Showing posts with label surapana. Show all posts
Showing posts with label surapana. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Surapana In Dharma Literature?

 

 

(“liquor-drinking”) In the dharma literature, one of the Four Great Crimes, the act of which rendered one a social outcast.

Although the name sura is often used to refer to "wine," it was formerly thought to refer to a specific sort of spirituous liquor derived from rice flour.

The most prevalent mandated penance (prayashchitta) for routinely drinking sura for members of the three highest social groups—brahmins, kshatriyas, and vaishyas—was to drink the same beverage boiling hot till one died.

Surprisingly, the shudras, the lowest socioeconomic stratum, are exempt from this punishment.

This distinction indicated their inferior social status, since they were not held to the same high standards as the "twice-born." 

Despite the high punishment for drinking sura, kshatriyas and vaishyas were allowed to consume other intoxicants without consequence, albeit brahmins who did so were required to do minor penances.


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Hinduism - Who Is Considered A Mahapataka In A Hindu Society?


 ("Sinner Great") A person who has done one of the Four Great Crimes, namely murdering a brahmin (brahmahatya), stealing a brahmin's wealth (steya), consuming liquor (surapana), or engaging in adultery with one's guru's wife, according to dharma literature (guru talpaga).

These acts were so horrible that the perpetrator was ostracized from society.

Another indicator of the seriousness of these deeds was that their repercussions (prayashchitta) were so terrible that they usually resulted in death; in certain instances, death was directly ordered.

Apart from the real perpetrators, the dharma literature also imposed outcaste status for everyone who knowingly mingled with such individuals for more than a year.


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Hinduism - What Are The Four Great Crimes In A Hindu Society?


The  Four Great Crimes  are a series of four major sins or societal misconducts committed by people. 

Four behaviors are considered such severe transgressions in the dharma literature that the individual who does them becomes an outcast from society. 


  • Murdering a brahmin (brahmahatya), 
  • stealing a brahmin's wealth (steya), 
  • consuming liquor (surapana), 
  • and adultery with one's guru's wife are the four acts (gurutalpaga). 

Aside from exile from society, another indicator of the seriousness of these offenses was that the punishments were so severe that they almost always resulted in death, and in certain instances, death was directly prescribed. 

The dharma literature not only specified such penalties for the real violators, but also expulsion for everyone who knowingly socialized with such persons for more than a year. 



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Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.