Showing posts with label Pahari. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pahari. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Rajasthani Style Or School Of Miniature Painting?


One of two major "schools" of Indian miniature painting, the other being Pahari.

The differences between the two schools are mostly geographical and hence artificial, since the Pahari school's Basohli paintings are aesthetically closer to those of Rajasthan than works in the later Pahari style.

The Rajasthani was the first developed school, flourishing in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the small kingdoms of the Malwa region, such as Mandu, and in the kingdoms that now make up modern Rajasthan—particularly Bundi, Kota, and Mewar, but also Jaipur and Bikaner—in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

The Rajasthani style is distinguished by a flat perspective and visual force generated from vibrant hues, which are often used as a background to the painting.

W. G. Archer, Indian Painting, 1957, is a good source of knowledge.


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Hinduism - What Is The Pahari Style Of Indian Painting?

 


One of India's two major "schools" of miniature painting, the other being Rajasthani.

Because the Basohli paintings belong to the Pahari school, but are artistically closer to those of Rajasthan than to the later Pahari style, the boundaries between schools are geographical and hence rather arbitrary.

The Pahari style thrived in the Shiwalik Hills north and west of Delhi throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

It initially appears in the kingdom of Basohli, where the Rajasthani school's influence is most obvious, and then spread to the kingdoms of Jammu, Guler, Garhwal, and Kangra.

The evolved Pahari style differs from the Rajasthani in that it emphasizes more linear drawing—perhaps influenced by European art—and a more restrained use of color, all of which contribute to a more lyrical mood to the paintings.

W. G. Archer, Indian Painting, 1957; and "Pahari Miniatures: A Concise History," Marg, Vol. 28, No. 2, 1975, for further details.

~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Where Do The Hindu Miniature Paintings Originate?

 


Hindu miniature painting has its roots in the Moghul court's royal art, when miniature painting and portraiture were well-established genres.

Other hubs for miniature painting arose in the seventeenth century, perhaps pushed on by Moghul painters seeking patronage in Hindu vassal states.

The miniature genre developed to encompass additional topics such as the portrayal of musical modes known as ragas, which are connected with certain periods and/or seasons, but portraiture and court settings remained significant.

Hindu religious iconography was another major topic, reflecting the impact of the devotional (bhakti) movement, which was in full bloom in northern India at the time.

The fabled deeds of the deity Krishna and depictions of the god Shiva dominated religious topics at first.

These two key topics were combined at times.

Manuscripts were also illustrated with miniature paintings, combining literature, art, music, and religious symbols.

Rajasthani, Deccani, and Pahari schools of Hindu miniature painting may be generally classified into three groups, each of which corresponds to a geographical region.

The Rajasthani was the first developed school, flourishing in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the Malwa area of Madhya Pradesh and the tiny kingdoms that bordered it.

The flat perspective of the Rajasthani style is characterized by vibrant bands of color that often serve as a background to the painting.

The Deccani style developed in central India and was quite similar to Moghul royal art.

The Pahari ("mountain") style thrived in the Shiwalik Hills north and west of Delhi in the eighteenth and nineteenth century.

The Pahari style initially emerged in Basohli, where the Rajasthani school's influence can be seen, and eventually spread to Jammu, Guler, Garhwal, and Kangra.

The developed Pahari style varies from the Rajasthani style in that it emphasizes more linear drawing, perhaps inspired by European art, and a more restricted use of color, giving the paintings a more lyrical air.

W. G. Archer, Indian Painting, 1957, is a good source of knowledge.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.