Showing posts with label individual. Show all posts
Showing posts with label individual. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Purusha In Hindu Samkhya Philosophy?


 ("individual") One of the Samkhya philosophical school's two essential initial principles, the other being prakrti ("nature").

The dual concepts of purusha and prakrti—roughly, spirit and nature—are the source of all things, according to Samkhya, an atheistic philosophical dualism.

Purusha is said to be cognizant, yet passive and unchangeable.

It is both a passive observer of the numerous prakrti transitions taking place around it and a source of consciousness.

Purusha is a term that refers to a person's actual Self (atman).

Given the multiplicity of aware beings and the reality that one individual may achieve complete enlightenment while the others remain in slavery, purusha is assumed to be numerous.

The ultimate root of bondage, according to the Samkhyas, is people's incapacity to discern between purusha and prakrti, and their identification of the Self with the latter rather than the former.

Samkhya, edited by Gerald Larson and Ram Shankar Bhattacharya, was published in 1987, and A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy, edited by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore, was published in 1957.


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