Showing posts with label Radha. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Radha. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Vishnuswami ?


Vishnuswami  is a Sanskrit word that means "Vishnu Swami." ("Vishnu is [his] Lord") 

The Vaishnava ascetics' Rudra Sampraday is said to have been founded by a Guru named Vishnuswami.

(The Rudra Sampraday is one of the four "sampraday" branches of the Bairagi Naga ascetics, who are devotees of the god Vishnu; vaishnava refers to Vishnu devotees.)

According to some sources, Vishnuswami was the guru of both Jnaneshvar and Namdev.

Vishnuswami was a Vaishnava, as his name implies, but nothing is known about him other than that.

His ascetic path and status as one of the four Vaishnava ascetic sampradays have been seized by Vallabhacharya's Shuddadvaita, or "Pure Monism," which emphasizes Krishna's adoration with Radha as his wife.

Kiran Atma

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Hinduism - Who Was Vidyapati?


Mithila, a Hindu kingdom in northern Bihar, had a Brahmin courtpoet called Vidyapati(ca. 1400).

Despite the fact that Vidyapati wrote in Sanskrit, he is best known for his love poetry, which was written in the Maithali dialect.

He drew on Sanskrit love poetry's literary traditions in this poetry, but his favorite subjects were the divine lovers Radha and Krishna.

Although later Vaishnavas regarded Vidyapati's love poetry as devotional, Vidyapati's religious writings define Shiva as the Supreme Being, demonstrating that he was a Shaiva.

References And Further Reading:

~Kiran Atma

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Hinduism - What Is Radhashtami In The Hindu Calendar?


Radhashtami  ("Radha's eighth") is a Hindu festival.

The festival takes place on the eighth day of the bright (waxing) half of the lunar month of Bhadrapada (August–September); this day is commemorated as Krishna's consort Radha's birthday.

Radha is seen differently by different Vaishnava religious communities: for some, she is a human woman who represents the ideal devotee (bhakta) who sacrifices everything to be with her beloved, while for others, she is the queen of heaven and an equal to Krishna himself.

In any instance, her proximity to him is shown by the fact that she was born in the same month and lunar day as Krishna, albeit on the opposite side of the month.

The Radhashtami celebration is especially popular in Barsana, the Braj area hamlet where Radha is claimed to have been born.

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Hinduism - What Is Radhavallabh Sampraday?


Radhavallabh Sampraday is a day dedicated to Radhavallabh.

Vaishnavas are a religious society founded by the sixteenth-century poet-saint Harivamsh.

Its members are followers (bhakta) of the deity Vishnu (that is, Vaishnavas).

Harivamsh had strong feelings about Radha's standing, which his community has maintained.

Earlier poetry often depicted Radha as the god Krishna's adulterous mistress, but the Radhavallabhans saw her as his legitimate wife and a goddess with equal rank to Krishna.

Krishna and his reputation as the "beloved of Radha" were the center of their devotion (Radhavallabh).

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Hinduism - Who Is Radha In Hindu Mythology?


Radha is the lady depicted as the deity Krishna's lover and companion in later devotional (bhakti) literature.

Radha's love for Krishna is a metaphor for the soul's longing for unification with the divine, portrayed via passionate love's poetic traditions.

Although there are a few mentions to Radha in poetry dating back to the seventh century, Jayadeva's lyric poem the Gitagovinda, written in the eleventh century, is her earliest detailed representation.

The narrative of Radha and Krishna's love, their fight and separation, and their final reconciliation is told in the Gitagovinda.

Radha is portrayed in a unique way by Jayadeva.

In the poem, Radha expresses her desire to be Krishna's solitary lover and friend.

She pouts jealously when he flirts with other women, and she snubs him violently when he returns to her with hints of another tryst.

They reunite in the end, and passionate love becomes a symbol of their togetherness.

The lyrical text given by Jayadeva's hymn Dashavatara Stotra brings this image of Radha and Krishna's love, separation, and reunion into fuller clarity.

After the text's introductory verses, Jayadeva describes the accomplishments of Krishna's 10 incarnations (avatars).

The hymn's final verses specifically mention Krishna as the ultimate source of the ten avatars, reminding listeners that the person playing a role in this drama of jealousy, repentance, and reconciliation is none other than the Lord of the Universe Himself, who has saved the world from destruction in the past.

Unlike previous representations of Krishna, which portray his relationships with his followers (bhakta) as a type of "play" (lila), the Krishna in the Gitagovinda seems to be less lofty and distant, and more personally and profoundly concerned with Radha as the object of his adoration.

Krishna is shown in the poem as someone who is highly affected by emotions and who reciprocates his devotee's sentiments in a meaningful way.

The inner interaction between the two lovers is the core of Jayadeva's literary attention, and he discloses nothing about Radha outside of this connection.

Radha's character evolved in a variety of ways following the Gitagovinda.

Radha's trysts with Krishna take on the hue of adulterous, forbidden love according to certain poets, who represent her as married to another man.

In Indian poetry, this love is seen as more passionate since the lovers have nothing to gain from the affair other than the love itself, and they risk losing everything if they are found.

Radha is a sign of someone who is prepared to risk and lose all for the sake of love itself.

Radha's character is also explored in a manner that contradicts this adulterous depiction.

Radha is depicted in various traditions not as a simple woman devoured by Krishna's love, but as his wife, consort, and divine force (shakti), through whose agency Krishna may operate in the universe.

For the Nimbarka religious community, who saw Radha and Krishna as manifestations of Lakshmi and Narayana, this deified figure of Radha was very important.

The Radhavallabh community was another sect that promoted equality, with members emphasizing Krishna's devotion for Radha.

See Barbara Stoller Miller (ed. and trans. ), The Love Song of the Dark Lord, 1977, and David R. Kinsley, Hindu Goddesses, 1986, for further information about Radha.

Hinduism - Who Is Haridasa?


(ca. late 16th c.) Poet, singer, and devotee (bhakta) of the Hindu god Krishna who founded the Haridasis sect.

Haridasa was the tutor of Tansen, the perfect musician at the court of the Moghul emperor Akbar, according to legend.

The majority of Haridasa's songs are about Radha and Krishna's love. 

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