Showing posts with label Katyayana. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Katyayana. Show all posts

Hinduism - ACARYA


Who Is An Acarya?

A teacher is referred to as Acarya in Sanskrit.

It is derived from acara, 'course,' according to Nirukta 1.4, although Katyayana and maybe also Panini regarded it as 'the one to be approached' (Scharfe 2002: 90f.).

The upanayana in the Veda creates a link between the acarya and the brahmacarin, who resides in the teacher's home (acarya-kula, later called gurukula).

Normally, an acarya had a small number of pupils, although some reports record huge groups, with assisting instructors (Scharfe 2002: 220).

Acarya also refers to a master artisan who instructs a student (Scharfe 2002: 265).

Although the terms guru and acarya are sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the same individual, acarya denotes his authority in his field, whilst guru denotes the respect and adoration owed to him (Hara 1980).

Acarya may be appended to any name, such as Dron-acarya (Drona), Sankaracarya, and so on (Sankara).

Dignaga, a Buddhist logician, is simply known as Acarya by his disciples.

Acarya, or 'minister' in English, is the title given to Brahmo Samaj preachers.

~Kiran Atma

See also: 

Brahmo Samaj, Drona, Guru, Katyayana, Nirukta, Panini, Sankara,Upanayana, Veda

References And Further Reading:

Hara, Minoru. 1980. ‘Hindu Concepts of Teacher: Sanskrit guru and acarya’. In M. Nagaromi, B.K. Matilal, J.M. Masson and E. Dimock, eds, Sanskrit and Buddhist Studies: Essays in Honour of Daniel H.H. Ingalls. Dordrecht: Reidel, 93–118.

Scharfe, Hartmut. 2002. Education in Ancient India. (Handbuch der Orientalistik, Section 2, vol. 16.) Leiden: Brill.

Hinduism - What Is The Katyayana Smrti ?

The Katyayana  Smrti is one of the smrtis, or "remembered" writings, a genre of literature that is significant but not as authoritative as the shrutis, or "heard" scriptures.

This smrti is credited to the sage Katyayana and is an example of one of the Dharma Shastras, which are texts that prescribe principles for proper human conduct and ideal social life.

Unlike the Dharma Sutras, which are attributed to real people, the Dharma Shastras are frequently attributed to mythological sages as a way of bolstering their authority.

Although the whole text of the Katyayana has not survived, more than a thousand lines have been compiled from subsequent works.

Katyayana's treatise was the first to concentrate on women's rights: he paid special attention to women's personal property (stridhan), both to explain its powers and to set laws for its inheritance when a woman died.

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