Showing posts with label Kavitavali. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kavitavali. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Kavitavali?

 ("poems in a sequence") The poet-saint Tulsidas (1532–1623?)'s last poetry composition.

Tulsidas presents a simplified version of the epic Ramayana as well as poetry in which he clearly speaks in his own voice in the Kavitavali.

It was finished after 1615, according to evidence in the text.

The poems are composed in the savaiya and kavitt meters, which are lengthier, more difficult, and less accessible than Tulsidas' earlier works' meters.

The Kavitavali is structured into seven divisions, which correspond to the Ramayana's internal structure, however the Kavitavali's verses are concentrated in the final two sections.

The "Lankakhand," for example, portrays the ultimate battle symbolizing the conflict between good and evil; the kavitt meter is utilized to convey spectacular war scenes in this portion.

The last volume is "Uttarakhand," which accounts for more than half of the total work.

Tulsidas has written some autobiographical verses in this last section, and he repeats themes that can be found throughout much of his work: the degeneracy of the present age (Kali Yuga), a focus on devotion as the only means of salvation, and the power inherent in God's name, which can overcome any obstacles.

Parts of this last portion seem pessimistic, maybe reflecting the challenges of old age, yet there's a thread of optimism running through it all, implying that the author's faith in God's redemptive power will not be in vain.


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Hinduism - What Is Kavya?

 (“related to kavis”) is an extremely lengthy meter that lends itself well to extensive descriptions using alliteration; the poet-saint Tulsidas utilizes this meter with great effect to depict war scenes in his Kavitavali.

The most broad term for courtly poetry or lyrical prose, which is usually written in Sanskrit.

Such kavya was frequently composed and presented in a court environment, where originality and self-revelation were prized less than clever reworkings of classic forms.

The two-line stanza, which was a self-contained unit in terms of meaning, was the fundamental building block of such poetry.

Verses were written in a variety of meters, ranging from four to twenty-six syllables per half-line, and were embellished with numerous alamkaras ("figures of speech") to communicate the right mood (rasa) for the subject matter.

Single-verse epigrams, such as those of Bhartrhari, to long epic poems (mahakavyas), most famously those of Kalidasa, are examples of poetic genres.

Despite many allusions to religious life, such poetry was written largely for pleasure rather than moral exhortation, a focus that mirrors the court culture in which it was written.

The Gitagovinda of Jayadeva, a work thought to have been produced in the Jagannath temple in Puri and focusing on devotion to the deity Krishna as lord of the universe, is the lone exception to this pattern. 

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.