Showing posts with label Kumbhakarna. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kumbhakarna. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Kumbhakarna In Hindu Mythology?


 ("Pitcher-eared") Kumbhakarna is the brother of Ravana, the demon lord of Lanka, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

His large ears, as his name suggests, are his most notable facial feature.

Kumbhakarna is a reincarnation of Vijaya, Vishnu's gatekeeper, who was condemned to reincarnate three times as a demon, each time being destroyed by the deity Vishnu.

In their youth, Kumbhakarna and his brothers practiced severe austerity (tapas) in order to obtain boons from the gods.

Kumbhakarna means to seek "nirdevatvam" from the deity Brahma when he eventually appears to grant him boons (that he cannot be conquered by any of the gods).

The goddess Saraswati, who has control over speech, foils him at the crucial moment.

She dances on his tongue, perplexing his words and prompting him to ask for "nidravatvam" (sleepiness).

Kumbhakarna would sleep for six months at a stretch as a result of this blunder, then wake up to feast himself on food and drink for a brief period before falling asleep again.

The violent attempts to awaken Kumbhakarna so that he might participate in the fight account for some of the dramatic tension in the Ramayana's combat sections.

He fights bravely once woken, but is finally murdered by Rama.

Kumbhakarna, like all the demons, isn't completely bad.

He chastises Ravana for stealing Rama's wife, Sita, before fighting alongside Rama's army.

He also mentions that it is his responsibility as the younger brother to protect the family honor.

The demon Kumbhakarna is seen here upholding idealized Indian family values, with the younger brother supporting and defending his elder brother's interests in order to keep the family together.

Rama's younger brothers, Lakshmana and Bharata, have the same virtue.

Despite their hatred for one another, the epic's "heroes" and "villains" share significant principles.

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Hinduism - Who Is Kubera Or Kuber In The Hindu Panthen?

In Hindu mythology, a minor god who guards the northern quarter as one of the eight Guardians of the Directions.

Kubera is thought to reside in the Himalayan highlands, surrounded by legendary animals including yakshas, nagas, and kinnaras that serve him.

He is tremendously obese, and he is immensely rich, thanks to the mineral wealth stored in the mountains.

Kubera is the half-brother of Ravana, Lanka's demon king, as well as Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana.

Kubera had a different mother than the other three sons of the deity Vishravas.

Ravana snatches Kubera's aerial chariot, the Pushpak Viman, despite their relationship.

As a result of Ravana's infamous actions, Kubera backs Rama's attempts to defeat Ravana. 

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Hinduism - Who Is Jaya?


Vaikuntha, one of the gatekeepers of the deity Vishnu's celestial home, is cursed, along with his brother Vijaya, to be born three times as a demon (asura) and destroyed by Vishnu each time.

When they prevent Sanaka from seeing Vishnu, he bestows this curse on them.

The two are born as Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu, who are slaughtered by the Boar avatar and the Man-Lion avatar, respectively, in their first incarnation.

Ravana and Kumbhakarna are their second incarnations, and both are destroyed by Vishnu's Rama avatar.

They reincarnate as Shisupala and Dantavaktra in their last incarnation and are murdered by Vishnu's Krishna avatar.

They return to their responsibilities as Vishnu's guardians after the curse's criteria have been met.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.