Showing posts with label Narasimhadeva. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Narasimhadeva. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Sun Temple In India?

 

 

Sun Temple is the common name of a specific Hindu temple dedicated to the sun.

The most well-known sun temple is located at Konarak, Orissa, on the Bay of Bengal's coast.

The temple was constructed by King Narasimhadeva (r.1238–1264), a member of the Ganga dynasty, and was designed to resemble the sun's chariot.

At the temple's lowest level, it features twelve huge wheels engraved on the sides, as well as sculptures of many gigantic horses in front.

The lower floors, like those of Khajuraho's temples, are covered with sensual and sexually graphic sculptures, to which many interpretations have been given: Some argue that they legitimize carnal pleasure as a religious route, while others consider them allegorical as expressing human unity with the divine, and yet others believe they teach that the craving for pleasure must be overcome in order to achieve the divine.

The temple was erected on a gigantic scale; the central spire, according to one estimate, would have been over 200 feet tall.

The sandy soil on which the temple plat form was constructed would not have been able to withstand the weight of such a massive edifice, hence it's unclear whether this spire was ever finished.

The most significant factor to the temple's decline has been the same unstable soil.

The jagamohan (assembly hall) is the only remaining building on the site, which was filled with sand in the nineteenth century to avoid further collapse.

For further detail, read Roy Craven's Indian Art, published in 1997.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - What Is The Man-Lion Or Nara-Simha Avatar Of Lord Vishnu?

 


Avatar of the Man-Lion. - The deity Vishnu's fourth avatar or incarnation; the man-form lion's is commonly shown as a lion's head and shoulders with a man's torso and legs.

The Man Lion avatar, like all of Vishnu's avatars, arrives to restore cosmic balance that has been thrown out of whack by some individual's inordinate strength.

The cause of problems in this situation is the demon-king Hiranyakashipu, who gets three boons from the gods thanks to his asceticism (tapas): he cannot be destroyed by man or beast, by day or night, inside or outside.

These boons make Hiranyakashipu almost invulnerable, and he goes on to conquer the world and expel the gods from heaven.

He oppresses his son Prahlada, who stays a true devotee (bhakta) of Vishnu despite his father's dominance.

The more devotion Prahlada exhibits to Vishnu, the more abuse he receives from his father, until Hiranyakashipu becomes enraged at the prospect of someone refusing to worship him and kills Prahlada.

Prahlada appeals to Vishnu for assistance, and the Man-Lion emerges from a pillar in the palace, neither man nor beast.

The Man-Lion captures Hiranyakashipu at the palace entryway, which is neither inside nor outside, and uses his keen claws to rip out the demon's innards, killing him.

Vishnu appoints the saintly Prahlada as monarch of the kingdom after Hiranyakashipu is murdered.

This behavior illustrates a crucial fact about Hindu reality perception.

Despite the fact that Prahlada is a "devil" (asura), he is neither intrinsically malevolent or a creature to be eradicated.

In the Hindu world, all sorts of entities have their due place; the difficulty arises when they acquire excessive power and utilize it for their own objectives.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.




Hinduism - Where Is Konarak Or Konark In India?


Village on the Bay of Bengal in Orissa, approximately 40 miles east of Bhubaneshvar, the state capital.

The Sun Temple in Konarak is well-known.

The temple was erected by king Narasimhadeva (r. 1238–1264), a ruler of the Ganga dynasty, and is now in ruins.

The whole temple was designed to resemble the sun's chariot, with twelve massive wheels engraved on the temple's lowest level and sculptures of many huge horses in front of it.

The temple's lower levels, like Khajuraho's, are covered with sexual engravings, leading to a variety of interpretations: Some interpret the carvings allegorically as representing human oneness with the divine, while others argue they condone sexual pleasure as a holy path.

Others interpret them as teaching that the desire for pleasure must be conquered in order to reach the divine.

The temple was constructed on a grand scale.

The huge center spire, according to one estimate, would have stood over 200 feet tall.

The sandy soil at the base of the spire would not have been able to withstand the weight of such a massive construction, hence it is unknown whether it was ever finished.

The most significant factor in the temple's decline has been the unstable soil.

The jagamohan is the main building that has survived at the site (assembly hall).

The hall was filled with sand in the nineteenth century to keep it from collapsing further.

For further detail, read Roy Craven's Indian Art, published in 1997. 


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.