KIRAN ATMA: Hindu Temple Architecture
Showing posts with label Hindu Temple Architecture. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hindu Temple Architecture. Show all posts

Hinduism And Hindu Theology - Hindu Temple Architecture



In India, Hindu temple architecture has evolved into many unique, mature forms throughout time. 



  • Early Buddhist architectural features, such as the rock-cut cave temple (chaitya) or enclosed courtyard, are used in the early stages (vihara). 


  • Ellora and Elephanta are examples of early Hindu rock-cut temples; others, such as Aihole, are free-standing but based on this style. 


  • Nagara, Dravida, and Veshara are the three main forms of later Hindu architecture, with the first two being the most significant. 

  • Each of these styles is exclusive to a region of India: 

    • Nagara in the north and east, 


    • Dravida in the south, 


    • and Veshara in the west and Deccan. 



The fundamental distinctions between them may be boiled down to the various temple tower styles. 

  • The Nagara style places a strong emphasis on verticality, with the temple's whole structure culminating in a single highest point. 


Different focuses in the treatment of the tower resulted in several substyles: 



  • The whole construction gradually leads up to the central tower of Khajuraho temples, while the Orissa style emphasizes a single massive tower surrounded by many smaller subsidiary sections. 
  • The towers of the Dravida style are usually made out of horizontal tiers, with the focus on horizontal rather than vertical. 
  • The gopurams, or central gates in the temple walls, are the highest constructions of the later Dravida temples. 
  • Although a Dravida-style temple may feature a small tower above the primary shrine, the temple's territory is frequently vast, and many of them are cities in their own right. 
  • The Veshara design has a barrel roof above the sanctuary, which has its origins in Buddhist chaityas (rock-cut cave temples). 
  • The Nagara towers and the Dravida tiers are both represented in this architectural style.




You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

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