Showing posts with label Vikramaditya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vikramaditya. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Vikramaditya?

 

 

(“Sun of Prowess”) Title taken by King Chandra Gupta II(r.376–415) as a symbol of his royal mastery.

This monarch is traditionally identified as the Vikramaditya who established the Vikram era, but because the Vikram era was established a little less than sixty years before the common era, this claim is clearly untenable.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - What Is The Vikram Era Dating System?

 




One of the most common dating systems, particularly in northern India.


It is generally believed that the Vikram era takes its name from King Vikramaditya of Ujjain, who is supposed to have ruled over much of India.

The Vikram era date is fifty-six or fifty-seven years later than that of the com mon era; the discrepancy stems from the differing first days of the year in the two systems.


In the common era the year begins on January 1, but in the Vikram era the year begins with the sun’s transition into Aries, considered in India as occurring on April 14.



Hence, to convert a Vikram era date to a common era date, one subtracts fifty-six years for dates between January 1 and April 14, and fifty-seven years for dates between April 15 and December 31.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Where Is Mahakaleshvar In India?

 

 

In the holy city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, there is a temple and a sacred spot (tirtha).

The temple is called after the temple's principal deity, the god Shiva as the "Lord of Death." 

At Mahakaleshvar, Shiva is represented with a linga, a pillar-shaped figure.

The Mahakaleshvar linga is one of the twelve jyotirlingas, or Shiva's special places on the planet.

The linga is located in a subterranean area that can only be accessed by passing via a lengthy, dark path.

This sentence might be seen as a metaphor for death's gloom and fear.

Worship at Mahakaleshvar is said to safeguard one from dying too soon or too soon, and to provide spiritual emancipation after death (moksha).

Ujjain has a long and illustrious history as a spiritual, economic, and political center.

It is one of the Seven Sacred Cities (Saptapuri) and is home to a number of significant religious sites.

King Vikramaditya, the founder of the Vikram Era, is supposed to have made Ujjain his capital.

It prospered commercially as a result of the trade routes that ran through it.


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Hinduism - Who Is Kalidasa?


 (fifth century?) He is widely regarded as the greatest Sanskrit writer, known for his knowledge of the language as well as his ability to elicit lyrical feeling (rasa) in his listeners.

There is little definitive information concerning Kalidasa's life; even his birth and death dates have been disputed.

Kalidasa was an ignorant rural kid, according to folklore.

He was portrayed as a suitor for an educated princess who had promised to marry only a man who could beat her in a silent argument—that is, a discussion in which gestures were used instead of words—as a joke.

Through happenstance and mutual misinterpretation, Kalidasa "defeated" the princess and married her.

When the princess discovered Kalidasa's illiteracy, she kicked him out of the home and told him he couldn't come back until he was educated.

In despair, he went to a temple dedicated to the goddess Kali and was ready to make a human sacrifice when Kali arrived and bestowed complete knowledge of Sanskrit onto him.

"Have you achieved competence in [Sanskrit] speech?" his wife is said to have questioned him upon his return.

"Asti kascit vagviseshatah?" says the narrator.

Kalidasa responded slowly, utilizing the three lines from his wife's query as the initial words of his three greatest works: Kumarasambhava, Meghaduta, and Raghuvamsha.

He's also the creator of the Abhijnanashakuntala, Vikramorvashiya, and Malavikagnimitra tragedies.

These writings are said to have earned him the favour of monarch Vikramaditya, whose court Kalidasa is typically connected with.

Kalidasa's extraordinary gift of learning is also said to have caused his death, according to legend.

Kalidasa saw his wife as his guru or religious instructor since she had sparked his interest in study.

He denied any sexual intercourse with her out of respect.

She cursed him to die at the hands of a woman, enraged at his rejection.

A king created a line of poem many years later and gave a great reward to the person who could write the finest finish.

While enjoying the company of a prostitute, Kalidasa learned about the competition and simply produced the ideal finish.

The courtesan stabbed and murdered Kalidasa in her desire for the reward.

Despite the fact that her crime was uncovered and she was punished, this narrative exemplifies Hindu belief in fate's inexorable force, especially when it is fueled by a curse.

 


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