Showing posts with label Kalidasa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kalidasa. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Raghuvamsha?

 

("Raghu's Family Tree") One of Kalidasa's major poetry works.

Kalidasa is widely regarded as the best classical Sanskrit poet.

The Raghuvamsha is a nineteen-canto quasi-historical epic dedicated to the Solar Line's rulers, notably its most prominent member, the god-king Rama.

Although Kalidasa presents Rama as an avatar or heavenly incarnation in a manner that Valmiki does not, the tale of Rama in Kalidasa's poetry is very comparable to that of the epic Ramayana.

The Solar Line rulers are also used in Kalidasa's poetry as examples of dedication to the four purposes of life (purushartha): riches (artha), pleasure (kama), religious duty (dharma), and release (release) (moksha).

The rulers at the end of the line, according to Kalidasa, are entirely immoral and just interested in pleasure.

The line is destroyed as a result of their flagrant disregard for their obligation to govern justly, and the poem's audience learns a valuable lesson.


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Hinduism - What Is The Meghaduta?

 


 (“Cloud-Messenger”) One of Kalidasa's major literary works (5th century? ), often regarded as the finest classical Sanskrit poet.

The Meghaduta is a one-hundred-verse poem written completely in an exceptionally lengthy meter known as mandakranta, with each quarter stanza having seventeen syllables.

The poem relates the tale of a yaksha (nature sprite) who has been exiled to India's southernmost region.

The yaksha watches a monsoon rain cloud travelling northward in its yearly voyage, separated from his loving wife who is at their home in the Himalayan realm of Kubera.

He begs it to deliver a love message to his sweetheart.

The yaksha is a term used to describe the areas across which the cloud passes.

This depiction paints a detailed picture of Kalidasa's period, including daily life and cultural centers.

Meghasandesha, "The Message [borne by] a Cloud," is the name given to the poem by certain sources.


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Hinduism - Who Is Menaka In Hindu Mythology?

 

Menaka is a lovely heavenly girl/nymph/celestial maiden (apsara) who is a minion of Indra, the ruler of the gods, in Hindu mythology.

Menaka's main job is to seduce sages who are threatening to dethrone Indra as king of the heavens.

Semen is seen as the concentrated essence of a man's vital energy in traditional Indian culture, and celibacy is viewed as a way to maintain and keep these energies.

Menaka's attracting abilities are employed to seduce these ascetics, reducing their spiritual force.

The sage Vishvamitra, who is twice charmed by her charms, is her most noteworthy companion.

Their first encounter leads in the birth of the maiden Shakuntala, which is honored in the poet Kalidasa's play Abhijnanashakuntala.

Vishvamitra spends 10 years with Menaka during their second liaison before abandoning her for renunciant existence in the bush.


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Hinduism - Who Was Mallinatha?

 

Mallinatha (14th century?) Sanskrit scholar and commentator well known for his remarks on the poet Kalidasa's plays (about 5th century? ); his commentaries have become important resource for comprehending the texts.

Mallinatha was a Jain and may have been a monk, despite the fact that his commentary was mostly on "secular" poetry.

His work exemplifies the Jains' critical role in the preservation of Indian literary tradition.

They copied and recopied the manuscripts in addition to their commentaries, a never-ending process owing to the delicate nature of the palm leaves on which they were written.



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Hinduism - What Is The Kumarasambhava?


Kumarasambhava ("Prince's Birth") is one of Kalidasa's best literary works.

Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest classical Sanskrit poet.

The Kumarasambhava is a mythologically inspired epic poetry.

It starts with the ascension of Taraka, a demon who obtains a holy gift that he can only be destroyed by a Shiva son.

The poem tells the story of Shiva and Parvati's long romance, marriage, and lovemaking.

The narrative stops before the birth of the deity Skanda, who is said to have killed Taraka in other mythological versions of the story.

Because of the sudden conclusion, some interpreters believe the play is incomplete.

Others see these subsequent occurrences as a predetermined conclusion, allowing the poet to avoid wasting his audience's time.


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Hinduism - Who Is Kalidasa?


 (fifth century?) He is widely regarded as the greatest Sanskrit writer, known for his knowledge of the language as well as his ability to elicit lyrical feeling (rasa) in his listeners.

There is little definitive information concerning Kalidasa's life; even his birth and death dates have been disputed.

Kalidasa was an ignorant rural kid, according to folklore.

He was portrayed as a suitor for an educated princess who had promised to marry only a man who could beat her in a silent argument—that is, a discussion in which gestures were used instead of words—as a joke.

Through happenstance and mutual misinterpretation, Kalidasa "defeated" the princess and married her.

When the princess discovered Kalidasa's illiteracy, she kicked him out of the home and told him he couldn't come back until he was educated.

In despair, he went to a temple dedicated to the goddess Kali and was ready to make a human sacrifice when Kali arrived and bestowed complete knowledge of Sanskrit onto him.

"Have you achieved competence in [Sanskrit] speech?" his wife is said to have questioned him upon his return.

"Asti kascit vagviseshatah?" says the narrator.

Kalidasa responded slowly, utilizing the three lines from his wife's query as the initial words of his three greatest works: Kumarasambhava, Meghaduta, and Raghuvamsha.

He's also the creator of the Abhijnanashakuntala, Vikramorvashiya, and Malavikagnimitra tragedies.

These writings are said to have earned him the favour of monarch Vikramaditya, whose court Kalidasa is typically connected with.

Kalidasa's extraordinary gift of learning is also said to have caused his death, according to legend.

Kalidasa saw his wife as his guru or religious instructor since she had sparked his interest in study.

He denied any sexual intercourse with her out of respect.

She cursed him to die at the hands of a woman, enraged at his rejection.

A king created a line of poem many years later and gave a great reward to the person who could write the finest finish.

While enjoying the company of a prostitute, Kalidasa learned about the competition and simply produced the ideal finish.

The courtesan stabbed and murdered Kalidasa in her desire for the reward.

Despite the fact that her crime was uncovered and she was punished, this narrative exemplifies Hindu belief in fate's inexorable force, especially when it is fueled by a curse.

 


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