Showing posts with label Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Show all posts



Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883–1996), better known as Veer Savarkar, created an organization in 1902 with the goal of attaining India's complete independence from the British.

This was to be accomplished via any means necessary, including military conflict and bloodshed.

The organization was founded when Savarkar was a student at Ferguson College in Pune, and it quickly grew into a breeding ground for young revolutionaries from the area.

In 1906, he travelled to the United Kingdom to study law at Grays Inn, and while there, he founded India House, a gathering place for Indian students, as a branch of the organization.

The Abhinav Bharat Society reflected its founder's ideals, which were at contrast with Gandhi's nonviolence.

Many young Indians were drawn to the organization by the impassioned language promoting violence heard at its gatherings, and many important members of the first Congress government were previously members.

After the assassination of Curzon Wylic in London by Madan Lal Dhingra, a staunch follower of the cause, the organization gained recognition.

Many of the organization's founding members were executed by the British or spent years in exile in the Andaman Islands.

Savarkar was exiled or imprisoned for twenty-seven years, keeping him apart from the Indian people.

Kiran Atma

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

See also: 

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand; Nationalism; Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar

Hinduism - What Is The Philosophy And Notion Of Hindutva In Contemporary India?

 (“Hindu-ness”) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a political figure, was the first to propose the notion.

It was initially published in a booklet named Hindutva/Who is a Hindu? and serves as the foundation for current Hindu nationalism.

Despite their strong geographical, cultural, linguistic, and religious diversity, Savarkar's argument was that Hindus were a nation; moreover, he defined a Hindu as anybody who regarded India both fatherland and sacred country.

This wide concept included all of the diversity seen in Hindu culture in India.

However, it was evident that it was aiming for the lowest common denominator.

Rather than abstract concepts of being "Hindu," most Indians' identities are generally founded on real regional, linguistic, or sectarian reasons.

However, it is vital to highlight who this broad definition excludes: India's most prominent minorities, Muslims and Christians, who are ostracized because of their "foreign" sacred places.

According to this view, Hindus "belong" in India merely by being Hindus, but Muslims and Christians, regardless of how long their family have resided in India, are always considered outsiders.

The Rashtriya Svayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a modern conservative Hindu organization, and its allied groups, primarily the Vishva Hindu Parishad, and to a lesser degree the Bharatiya Janata Party, hold Hindutva philosophy as a core tenet.

Hindutva values are also popular in Hindu-nationalist groups like the Shiv Sena, which blend Hindu and regional identities.

Christophe Jaffrelot, The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, 1996, is a good source of information. 

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.