Showing posts with label Karnataka. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Karnataka. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Goddess Yellamma In The Hindu Pantheon?

 



Presiding deity of the sanctuary atop Yellama hill in Saundatti, Karnataka's Belgaum district.

Yellama's temple is famous for being a historic center for devadasis ("[female] servants of the Lord"), a class of women held in temples as singers and dancers in the service of the temple's presiding goddess, to whom they were traditionally considered "married." Both boys and girls may be consecrated in Yellama's temple.

Although the devadasi tradition has been associated with common prostitution for the past two centuries, it was far more common in earlier times for a devadasi to live with a single man for the rest of her life, despite the fact that she could not marry him because she was considered dedicated to the deity.

This devotion is sometimes done in response to a demand from the goddess herself, which is revealed via possession; in other situations, the parents undertake it in the hopes of gaining some tangible benefit, most notably recovery from sickness.

Yellamma is linked to fire, as well as causing (and maybe treating) skin disorders, which can be seen as a metaphor for "burning." According to the old paradigm, devadasis possessed a distinct social status and unique legal privileges, including the right to family inheritance and the ability to conduct religious ceremonies that were not available to other women.

These privileged powers vanished with the banning of the devadasi system, which was partially carried out by the British and was finally carried out in post-independence India.

Although such dedications continue to occur, they are often used as a cover for procuring the girls, who are then transferred to brothels in Bombay, Pune, and other central Indian towns.

Most of the girls come from very impoverished families, and their devotion to Yellamma is a method for them to avoid having to pay for a wedding, which is a big expenditure in modern Indian culture.

The dedications are said to be common and take place on the full moon in the lunar month of Magh (January–February), although the laws prohibiting them are seldom enforced due to secrecy.

See Frederique Apffel Marglin's Wives of the God-King, 1985, for a more in-depth look at the devadasi system at the Jagannath temple in Puri.


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Hinduism - Where Are The The Nilgiri Hills In India?

 

The Nilgiri Hills are a range of hills created by the confluence of the Western and Eastern Ghats, and are situated in the crossroads of three southern Indian states: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka.

The hills were formerly inhabited by a tribal group known as the Todas, albeit just a few thousand Todas remain now.

This area is known for its hill stations, such as Ootacamund and Kodaikanal, which are popular holiday places, honeymoon destinations, and filmmaking locations.


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Hinduism - What Is The Kannada Language?

 

 

Kannada is one of the four Dravidian languages (the others being Tamil, Telegu, and Malayalam), all of which are spoken in southern India.

Kannada is the most widely spoken language in contemporary Karnataka, one of the "linguistic" states established after India's independence in 1947 to bring people who spoke the same language and had a same culture under one state administration.

Despite its recent political importance, Kannada has a long history as a literary and cultural language, and is especially significant as the language of the Lingayat religious community's devotional (bhakti) poetry.

Also see Tamil language. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Khandoba In The Hindu Pantheon?


Khandoba is a regional god worshipped in the Deccan area of central India, mainly in Maharashtra and Karnataka.

Khandoba, who was formerly thought to be a local goddess, is now thought to be an avatar, or incarnation, of the god Shiva, who adopts this shape to defeat two demons called Mani and Malla.

He is convinced to stay at a temple in Jejuri, Maharashtra, after fighting the demons, from whence his adoration spread across the area.

Khandoba is a famous god who is said to fulfill people's desires, especially when they make promises to him.

For further detail, read John M. Stanley's article in Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1977, "Special Time, Special Power: The Fluidity of Power in a Popular Hindu Festival." 


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Hinduism - Who Are The Karnata?


The Karnata are a southern Indian brahmin community (Pancha Dravida), one of five southern brahmin groups (Gujarati, Maharashtri, Andhra, and Dravida).

The present state of Karnataka is the heartland of the Karnata brahmins. 


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