Showing posts with label nibandhas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label nibandhas. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Viramitrodaya?

 



One of the most recent and largest nibandhas ("collections"), compiled by scholar Mitra Mishra in the early seventeenth century.


The nibandhas were Hindu lore compendia in which the compilers culled references on a specific theme from the Vedas, dharma literature, puranas, and other authoritative religious texts, and then compiled them into a single volume.

The Viramitrodaya is a massive compendium of Hindu lore, divided into twenty-two sections, each of which focuses on a different aspect of Hindu life, such as daily practice, worship, gift-giving (dana), vows, pilgrimage, penances (prayashchitta), purification, death rites (antyeshthi samskara), law, and so on, culminating in liberation (moksha).


Mitra Mishra's work became an important source for later legal interpretation, particularly in eastern India, because he not only cites relevant scriptural passages but also provides extensive learned commentary.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - What Is A Nibandha?

 

 ("collection”) In medieval northern India, a kind of themed commentarial writing developed popular.

The nibandhas were Hindu lore compendia in which the compilers gathered samples from the Vedas, dharma literature, puranas, and other authorized religious works on a certain issue and then assembled them into a single organized volume.

Excerpts from these same authoritative books would be gathered into a separate volume on a different subject, and so on.

Compilers would often have to reconcile contradictory passages or decide which paragraph was more important than another.

The Purva Mimamsa philosophical school, one of the six schools of ancient Hindu philosophy, devised criteria for textual interpretation.

These guidelines were initially devised for understanding the Vedas, the oldest and most authoritative Hindu religious writings, by the Purva Mimamsa school.

In many instances, the nibandhas were fifteen to twenty volumes long, seeking to cover every aspect of Hindu religious life.

The Kalpataru, compiled by Lakshmidhara in the twelfth century, and the Viramitrodaya, produced by Mitra Mishra early in the seventeenth century, are two of the most significant nibandhas.

~Kiran Atma


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.

Hinduism - Who Was Mitra Mishra?

 


Mitra Mishra (early 17th c.) is the author of the Viramitrodaya, a compendium of Hindu lore.

The Viramitrodaya is an example of a class of commentarial literature known as nibandhas (“collections”).

The compilers of the nibandhas culled references on a particular theme from the Vedas, dharma literature, puranas, and other authoritative religious texts, placing these excerpts into a single volume.

Each of the Viramitrodaya’s twenty-two sections is devoted to a particular aspect of Hindu life, such as daily practice, worship, gift-giving (dana), vows, pilgrimage, penances (prayashchitta), purification, death rites (antyeshthi samskara), and law; the final section is devoted to final liberation of the soul (moksha) (moksha).

In addition to citing the relevant scriptural passages, Mitra Mishra also provides extensive commentary of his own.

His work became an important source for later legal interpretation, particularly in eastern India.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - Who Was Lakshmidhara?


Lakshmidhara (ca. mid-12th c.) is a scholar, commentator, and creator of the Kalpataru, one of the oldest instances of nibandhas ("collections") commentary literature.

The nibandhas were Hindu encyclopedias that gathered topics from the Vedas, dharma literature, puranas, and other authorized religious books into one volume.

The fourteen volumes of the Kalpataru are each dedicated to a different facet of Hindu life, including as daily practice, worship, gift-giving, vows, pilgrimage, penances (prayashchitta), cleansing, and liberation (moksha).

The Kalpataru served as a model for subsequent authors as one of the first nibands.

Lakshmidhara's work is unique in that he relies on just a few sources, chiefly the epic Mahabharata and a few puranas (sectarian compendia).

He does not reference the Vedas, the oldest Hindu religious books, or the regulations contained in the dharma literature, unlike subsequent interpreters.

His book is nearly entirely made up of selected portions with very little original commentary, although subsequent nibandha authors sometimes provide lengthy explanations. 


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.