Showing posts with label Reflectionism. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Reflectionism. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Vivarana Advaita?


Vivarana Advaita  is a Sanskrit phrase that means "to live in the present moment."

Shankaracharya was the greatest figure in one of the later Advaita Vedanta schools, a philosophical school.

The Advaita school adheres to the philosophical position of monism, which is the belief in a single impersonal Ultimate Reality, which they refer to as Brahman.

Despite the appearance of difference and diversity in the perceptible world, Advaita proponents believe that reality is "nondual" (advaita), that is, all things are nothing but the formless Brahman.

This assumption of diversity is a manifestation of avidya for Advaitins, who believe it is a fundamental mental misunderstanding of the ultimate nature of things.

Although frequently translated as "ignorance," avidya refers to a lack of genuine understanding that leads to karmic bonds, reincarnation (samsara), and suffering.

Because the Advaitins' real problem is this erroneous understanding, realization (jnana) was the most effective spiritual path for achieving ultimate liberation (moksha).

The Vivarana Advaita school is based on the ideas of Padmapada (9th century), one of Shankaracharya's disciples, but takes its name from a commentary written by Prakashatman in the thirteenth century.

Traditionally, the latter was a Padmapada disciple, but this appears to be problematic.

The Vivarana school, like the Bhamati school, took firm positions on a number of issues where Shankaracharya had been silent.

One of these was on the locus of ignorance, described by the Vivarana school as being in Brahman.

The Vivarana Advaitins use the theory of reflectionism to explain the apparent difference between Brahman and the Self, despite the fact that the Selves are identical with Brahman, because it appears to compromise the integrity of Brahman.

Their position appears to be based on an unwavering affirmation of Brahman as the sole "reality," to which everything that exists must belong.

Kiran Atma

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Hinduism - What Is Reflectionism In Hindu Philosphy?


Reflectionism  is a theory employed in later Advaita Vedanta schools to explain how one primal ignorance may affect several ignorant selves.

Reflectionism is founded on the concept of a reflection in a mirror; although it differs from the original, it is nonetheless based on it.

Similarly, according to this argument, each individual's ignorance is only a mirror of a basic ignorance.

Karl H. Potter's Presuppositions of India's Philosophies, published in 1972, has further material.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.