Showing posts with label Purva Mimamsa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Purva Mimamsa. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Purva ("Earlier") Mimamsa In Indian Philosophy?

 


Purva Mimamsa is one of the six classic Hindu philosophical schools, most often known as Mimamsa ("investigation").

It was given the name Purva Mimamsa to differentiate it from the Uttara ("Later") Mimamsa school, better known as Vedanta.

The name Mimamsa is suitable since it emphasizes the study of dharma ("good behavior"), notably as revealed in the Vedas, the oldest and most authoritative Hindu religious literature.

Mimamsas thought that the Vedas were the source of perfect knowledge, and that the Vedas were not created by God or humans, but rather were simply heard by ancient sages via their great abilities of perception, and then passed down orally from generation to generation.

The Mimamsas created sophisticated rules for textual interpretation to determine these since they considered the Vedas as the major source of authority and claimed that the Vedas included norms and prescriptions related to dharma.

It is for these rules that they are most known.

Mimamsas believed in the presence of the soul and in the necessity of deeds and their effects, as embodied in the concept of karma, both of which are supported by the Vedas.

The Mimamsas believed that the effect of an action existed as an invisible force called apurva in circumstances when the result came some time after the deed.

This power would dependably produce the desired outcome, thereby preserving the Vedic truth.

The Mimamsas were less united in their belief in God's existence.

The author of the Mimamsa Sutras and the school's founder, Jaimini (4th century B.C.E. ), seemed to disregard the subject entirely, whereas Kumarila, a 1,000-year-old Mimamsa luminary, argued against the presence of God.

Mimamsas made contributions to logic and epistemology in addition to establishing strategies for reading the Vedas.

One of their most noteworthy contributions was the formulation of two new pramanas, or ways for humans to attain real and exact knowledge.


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Hinduism - What Is The Mimamsa Sutras?

 


Mimamsa Sutras is the founding text of the Purva Mimamsa school, one of the six schools of traditional Hindu philosophy.

The Mimamsa Sutras are traditionally attributed to the sage Jaimini, who is believed to have lived in the fourth century B.C.E.

The Mimamsa school was most concerned with the investigation of dharma (“righteous action”), believed to be revealed in the Vedas, the earliest Hindu religious texts.

Much of Mimamsa thought is concerned with principles and methods for textual interpretation, to discover and interpret the instructions contained in the Vedas.

The Mimamsa Sutras were elaborated in numerous commentaries, the most famous of which were written by Kumarila and Prabhakara in the seventh century.

For further information and text, see Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore (eds.), A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy, 1957.


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Hinduism - Who Is Medhatithi In Hindu Philosophy?

 


Medhatithi is a Sanskrit word that means "to ponder (mid-9th c.) 

Medhatithi  is also the name of the writer of the authoritative commentary on the Manu Smrti, popularly known as the "Laws of Manu," was written by him.

Medhatithi was taught textual interpretation techniques developed by the Purva Mimamsa school, one of Hindu philosophy's six schools.

His commentary immediately became the acknowledged standard because of his interpretative ability.


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Hinduism - Who Was Jaimini?

 


 (4th c. B.C.E.?) The Mimamsa Sutras, the core writings of the Purva Mimamsa school, one of India's six schools of thought, are typically attributed to him.

The Mimamsa school is particularly concerned with dharma ("righteous deed") investigation and pursuit.

The Mimamsa thought that the Vedas, the earliest Hindu religious writings, supplied all required teachings in their pursuit of dharma.

Given these two assumptions, much of Mimamsa thinking is dedicated to the concepts and techniques of textual interpretation that they utilized to decipher the instructions they believed the Vedas contained.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.