Showing posts with label Vedangas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vedangas. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Nirukta In Hindu Philosophy?

 (“explanation”) These were the ancillary disciplines of knowledge related to the Vedas, the earliest Hindu holy writings.

Nirukta is interested in the origins of archaic terms and their etymological interpretations.

This seemed to be a severe issue, since about a fourth of the Vedic terms appear just once, and their pre cise meanings became either obscure or unknown over time.

Yaska the grammarian wrote the most renowned nirukta manuscript, known simply as the Nirukta, in the fifth century B.C.E.

His work was very useful to subsequent readers, but it is apparent that the meanings of many of these phrases had grown dubious and ambiguous even in Yaska's day.

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar), chandas (Sanskrit prosody), kalpa (ritual instructions), shiksha (correct pronunciation), and jyotisha are the other Vedangas (auspicious times for sacrifices).

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

Hinduism - What Is Jyotisha?

The term jyotisha refers to astrology in its broadest sense.

The term is derived from jyotis ("light," and by extension, heavenly bodies), and it refers to the movement of celestial bodies, their many configurations, and the temporal divisions that result from them.

Jyotisha is one of the six Vedangas, or auxiliary fields of knowledge related to the ancient books known as the Vedas, and it is one of the oldest cultural concerns.

Jyotisha, as one of the Vedangas, was concerned with determining the best days and times to conduct Vedic sacrifices.

Many traditional Hindus, even in contemporary times, take astrology extremely seriously, based on the belief that one's prior karma causes one to be born at a certain period.

The alignment of the celestial bodies at the moment of birth, or one's natal horoscope, therefore gives a karmic "itinerary" indicating where one has gone and what one might anticipate in the future.

People often consult astrology when making major choices, notably when planning weddings—to establish the couple's compatibility, to see if any problem is on the horizon, and to schedule the event at an auspicious or fortunate period.

Similarly, some Hindus may contact an astrologer before embarking on any major project to ensure that it will begin at an auspicious time and so be more likely to succeed.

Indian astrology's fundamental concepts are remarkably similar to those of Western astrology.

The signs of the zodiac are substantially similar.

However, the two systems use different methods to determine the beginning point of each sign, resulting in some differences.

In Indian astrology, in addition to the sun, moon, and five visible planets, there are two more planets, Rahu and Ketu, which are both considered inauspicious and malicious.

In addition to the twelve signs of the solar zodiac, Indian astrology features a lunar zodiac with twenty-seven "lunar mansions" (nakshatras) each with its own set of characteristics.

Although astrological reckoning is quite straightforward at its most basic level, it may soon become extremely complicated, therefore it is usually left to experienced astrologers.

In most of India, this is still a viable career, since the widely held idea that some times are auspicious and others are unfavorable means that ordinary people would engage professionals to keep them informed about certain periods.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.