Showing posts with label Vijayanagar Empire. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vijayanagar Empire. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Harihara Of The Vijayanagar Empire?

 


Harihara (early 14th c.) - The founder of the Vijayanagar ("city of triumph") empire, which reigned over most of southern India for the next two centuries after it was founded in 1336.

The empire was named after Harihara's capital city, which was located near the modern-day city of Hampi in Karnataka.

Harihara was kidnapped as a child by Bahmani sultanate forces in the north and converted to Islam while in captivity, making him an outcast among conventional Hindus.

Harihara was dispatched as a young man to reclaim the sultanate's southern territory, but instead utilized the chance to establish his own empire.

Harihara reverted to Hinduism after obtaining power, despite having become an outcast for accepting Islam.

His case exemplifies both the mobility of religious identification in early medieval India and Hindu pragmatism in the face of the reigning forces.

Despite the fact that Harihara had previously been an outcast, his influence as monarch provided him the authority to convert without opposition. 


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Hinduism - Where Is Halebid, Belur, And Hampi?


Village in Karnataka, India's southernmost state, some sixty miles northwest of Mysore.

Halebid, like its sister city Belur, is famed for its magnificent collection of Hoysala temples, which dominated western Karnataka from the eleventh to thirteenth century C.E.

The beautiful Hoysaleshvar Temple, dedicated to Shiva in his incarnation as Lord of the Hoysalas, is the most prominent structure at Halebid.

The temples at both Belur and Halebid were made of a special form of stone known as chlorite schist, steatite, or soapstone, which is soft when first mined but hardens with exposure to air.

The stone's early malleability makes it easier to cut, resulting in the rich detail seen in Hoysala temples.

Hoysala temples are distinguished by two architectural features: a central hall connecting three star-shaped sanctuaries, and temple towers (shikharas) made up of well-defined horizontal tiers rather than the continuous upward sweep typical of northern Indian Nagara architecture.

Hampi is a deserted city in central Karnataka, some 170 miles northwest of Bangalore, the state capital.

Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagar empire (1336–1565 C.E.), which ruled much of the Indian peninsula south of the Narmada River during its apex in the early sixteenth century.

The empire's prosperity was derived mostly from its dominance of the spice and cotton trades, both of which were immensely important commodities at the period, and the city of Hampi was constructed on a scale to reflect this.

After the battle of Talikota in 1565, when the last Vijayanagar ruler, Rama Raja, was defeated by a coalition of Muslim sultans from the Deccan, the kingdom came to an end abruptly.

Invading sultans devastated the city, which has been desolate ever since.



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