Showing posts with label pramanas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label pramanas. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Purva ("Earlier") Mimamsa In Indian Philosophy?


Purva Mimamsa is one of the six classic Hindu philosophical schools, most often known as Mimamsa ("investigation").

It was given the name Purva Mimamsa to differentiate it from the Uttara ("Later") Mimamsa school, better known as Vedanta.

The name Mimamsa is suitable since it emphasizes the study of dharma ("good behavior"), notably as revealed in the Vedas, the oldest and most authoritative Hindu religious literature.

Mimamsas thought that the Vedas were the source of perfect knowledge, and that the Vedas were not created by God or humans, but rather were simply heard by ancient sages via their great abilities of perception, and then passed down orally from generation to generation.

The Mimamsas created sophisticated rules for textual interpretation to determine these since they considered the Vedas as the major source of authority and claimed that the Vedas included norms and prescriptions related to dharma.

It is for these rules that they are most known.

Mimamsas believed in the presence of the soul and in the necessity of deeds and their effects, as embodied in the concept of karma, both of which are supported by the Vedas.

The Mimamsas believed that the effect of an action existed as an invisible force called apurva in circumstances when the result came some time after the deed.

This power would dependably produce the desired outcome, thereby preserving the Vedic truth.

The Mimamsas were less united in their belief in God's existence.

The author of the Mimamsa Sutras and the school's founder, Jaimini (4th century B.C.E. ), seemed to disregard the subject entirely, whereas Kumarila, a 1,000-year-old Mimamsa luminary, argued against the presence of God.

Mimamsas made contributions to logic and epistemology in addition to establishing strategies for reading the Vedas.

One of their most noteworthy contributions was the formulation of two new pramanas, or ways for humans to attain real and exact knowledge.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

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Hinduism - Who Waa Jayarashi?


 (7th century?) Jayarashi is the author of the Tattvopaplavasimha, one of the materialist philosophical school's sole surviving works.

One of the materialist school's philosophical quirks was that they only acknowledged perception (pratyaksha) as a dependable pramana, or way of gaining real and correct knowledge.

By denying the idea of cause and effect, Jayarashi argued against the trustworthiness of inference (anumana) as one of the pramanas in his book.

To draw an inference, such as predicting the outcome of a future action based on the outcome of a previous action, one must trust that the cause-and-effect model is credible.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.