh century, Jayadeva's lyric poem the Gitagovinda, written in the eleventh century, is her earliest detailed representation.

The narrative of Radha and Krishna's love, their fight and separation, and their final reconciliation is told in the Gitagovinda.

Radha is portrayed in a unique way by Jayadeva.

In the poem, Radha expresses her desire to be Krishna's solitary lover and friend.

She pouts jealously when he flirts with other women, and she snubs him violently when he returns to her with hints of another tryst.

They reunite in the end, and passionate love becomes a symbol of their togetherness.

The lyrical text given by Jayadeva's hymn Dashavatara Stotra brings this image of Radha and Krishna's love, separation, and reunion into fuller clarity.

After the text's introductory verses, Jayadeva describes the accomplishments of Krishna's 10 incarnations (avatars).

The hymn's final verses specifically mention Krishna as the ultimate source of the ten avatars, reminding listeners that the person playing a role in this drama of jealousy, repentance, and reconciliation is none other than the Lord of the Universe Himself, who has saved the world from destruction in the past.

Unlike previous representations of Krishna, which portray his relationships with his followers (bhakta) as a type of "play" (lila), the Krishna in the Gitagovinda seems to be less lofty and distant, and more personally and profoundly concerned with Radha as the object of his adoration.

Krishna is shown in the poem as someone who is highly affected by emotions and who reciprocates his devotee's sentiments in a meaningful way.

The inner interaction between the two lovers is the core of Jayadeva's literary attention, and he discloses nothing about Radha outside of this connection.

Radha's character evolved in a variety of ways following the Gitagovinda.

Radha's trysts with Krishna take on the hue of adulterous, forbidden love according to certain poets, who represent her as married to another man.

In Indian poetry, this love is seen as more passionate since the lovers have nothing to gain from the affair other than the love itself, and they risk losing everything if they are found.

Radha is a sign of someone who is prepared to risk and lose all for the sake of love itself.

Radha's character is also explored in a manner that contradicts this adulterous depiction.

Radha is depicted in various traditions not as a simple woman devoured by Krishna's love, but as his wife, consort, and divine force (shakti), through whose agency Krishna may operate in the universe.

For the Nimbarka religious community, who saw Radha and Krishna as manifestations of Lakshmi and Narayana, this deified figure of Radha was very important.

The Radhavallabh community was another sect that promoted equality, with members emphasizing Krishna's devotion for Radha.

See Barbara Stoller Miller (ed. and trans. ), The Love Song of the Dark Lord, 1977, and David R. Kinsley, Hindu Goddesses, 1986, for further information about Radha.

Hinduism - Who Was Jayadeva?

 (12th century) Poet and creator of the Gitagovinda, a lyric devotional poetry that employs the lovers Krishna and Radha's separation and final reunion as a metaphor for the human soul's connection with God.

Jayadeva resided in the temple of the deity Jagannath at Puri, where his wife Padmavati was a dancer, according to legend.

She is supposed to have been the first to dance to Jayadeva's songs as a sacrifice to Jagannath, and the Gitagovinda continues to be sung and performed as part of temple devotion to this day.

Barbara Stoller Miller (ed. and trans. ), The Love Song of the Dark Lord, 1977, has further details.


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