Showing posts with label Sita. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Sita. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Surasa In Hindu Mythology?

 

Surasa is the mother of all the Nagas, a class of lesser divinities who take the shape of serpents in Hindu mythology.

Surasa assumes the shape of a monstrous snake in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics, to test the fortitude of the monkey-god Hanuman, who leaps across the sea to Lanka in quest of Sita, the deity Rama's kidnapped wife.

Surasa informs Hanuman that no one can pass through her mouth without going through her mouth, and Hanuman responds by becoming bigger and larger.

Surasa's jaws spread wider and wider, and Hanuman shrinks to the point where he darts in and out of her mouth.

Surasa, impressed by Hanuman's cleverness and bravery, bestows her blessing on him.


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Hinduism - Who Is Ravana In Hindu Mythology?

 

Ravana is the ten-headed demon ruler of Lanka in the Ramayana, the first of the two major Indian epics.

Vishnu, in his incarnation as Rama, is born to vanquish Ravana.

Ravana is the reincarnation of Vishnu's guardian Jaya, who was cursed by a guru to be reincarnated three times as a demon, each time being destroyed by Vishnu.

Ravana is a rakshasa, a sort of demon with enormous physical strength and a variety of magical abilities.

In Indian culture, rigorous physical asceticism (tapas) is commonly thought to develop spiritual strength and bring boons from the gods, and he uses it to supplement these natural powers.

When the deity Brahma comes and instructs Ravana to pick his boon, Ravana demands that he be able to be slain only by humans.

This effectively makes him immortal, since his abilities are such that no average human will be able to injure, much alone kill him.

Ravana then proceeds to torment the gods, certain that they would be unable to stop him.

He starts with his half-brother Kubera, a lesser god who loses his house and all he has to Ravana.

Ravana's near-invulnerability gets the better of him, and the mighty demon starts to break all moral and ethical conventions.

He has a history of abusing and kidnapping women, which has resulted in a slew of curses from his defenseless victims, many of which prophesy his demise.

Rama's brother Lakshmana mutilates his sister Shurpanakha as a consequence of one of these curses.

Ravana is determined to revenge this insult, and he believes that abducting Rama's wife Sita is the best way to do it.

Ravana steadfastly refuses to listen to his wife Mandodari and brothers, who chastise him for his actions and implore him to return Sita and make peace with Rama.

His inflated pride and desire to revenge his sister's insult deafens him to their advice, and he pays the price for his obstinacy with his life when Rama kills him in combat.

Ravana, like other demons, isn't wholly evil by nature, but he is very strong and imperfect at the same time.

Ravana is said to be a devotee (bhakta) of the deity Shiva, and the Shivatandava Stotra, a hymn to the dancing Shiva, is sometimes credited to him.


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Hinduism - Who Is Mandodari In Hindu Mythology?


Mandodari is the wife of the demon-king Ravana and the mother of Indrajit, Atikaya, and Akshakumara in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Despite being Ravana's devoted and faithful wife, Mandodari often tells him that he made a mistake by stealing Rama's wife Sita.

She begs him to reach an agreement with Rama before fighting becomes inevitable.

Ravana refuses to do so because of pride and a desire to revenge his sister Shurpanakha's mutilation by Rama's brother Lakshmana.

Ravana's obstinacy ultimately cost him his life.


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Hinduism - Who Is Lakshmana In Hindu Mythology?


Lakshmana is one of King Dasharatha's sons with his wife Sumitra, and the younger half-brother of Rama, the epic's protagonist, in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

Lakshmana is the ideal younger brother throughout the Ramayana, living only to serve and assist Rama.

When Rama is exiled to the forest for fourteen years, Lakshmana follows him like a shadow the whole time, first as a forest ascetic, looking for Rama's stolen wife Sita, then fighting heroically in the battle with Ravana's army, and ultimately returning to serve Rama at his court in Ayodhya.

Many of the Ramayana's characters are archetypes for Indian cultural beliefs.

As with his brother Bharata, Lakshmana represents the perfect younger brother.

Brothers are the center of the joint family in northern India.

Sisters, on the other hand, stay at home after marriage and live with their married families.

Every generation's oldest brother ultimately ascends to the position of joint family leader.

The oldest brother, who has main authority and responsibility for the whole family, cannot thrive without the participation of his younger brothers, who must respect and support his authority.

Lakshmana is a devoted younger brother in his devotion to Rama and his full disregard for his own wants.

Lakshmana is far from faultless, despite his courage, heroism, and complete devotion to Rama.

He lacks Rama's tolerance and discernment, and he acts before he thinks.

When Bharata pursues the two brothers after they have gone into exile, Lakshmana assumes that Bharata is taking advantage of the chance to murder them in order to smooth his path to the throne.

Lakshmana plots to assassinate Bharata, but Rama's logic prevents a disaster.

Shurpanakha, a demon princess and sister of Ravana, Lanka's demon-king, is Lakshmana's most grievous blunder in judgment.

When she makes sexual approaches toward Lakshmana, he mocks her before mutilating her.

Ravana kidnaps Rama's wife, Sita, in order to exact vengeance on the brothers.

Lakshmana, like all the characters in the Ramayana, is neither good nor bad; he has many qualities as well as some serious defects. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Lankalakshmi In The Hindu Pantheon?

 


Lankalakshmi is the name of the guardian goddess of Lanka, the demon-king Ravana's capital city, in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics.

Lankalakshmi is also the reincarnation of Vijayalakshmi, the goddess who was cursed by Brahma to serve as Lanka's guardian deity.

The curse will endure until an invader in the city defeats her, foreshadowing Ravana's demise.

The appearance of the monkey-god Hanuman, who jumps over the ocean in quest of the goddess Sita, whom Ravana has kidnapped, leads to this defeat.

In her role as a guardian goddess, Lankalakshmi sees Hanuman as an invader and assaults him.

Hanuman uses a tremendous strike to knock her out, ending the spell and signaling Ravana's demise. 



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Hinduism - Who Is Kabandha In Hindu Mythology?

 


 ("trunk with no head") In the Ramayana (the older of the two major Hindu epics), a demon confronts the epic's protagonist, god-king Rama, and Rama's brother Lakshmana.

Kabandha was a monarch of the gandharvas, or heavenly musicians, in a previous incarnation, but his head was thrust down into his body after a fight with the god Indra.

When Kabandha asks for a way to eat, Indra inserts a mouth into Kabandha's stomach.

When Rama and Lakshmana chop off his arms, Indra promises him that the curse will be broken.

As Rama and Lakshmana seek a jungle for Rama's abducted wife Sita, Kabandha approaches them and grips each of them in one of his extended arms.

When they realize they can't get away, Rama and Lakshmana each slice off one of his arms, and Kabandha requests the brothels to burn his corpse with his dying breaths.

The gandharva king emerges from the flames in his former form and instructs the brothers to seek aid from the monkey-king Sugriva while the corpse burns.

 

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Hinduism - Who Is Janaka In Hindu Mythology?


The goddess Sita's foster father.

He came upon her one day while plowing a farm furrow.

Janaka represents the sage-king in Hindu mythology, a person who, despite his riches and rank, was as dispassionate as any hermit dwelling in the jungle.

 


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Hinduism - Who Is Jambhavan In Hindu Mythology?


Jambhavan is a minister of Sugriva, king of the monkeys, in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics.

Jambhavan is often characterized as a bear, yet he is also described as a monkey in certain accounts.

Jambhavan persuades the monkey-god Hanuman to undertake a crossing of the ocean to Lanka in the quest for Rama's stolen wife Sita, reminding Hanuman of his birth, actions, and heavenly boons.

Although Hanuman first doubts his abilities, he is persuaded by Jambhavan's encouragement and jumps over the sea to Lanka, where he ultimately discovers Sita.

 


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Hinduism - Who Is Indrajit In Hindu Mythology? What Does Indrajit Mean?

 


 ("Indra's Conqueror") Indrajit is the son of the demon-king Ravana and his wife Mandodari in the Ramayana, the earlier of the two major Indian epics.

He is presented as the son of the deity Shiva himself in some later versions of the Ramayana, having been born after his mother had married Ravana.

Indrajit, like his father, is a great Shiva devotee (bhakta), and as a result of his devotion, Shiva teaches Indrajit how to become invisible.

This ability is clearly incredibly useful to a fighter, and it allows Indrajit to conquer Indra's celestial kingdom and return Indra to Lanka as a prisoner, thus his name.

Brahma travels to Ravana's realm of Lanka to secure Indra's freedom, in exchange for which Indrajit requests physical immortality.

When informed that this is impossible, Indrajit seeks a different power: that if he makes a particular sacrifice, he would be given horses and a chariot, allowing him to kill every opponent he encounters while riding in the chariot.

Indrajit undertakes this sacrifice as the god-king Rama and his companions are invading Lanka in an attempt to reclaim Rama's stolen wife Sita.

Brahma warns Rama of the danger, so he sends his brother Lakshmana to stop it.

Lakshmana successfully disturbs the sacrifice and kills Indrajit in the subsequent struggle.

 


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