Showing posts with label Intercalary Month. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Intercalary Month. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is A Malamasa Or Mala Masa(Impure Month) In The Hindu Lunar Calendar?

 


Malamasa ("Impure month") is a term used to describe a period of time, generally a month that occurs every 212 years. 

This is an intercalary month is placed into the lunar calendar to remedy a difference between the lunar and solar calendars.

Although this month is required to keep the two calendars in sync—for example, to keep the spring festivities in the spring—it is seen as an exceptional occurrence, unclean, and ritually harmful.


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Hinduism - What Is An Intercalary Month? How Often Do They Occur To Resync The Hindu Lunar Calendar?


The Hindu ceremonial year is mostly based on a lunar calendar, with twelve lunar months lasting around 354 solar days (as opposed to the 365 days of our calendar).

Because of the difference between the lunar and solar calendars, each lunar year starts eleven days earlier than the preceding lunar year.

Because of the mismatch, the two calendars began to drift more and more, to the point that "spring" celebrations may occur at any time of the year.

It was solved by adding an intercalary month every 212 years—more specifically, every 32 months, 16 days, 1 hour, and 26 minutes.

This intercalary month may occur during any of the twelve lunar months throughout the year, and it takes the name of the ordinary lunar month before it.

The extra month is typically seen as a ritually harmful period due to its peculiar nature, and one of its prevalent nicknames is "impure month" (malamasa).

It is considered that during this month, one should not start any new undertakings or execute any religious ceremonies whose timing is uncertain and might be postponed, such as weddings.

Keeping religious fasts and offering charity (dana) are also regarded to be particularly beneficial during this period.

Fasting and devotion are techniques to acquire heavenly favor and protection, while generosity functions as a conduit for passing any possible ill fate to the receiver.

Purushottama Mas is the additional month that occurs in the lunar month of Ashadh, and it is primarily celebrated by followers (bhakta) of the deity Vishnu as a time for devotion and other spiritual activities. 


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.