Showing posts with label Maya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Maya. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Yogmaya In The Hindu Pantheon?

 

Yogmaya is a powerful Goddess form known for her capacity to bewitch and perplex people—in other words, her ability to wield maya, the power of illusion.

Yogmaya is mentioned as the divinity who assumes the shape of a newborn girl and is subsequently slain by Krishna's cruel uncle, Kamsa, according to certain modern texts.

All the inmates of Kamsa's palace fall slumber under her enchantment the previous night, according to these texts, and Krishna's father, Vasudeva, is able to take the child away.

Yogmaya is said to have facilitated Krishna's clandestine rendezvous with the ladies of Braj later in his career—when Krishna plays his flute, the women come to him, but all the others fall under Yogmaya's influence and are oblivious of their absence.

Yogmaya is a strong goddess because of her capacity to manipulate maya; she is honored on the fourth day of Navaratri, the festival of the "nine nights" that are holy to the Goddess in her many incarnations.


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Hinduism - What Is Yoganidra?

 


("yoga slumber") The Goddess's epithet appears in the first episode of the Devi Mahatmya, the oldest and most authoritative document on the Goddess's mythology.

In this episode, the Goddess uses her power of illusion to lull Vishnu into a coma, rendering him unconscious to Brahma's screams for aid when he is threatened by the demons Madhu and Kaitabha.

When Brahma praises the Goddess, she withdraws her yogic slumber from Vishnu, allowing him to restore consciousness and save Brahma by destroying the demons.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - What Is Pasha In Shaiva Siddhanta Hindu Philosophical School?


 (“noose”) One of the weapons carried by several of the divinities in Indian mythology, including Ganesh and Yama.

The noose represents Ganesh's capacity to tie (and release) barriers as the "Lord of Obstacles," while Yama, the deity of death, uses it to pull the soul from the body upon death.

Pasha is also the term given to Shiva's power of illusion (maya), via which he entraps and enthralls unenlightened individuals in the Shaiva Siddhanta religious group (pashu).

The Shaiva Siddhanta school is defined by the trinity of pasha, pashu, and Shiva as lord (pati).


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Hinduism - What Is A Pashu? Who Is Considered A Pashu?

 


 (“beast”) The name for an unenlightened individual, who is considered to have a human body but is no better than an animal, in the philosophical system known as Shaiva Siddhanta and the secret, ritually based religious practice known as tantra.

This lack of consciousness is caused not by inborn dullness, but by the activity of maya, Shiva's power of illusion wielded as lord (pati).

The Shaiva Siddhanta school is defined by the triad of pashu, pati, and the bindings of illusion (pasha).


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Hinduism - What Is Maya In Hindu Philosophy?


The literal definition of Maya is "magic" or "illusion," with the sense of a magic performance or illusion in which items seem to be there but are not.

Maya is a term used in Hindu philosophy to explain how people get perplexed about the actual nature of the universe and themselves.

Such delusion keeps them bound to their wants and perpetuates the cycle of rebirth (samsara) that results from this; nonetheless, such individuals are blissfully unconscious of their enslavement.

Maya is often regarded as one of God's powers in Hindu theism, in which the highest power is viewed as a deity, and through which the deity may achieve his or her intentions; in this conception, maya is considered as an existing reality.

The Advaita Vedanta school, which advocates for monism, approaches maya in a somewhat different way.

Behind everything, according to Monism, is an one Ultimate Reality known as the unqualified Brahman.

Despite appearances of diversity and variation, the only thing that really exists is this formless, unqualified Brahman.

The presupposition of variety, according to Advaitins, is a basic misunderstanding of the ultimate essence of things.

God wields maya as a power, according to the Advaita school, but since God (as a being with specific traits) is considered lower than the greatest, ultimate Brahman, both God and maya are part of this lower reality.

As a result, both are unquestionably unreal.

Maya, according to the Advaitins, is confusion caused by a lack of accurate knowledge; the confusion vanishes when absolute emancipation is attained.


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Hinduism And Hindu Theology - What Is Maya?

The phrase 'Maya' is used in the Rig-veda to describe magical abilities, such as a deity's or demon's ability to alter form or generate illusory results by supernatural methods. 


  • It stands for incorrect knowledge, or the negative principle, in the Upanishads, which ascribes an identity and individuality to the manifestations of the multifarious cosmos aside from and independent of the one true reality, Brahma. 
  • There is just one reality, Brahma, according to the advaita theory. Nature's phenomenal universe and all creatures' identities have no genuine reality, but are illusory, the product of Maya. 
  • It is creation's transitory, negative, misleading curtain, nature's obscuring power (Sankara), and the outcome of avidya, or ignorance. 




According to another view of the issue, the universe is Brahma's sportive distraction (vilasa) or pastime (Ilia).


  • It's an outpouring of his irrational desire to become many (God). In created creatures, Maya creates moha (or mohana), a condition of delusion in which knowledge of the ultimate truth is lost, and befuddled persons believe in the truth of the visible world shown to their senses. 
  • It is a cosmic fallacy that casts a veil over men's perspective, leading them astray and into infatuation with the world and the body, and blinding them to their actual destiny. 
  • When it is comprehended that only Brahma is genuine, the veil of Maya is torn. Moksha, or salvation, is attained by those who possess this knowledge. 


Some philosophical systems, such as Kashmir Saivism, have attempted to explain how maya works. 


  • The ultimate and transcendental tattva, or essence, of Brahma is restricted and perverted by what is known as kanchuka in the mundane or material world. 
  • A kanchuka is a ‘restraining' vestment, similar to the husk that envelops the seed, and is therefore the limitation put on creation and all created things by the very act of their creation. 
  • This Imitation affects both mind and matter. As a consequence, Brahma's Eternality is limited by the kanchuka of kala or time, resulting in death. 
  • The kanchuka of dik or space limits Brahma's Omnipresence, giving rise to the illusion of individuality. 
  • The kanchuka of raga or desire, which leads to action and subsequent pain, limits Brahma's completeness. 
  • Brahma's Omniscience is limited by vijna, or learning, resulting in limited knowledge, or ignorance. 
  • The kanchuka of niyati, or fatality, limits Brahma's Omnipotence, resulting in dependency on things and causes the seeds of its own destruction to shoot out. 


Many legends exist about great sages who attempted to comprehend the importance of Maya. 


The story of the rishi Narada, who begged Vishnu to help him fathom this deep mystery, is the most well-known. Vishnu initially requested that the sage go gather some water from a nearby pool. 

On his journey, Narada met a young lady, fell in love with her, married her, and had multiple children. His children grew up and had children of their own, who had children of their own, who had children, who had children, and so on. 

As a result, Narada was able to observe several generations of his ancestors. Then he suffered a succession of calamities. His home burnt down, and one by one, his children died. 

The final survivor, his grandson's great-grandson, fell into a pool and drowned, and Narada reached into the water to rescue him, only to discover that he had simply dipped his hand into the water to gather water for Vishnu, who stood behind him. 


All of his experiences had been brought about by Maya. 


All life and experience are similarly merely Maya.


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