Showing posts with label Ramakrishna. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ramakrishna. Show all posts



Madame Marie Louise/Swami Abhayananda, one of Swami Vivekananda's first two Western-born followers, was initiated into sannyasa in 1895 by Swami Vivekananda in the United States.

She had been connected with radical movements in New York, where she had resided as a naturalized American citizen, while being French by origin.

She threatened to switch her allegiance to Theosophy in 1897, citing a lack of support as head of the New York Vedanta Society during Vivekananda's absence in England.

She founded the Advaita Society in Chicago shortly after.

Abhayananda left the Ramakrishna organization in 1899 after teaching independently in India, reportedly because Vivekananda had preached that Ramakrishna was an avatar, however Vivekananda's adherents have ascribed her behavior to personal ambition.

She went on to develop the New York-based School of Mind and Soul Culture.

Kiran Atma

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See also: 

Avatara; Ramakrishna Math and Mission; Ramakrishna, Sri; Samnyasa; Theosophy and the Theosophical Society; Vivekananda, Swami

References And Further Reading:

French, H.W. 1974. The Swan’s Wide Waters. New York: Kennikat Press.

Hinduism - Who Was Swami Vivekananda?



Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath Datta, 1863–1902).

The first Hindu missionary to the West and a well-known follower of Bengali mystic Ramakrishna.

Narendranath had a solid education and had planned to become a lawyer; when he first met Ramakrishna, he was cautious and distrustful, but over the course of a year, he was changed.

After Ramakrishna's death, he spent many years wandering around India, eventually realizing that religious life needed to serve both India's material and spiritual problems.

Vivekananda is most known for his speech to the First World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893, in which he introduced Hinduism—in its logical, Vedantic form—to his Western audience for the first time.

He spoke throughout America and England for the following four years before returning to India to great acclaim.

He spent the remainder of his brief life promoting the Ramakrishna Mission, a religious organization dedicated to both social and religious improvement.

For more information, see Christopher Isherwood's Ramakrishna and His Disciples, 1965; Swami Vivekananda's Swami Vivekananda's Complete Works, 1970; and George M. Williams' "Swami Vivekananda" and "The Ramakrishna Movement: A Study in Religious Change," both in Robert D. Baird's Religion in Modern India, 1998.

Kiran Atma

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.