Showing posts with label Ashtadhyayi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ashtadhyayi. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Patanjali?


Sanskrit grammarian and author of the Mahabhashya ("Great Commentary") on Panini's Ashtadhyayi (second century B.C.E.).

Panini's work was composed of a sequence of short sentences or aphorisms that were meant to provide a thorough definition of the language in the shortest amount of time.

Panini's text was a miracle of economy and memorability, but it was so opaque that it almost demanded a commentary, which Patanjali delivered.

Patanjali's Mahabhashya is significant not only for his explanation of Panini's language, but also for the historical information included in his examples.

The Yoga Sutras are also attributed to Patanjali, but as they are thought to have been written many centuries after the Mahabhashya, the writers are thought to be two separate persons with the same name.


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Hinduism - What Is The Mahabhashya?

 


 ("Excellent remark") Patanjali, the grammarian, wrote a commentary on Panini's Ashtadhyayi in the second century B.C.E.

Panini's work describes all forms of the Sanskrit language in detail and accuracy, and it became the norm for the language following his time.

Although the Ashtadhyayi is regarded as a masterpiece, the fact that it is composed as a succession of aphorisms or sutras seems to encourage more thorough interpretation.

Each of these aphorisms serves as a foundation for the ones that follow.

Panini's ultimate goal is to provide a comprehensive description of the language in the shortest amount of time feasible.

Patanjali not only expands and expounds Panini's grammar, but also provides some useful knowledge of his own.

The oldest known reference to the Greeks is found in the Mahabhashya.


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Hinduism - What Is Ashtadhyayi?



The “Eight Sections” or  Ashtadhyayi - The Sanskrit grammarian Panini (about 4th century B.C.E.) wrote this book, which is named for the eight parts it includes. 


  • The Ashtadhyayi was written by Panini as a descriptive account of current Sanskrit, but it was subsequently converted into a prescriptive standard for the language. 
  • Each of the Ashtadhyayi's eight parts is made up of a number of short aphorisms (sutras) that relate to a particular aspect of Sanskrit grammar and are typically just a few words long. 
  • Each sutra in a section builds on the sutras before it, providing the basis and context for comprehending the sutras that follow. 

Panini started with the most basic linguistic characteristics of Sanskrit before moving on to more particular ones, as shown by this sequential description. 


  • Panini was able to give a comprehensive description of the Sanskrit language in as little time as possible using this technique, and the text's condensed shape made it easier to memorize. 
  • The Ashtadhyayi's terseness of language, like that of other sutra texts, necessitates a commentary, since the sutras are so short and pithy that they are simply enigmatic to the uninitiated. 
  • The Mahabhashya, authored by the grammarian Patanjali in the second century B.C.E., is the most renowned commentary of the Ashtadhyayi.



You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.