Showing posts with label Panini. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Panini. Show all posts

Hinduism - ACARYA


Who Is An Acarya?

A teacher is referred to as Acarya in Sanskrit.

It is derived from acara, 'course,' according to Nirukta 1.4, although Katyayana and maybe also Panini regarded it as 'the one to be approached' (Scharfe 2002: 90f.).

The upanayana in the Veda creates a link between the acarya and the brahmacarin, who resides in the teacher's home (acarya-kula, later called gurukula).

Normally, an acarya had a small number of pupils, although some reports record huge groups, with assisting instructors (Scharfe 2002: 220).

Acarya also refers to a master artisan who instructs a student (Scharfe 2002: 265).

Although the terms guru and acarya are sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the same individual, acarya denotes his authority in his field, whilst guru denotes the respect and adoration owed to him (Hara 1980).

Acarya may be appended to any name, such as Dron-acarya (Drona), Sankaracarya, and so on (Sankara).

Dignaga, a Buddhist logician, is simply known as Acarya by his disciples.

Acarya, or 'minister' in English, is the title given to Brahmo Samaj preachers.

~Kiran Atma

See also: 

Brahmo Samaj, Drona, Guru, Katyayana, Nirukta, Panini, Sankara,Upanayana, Veda

References And Further Reading:

Hara, Minoru. 1980. ‘Hindu Concepts of Teacher: Sanskrit guru and acarya’. In M. Nagaromi, B.K. Matilal, J.M. Masson and E. Dimock, eds, Sanskrit and Buddhist Studies: Essays in Honour of Daniel H.H. Ingalls. Dordrecht: Reidel, 93–118.

Scharfe, Hartmut. 2002. Education in Ancient India. (Handbuch der Orientalistik, Section 2, vol. 16.) Leiden: Brill.

Hinduism - Who Was Patanjali?

Sanskrit grammarian and author of the Mahabhashya ("Great Commentary") on Panini's Ashtadhyayi (second century B.C.E.).

Panini's work was composed of a sequence of short sentences or aphorisms that were meant to provide a thorough definition of the language in the shortest amount of time.

Panini's text was a miracle of economy and memorability, but it was so opaque that it almost demanded a commentary, which Patanjali delivered.

Patanjali's Mahabhashya is significant not only for his explanation of Panini's language, but also for the historical information included in his examples.

The Yoga Sutras are also attributed to Patanjali, but as they are thought to have been written many centuries after the Mahabhashya, the writers are thought to be two separate persons with the same name.

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Hinduism - What Is The Mahabhashya?


 ("Excellent remark") Patanjali, the grammarian, wrote a commentary on Panini's Ashtadhyayi in the second century B.C.E.

Panini's work describes all forms of the Sanskrit language in detail and accuracy, and it became the norm for the language following his time.

Although the Ashtadhyayi is regarded as a masterpiece, the fact that it is composed as a succession of aphorisms or sutras seems to encourage more thorough interpretation.

Each of these aphorisms serves as a foundation for the ones that follow.

Panini's ultimate goal is to provide a comprehensive description of the language in the shortest amount of time feasible.

Patanjali not only expands and expounds Panini's grammar, but also provides some useful knowledge of his own.

The oldest known reference to the Greeks is found in the Mahabhashya.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.