Showing posts with label Navyanyaya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Navyanyaya. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Navyanyaya?


("new Nyaya") The Nyaya philosophical school's later offshoot.

The Nyaya school was one of the six schools of traditional Hindu philosophy that flourished in the first century, but gradually faded from prominence.

In the late medieval period (15th–17th centuries), the Navyanyaya school arose in an effort to revitalize the school and address some of the issues with the older Nyaya concept of inherence (samavaya).

Inherence was seen by the Nyayas as a weak relational force that linked things and their properties, such as associating the color red with a certain ball and therefore making the ball red.

It also linked tangible things, such as the force that kept two sides of a clay pot together when they were forced against one other.

Finally, inherence linked selves and their qualities—one became happy when inherence linked happiness to one's self, and unhappy when inherence linked unhap piness to one's self.

Many phenomena in the perceivable universe were explained by this concept of inherence.

However, the Nyayas' assumption that inherence was a single, universal feature at work in diverse locales drew criticism.

According to this critique, a universal and everlasting inher ence might relate an item to any attribute, even properties that contradict each other, such as the color brown with the moon or the appearance of a cow with a dog.

Other assaults questioned if inherence survived the destruction of one of the items it was linking.

Opponents said that if it did not, inherence was plainly nothing to begin with, and if it did, the residual linking power would exist unattached to anything, which was manifestly nonsensical.

Finally, others questioned the need of inherence at all, citing it as an example of the "need for less complexity" (gaurava).

The Navyanyaya school tries to avoid these issues by introducing a new kind of interaction known as "self linking connectors." By their very nature, these connections were considered as an inherent part of everything, and since they were self-linking, there was no need for a separate inherence to tie things together.

The connection and the associated things are one and the same in this understanding.

The Navyanyayas were able to maintain their core notions that there are genuine things in the world that are related to one another because to this concept.

For further detail, see Indian Philosophical Analysis, edited by Karl H. Potter and Sibajiban Bhattacharyya, 1992.

~Kiran Atma

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