Showing posts with label Sama Veda. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Sama Veda. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Yajur Veda?

 

The Yajur Veda is a Hindu scripture.

The third of the four Vedas, according to tradition.

The Yajur Veda, like the Rg Veda and the Sama Veda, was linked with sacrificial rites, and the book itself is mostly composed of mantras to be recited while the sacrifice was being performed.

There are five primary recensions of the Yajur Veda, four of which are "black" and one of which is "white." Their variances are due to the placement of explanatory notes on the mantras and the significance of these annotations: The annotations are included in the text of the Black Yajur Veda recensions, but the White Yajur Veda collects them in an appendix known as a Brahmana—specifically, the Shatapatha Brahmana—and this Brahmana literature forms the next major layer of Vedic texts.


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Hinduism - What Is Yajna?

 

Yajna is a Sanskrit word that means “sacrifice”. 

The basic religious act in the oldest stratum of Indian religion was a fire sacrifice.

The Brahmana literature elaborates on this worship of sacrifice in considerable detail, portraying sacrifice as the mechanism by which the cosmos came into existence.

The sacrifice required highly skilled priestly technicians (rtvij), who were in charge of singing portions of the Rg, Sama, and Yajur Vedas, as well as creating and keeping the holy fire at the center of the sacrificial activity.

This sacrificial ritual was focused on burning items in a holy fire, which was thought to be the deity Agni, so that Agni might deliver the sacrifices to the other gods.

These ceremonies were so intricate and costly that they soon fell out of favor; by the turn of the common period, there was also a lot of skepticism regarding the animal sacrifices that were formerly a big element of many of these rites.

These old ceremonies are no longer practiced, but the term yajna may now be used to any ceremony involving the holy fire, especially one conducted by a brahmin for a patron.


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Hinduism - What Are The Veda?

 



A Sanskrit word that in its essence means "“knowledge”.  The earliest and most authoritative collection of Hindu holy scriptures, also known as shruti ("heard").

These words, according to legend, were not written by humans but rather by the original vibrations of the universe itself.


The ancient sages, whose perceptual powers had been refined by arduous religious practice, were able to "hear" and comprehend these vibrations, and they were able to transfer them to others in a lineage of learning.

On one level, the word veda appears in the titles of four separate texts: the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda, each with its own purpose and substance.


The Vedic hymns (samhitas), the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads all use the word veda to refer to the information found in these works or its appendices.

Although these four collections of writings are all deemed Vedic, their forms and characteristics are vastly diverse.

The samhitas are praise songs dedicated to certain deities, and they are mostly found in the Rig Veda and the Sama Veda.

The Brahmanas, on the other hand, are precise ritual manuals that outline how to conduct intricate sacrifice ceremonies; the Aranyakas and Upanishads, on the other hand, are theoretical musings on the nature of the world.


The Vedas were regarded so holy that they were not written down for 3,000 years, instead being passed down orally, a method of transmission that is still used today.

The Vedas' power derives not from their exact meaning, but from the sound of them, which is the same sound heard by the sages thousands of years ago.

To keep this tradition alive, Hindus devised a complex system of mnemonics to guarantee that the writings were not changed or damaged, keeping their power.


~Kiran Atma


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