Showing posts with label Mohandas K. Gandhi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mohandas K. Gandhi. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Mohandas K. Gandhi?

Mohandas K. Gandhi was the leader of the Indian National Congress and one of the most well-known Indians in history.

He was one of the architects of the movement for Indian independence and one of the most well-known Indians in history.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, where his father served as a minister to a local ruler.

The British deposed the reigning prince for mismanagement shortly after Gandhi's father died, and the Gandhi family lost their status.

Gandhi was sent to London to study law, and it was at this time that he encountered a range of new ideas that would have a significant impact on his destiny.

Ironically, the Bhagavad Gita, an important Hindu holy work from which he derived continued inspiration later in life, was one of these inspirations.

Gandhi returned to India in 1891 and failed to establish a legal practice in Bombay, so he returned to Gujarat.

Gandhi went to South Africa in 1894 to work for a Muslim commercial company.

He meant to remain in South Africa for just a few months, but he ended up staying for twenty years.

He discovered his actual calling, political involvement, at this period.

This was triggered by his personal racial persecution, which included being pushed out of a train car designated for "whites only," and fuelled by the social, political, and legal disadvantages faced by South Africa's 40,000 Indians, the most of whom were illiterate farm labourers.

Gandhi developed and polished his core techniques in South Africa, including mass noncooperation, peaceful resistance, willingness to risk jail, and deft use of the print media to sway public opinion.

In 1914, he went to India, where he quickly rose to prominence as a key actor in the fight against the British, first for home rule and then for complete independence.

Gandhi's whole career was guided by his sincerely held moral principles.

He considered political involvement as a method of altruistic action for the good of the world, rather than a means of personal success.

This emphasis on unselfish behavior was significantly influenced by the Bhagavad Gita, in which the deity Krishna advises his companion and follower (bhakta), Arjuna, to follow a similar path.

Gandhi stayed devoted to nonviolence throughout his life.

Gandhi believed that the manner by which a goal was achieved had a significant impact on its character.

Truth was another of his fundamental values, as seen by his determination that evil and injustice had to be fought, even if it meant resorting to violence after all other options had failed.

Self-control was a third key concept, which he saw as a precondition for leading others.

His devotion to his ideals gave him the courage to face imprisonment, injuries, and more than thirty years of conflict with the British government; it also inspired him to crusade against many other injustices, including the concept of untouchability.

The partition of British India into India and Pakistan, motivated in part by Muslim anxieties about their minority position in an independent Hindu India, marred the arrival of freedom in 1947.

A major migration occurred as a result of the split, with fifteen million people migrating from one nation to the other.

It also caused unimaginable community strife, resulting in the deaths of an estimated one million people.

Gandhi was unable to avert division or establish good relations between the two nations despite his best efforts.

Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic who thought Gandhi was being too mild on Pakistan, only six months after India gained independence.

Throughout his life, Gandhi had detractors and opponents, many of whom believed he did not merit the sainthood bestowed upon him.

B.R.Ambedkar was one of Gandhi's detractors, believing that Gandhi had exploited the untouchables as pawns in discussions with the British because he opposed their separation from the broader political body.

Subhash Chandra Bose, who called for an armed fight against the British, and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a Hindu nationalist who was Godse's inspiration, were among his detractors.

See Mohandas K.Gandhi, An Autobiography, 1993; Louis Fischer, Gandhi, 1954; Mark Juergensmeyer, "Saint Gandhi," in John Stratton Hawley (ed.), Saints and Virtues, 1987; and Sudhir Kakar, "Gandhi and Women," in Intimate Relations, 1990 for further information. 

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