Showing posts with label Manthara. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Manthara. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Manthara In Hindu Mythology?


Manthara is the hunchbacked maid of King Dasharatha's wife, Kaikeyi, in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics.

Kaikeyi's mind is steadily poisoned by Manthara's whisperings against Dasharatha's son Rama, the god-king who is the epic's protagonist.

She persuades the queen that if she and her son Bharata are permitted to survive after Rama is crowned Dasharatha's heir, they would be no better than slaves.

Kaikeyi is persuaded by Manthara to claim two boons that Dasharatha granted her years ago.

With the first boon, she orders Rama to be exiled to the jungle for fourteen years, and with the second, she orders Rama's son Bharata to be anointed heir in his stead.

The earliest version of the epic, Valmiki's Ramayana, portrays Manthara as a true villain.

Although, given the concept in karma, her physical impairments would have been perceived as showing moral and spiritual deformities as well, there is little explanation for her behavior.

Manthara's actions is finally attributed to the gods in the Ramayana, authored by the poet-saint Tulsidas (1532–1623? ), who send the goddess Saraswati to muddle Manthara's mind, putting in motion the sequence of events leading to the demon Ravana's destruction.

Tulsidas, in typical Tulsidas manner, gives the incident a more altruistic spin, linking it to Rama's ultimate reason for being born on Earth.

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Hinduism - Who Is Kaikeyi In Hindu Mythology?


Kaikeyi is the second wife of King Dasharatha, the mother of Bharata, and the foster mother of Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Kaikeyi is personally responsible for one of the epic's most heinous acts: forcing Rama into a fourteen-year exile in the forest, which is a crucial story point.

Despite her horrible deeds, she is not seen as a nasty person, but rather as a mother who acts out of love for her son but is plagued by poor judgment and bad advise.

Kaikeyi is overjoyed when Dasharatha declares that he plans to appoint Rama as the successor to the kingdom.

Rama has always held Bharata in the same regard as his own mother, Kausalya, and has regarded him as an equal.

Kaikeyi's psyche was steadily poisoned by her maid, Manthara, as the ceremony day neared.

Manthara persuades Kaikeyi that, after Rama is crowned heir-apparent, she and Bharata would be treated as chattel, or things, if they are permitted to live at all.

Kaikeyi's fear for her son drives her to take desperate measures.

Dasharatha had given Kaikeyi two boons, or gifts, for her assistance in winning a major battle many years previously.

She has never repaid these boons, but now asks that Dasharatha banish Rama to the wilderness for fourteen years and replace him with Bharata as king.

Dasharatha tries to persuade Kaikeyi to reconsider her decision, but she refuses.

Finally, he is obliged to give her desire.

Not only does Kaikeyi's request bring her shame from her husband, who blames her for separating him from Rama, but it also brings her shame from her kid.

Bharata chastises Kaikeyi for depriving Rama of something that is properly his, and he refuses to reign until Rama orders him to serve in his place during the exile.

Rama, who is depicted in the epic as serenely glad to accept his parents' orders, whatever they may be, is the only one who does not condemn her.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.