Showing posts with label pagan witch. Show all posts
Showing posts with label pagan witch. Show all posts

Paganism & Wicca - Who Is ARADIA?

 






Aradia is the main character of Charles Leland's Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches (1899), a  compilation of tales, charms, and poems gathered from "Maddalena," a Florentine fortune-teller in the late 1800s. 



Leland portrays her as the daughter of Diana, the goddess of the moon, and her brother Lucifer, the god of the day and light. 




  • Aradia was sent to earth, according to the Gospel, to educate the poor how to fight the wealthy's tyranny via sorcery and witchcraft. 
  • Aradia's name and mythology became important to theWitchcraftrevival because to Leland's efforts. 
  • Anidia was most likely the secret name of the Goddess in Gardnerlan Craft between 1950 and 1960 (it has since been changed); she has also given her name to a number of contemporary Witchcraft traditions. 




Leland's Anidia inspired a number of twentieth-century works of Pagan literature, including:






Aldan Kelly's The Gospel of Diana (a privately published electronic manuscript) and Leo Martello's Weird Waysof Witchcraft (Related to - Strega). 


Aradia is portrayed by Grimassi as a fourteenth-century Italian prophetess and resurrected Etruscan religion. 




Her teachings contain a number of prophecies concerning humanity's destiny and the restoration of the Old Religion. 

After her unexplained departure, her message was disseminated across Italy by twelve followers, according to Grimassi, and formed the foundation for contemporary Stregheria. 



Historical or ethnographic study has not supported either Leland's or Grimassi's views. 



The name Aradia does not exist in recorded sources prior to Leland's Gospel's publication, although it is most likely derived from Herodias, the name of a mythical person in Matthew's Gospel. 



Herodias, King Herod's sister-in-law and Salome's mother, pushed Herod to arrest John the Baptist and encouraged Salome to demand the saint's head on a platter in return for dancing for her uncle. 



Salome experienced a fit of regret and started to cry with repentance as she saw the head placed before her. 

Then a violent wind blasted from the saine's mouth, hurling Salome into the air, where she was sentenced to dance for the rest of her life as a penance for her cruelty. 

Herodias and Salome fused into a single mythical figure who was believed to soar through the skies at night about the eleventh century c. 

Herodias was linked to the goddess Diana and her nocturnal travels, as well as secret ecstaticdancer organizations in Friuli (northern Italy) and Romania. 


Women went out at night on the backs of animals to feast, sing, and dance under the protection of Herodias and Diana, according to European tales throughout the Middle Ages. 

During the Inquisition, several women suspected of witchcraft admitted to taking part in these meetings after being tortured. 




While the legends depicted a peasant utopia of egalitarian relationships, abundant food and drink that magically regenerated, and the fulfillment of wishes, they were misinterpreted by Inquisitors as evidence of diabolical witchcraft and became the foundation for the creation of the legend of the witches' Sabbat, which was responsible for the execution of tens of thousands of innocent people. 




Paganism & Wicca - What Is THE ADRUID FELLOWSHIP WITH ARNDRATOCHT FEIN (ADF)?

 





‘The Irish words arn ree-ocht ‘ane mean "our own Druidism," which is exactly what the ADFi is: a totally separate neo-Pagan Druidism lineage.



ADF, like other neo-Pagan organizations, is made up of polytheistic nature worshippers who are trying to resurrect the finest elements of their ancestors' paleo-Pagan religions in a contemporary scientific, artistic, ecological, and holistic environment. 




The ADF believes in striving for excellence in all areas of life, including physical, intellectual, creative, and spiritual. 


The author who founded the group - Isaac Bonewits: (Real Magic, The Druid Chronicles Evolved, Authentic Thaumaturgy). 

The current Archdruid of the ADF is Kirk Thomas, and the ADF conducts study and builds on existing knowledge on the ancient Celts and other Indo-European peoples in attempt to recreate what the Old Religions of Europe were. 

They hone their creative abilities in composition, presentation, and design, as well as their ability to conduct competent magical and religious rituals, in order to transform themselves and the world around them.



Members of the ADF adopt the poly-theologies and practices of both Indo-European paleo-pagans and neopagan traditions that have developed in the past fifty years. 




The ADF is a non-sexist, non-racist, organic, and "open religion" that incorporates environmental awareness, alternative healing arts, and psychic growth into everyday activities. 

The ADF has groves of Druids, which are local congregations. 

Oak Leaves, a quarterly magazine published by the organization, announces ADF policy, local grove activities, talks and other appearances, and changes to the study curriculum. 

ADF's magazine was founded in January 1997 to fill the news-oriented duties of News From the Mother Grove and the article-oriented purposes of Druids' Progress, both of which have now been merged into Oak Leaves. 



The ADF thinks that neo-paganism will ultimately grow into a mainstream religion with tens of thousands of adherents. 



As a consequence, one of the organization's objectives is to educate neo-Pagan clergy in conducting successful magical and mundane activities to rescue endangered animals, halt polluters, and protect nature. 

Unlike many other types of neo-paganism, adherents see neo-paganism as a worldwide religion that affects social, political, and environmental conditions. 

This view contrasts sharply with that of many neo-Pagans, who see small groupings as their ideal. 





The ADF claims to have over 700 members, making it one of the biggest neo-Pagan Druid groups in the world. 

It is a nonprofit religious organization with legal standing in the United States. 

Regional gatherings take place all year, but particularly in the summer. 





Paganism & Wicca - What Is The ATC - AQUARIAN TABERNACLE CHURCH ll?

 









Although The ATC AQUARIAN TABERNACLECHURCH ll has had a presence in France since April 24, 1999, France does not recognize any religious groups, including Catholicism, and has lately implemented severe legislation against all minority faiths. 



In March 1985, after Davis was hired as an expert witness by the Washington State Attorney General to educate a federal court in Tacoma about the tenets of the Wicca religion in a lawsuit brought by a prisner, the state department of corrections recognized Wicca as a religion worthy of recognition for inmates to practice. 

Wicca was soon included in the department's first edition of the Handbook of Religious Belief: and Practices, which was intended for institutional chaplains. 






The ATC was approved as the coordinating organization for the appointment of Wiccan delegates to the Inter faith Council of Washington (state) in 1992, and in 1992, Reverend Pete Davis was overwhelmingly chosen as the Inter faith Council of Washington's president. 

He was reelected unanimously twice, the first time towards the conclusion of his first term. 

The first outdoor circle of tall standing stones was constructed as a site of Wiccan worship inside the boundaries of the Twin Rivers Correctional Facility in October 2001. 





The ATC officially integrated a young people's natural lore and woodcraft program, which had been started in 1999 as a local activity for the mother church, on April 2, 2001. 





Spiral Scouts was founded as a worldwide organization in response to a desire for an alternative to the Boy Scouts of America's gender-biased, and often Christian, activities. 





Spiral Scouts was created by an Internet online committee with over 500 members, foreshadowing its extraordinary acceptance and development in the Pagan community across the globe. 

The curriculum was designed to be used as a vehicle to teach youngsters in a specific tradition by any minority religion-based community (or those 12 AR NDRAIOCHT FEIN: A DRUIDFELLOWSHIP (ADF) with no faith at all). 

Any non-hostile religious community may use the software. 

There are more than forty chartered Spiral Sconts organizations in the United States and Canada as of January 2002, nine months after Spiral Scouts "went public." The program is quickly expanding. 

The ATC's Woolston-Steen Wiccan Theological Seminary, which opened in April 1998, obtained approval from the Washington State Department of Higher Education's Degree Authorization Board in August 2000 to provide academic degrees in Wiccan ministry under the agency's religions exemption rules. 




Paganism & Wicca - What Is THE AQUARIAN TABERNACLE CHURCH?

 



Pierre C. Davis (aka Pete "Pathfinder" Davis) established the Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) in Index, Washington, on November 1, 1979. 


Davis was born on March 22, 1937, in Jersey City, New Jersey, to Joseph A. Davis, a Catholic, and Adele Claveloux Davis, a self-proclaimed Pagan, during a period when there was no prominent Pagan movement in the United States (1940s). 



The ATC is still headquartered in Index, Washington, where it built the Moon Stone Circle, an outdoor circle of tall standing stones behind the church buildings amid a forest of tall old cedar trees. 




This worship location was dedicated and consecrated on December 29, 1984, by twenty-nine Wiccans who traveled from three states for the event, which took place amid a blinding blizzard. 

Davis was initiated into the Craft for the first time on August 14, 1974, in Paterson, New Jersey, into the Dorpat tradition, a tiny, restricted, and highly clandestine ‘tradition. 

After moving to Seattle, Washington, he was initiated into the Kingstone branch of British Traditional Wicca (see Wicca) on September 21, 1983. 

Although his initial intention was to establish a small Wiccan retreat in the mountains near Seattle for local area Pagans to worship without interference, it quickly became his goal to establish a Wiccan church with federal government recognition, tax-exempt status, and tolerance—if not acceptance—by local mainstream religious bodies. 



The Goddess, on the other hand, had a far bigger picture in mind, and the ATC was officially recognized by the US government on November 12, 1988. 




On December 30, 1991, it received IRS group exemption umbrella certification as a Wiccan tradition. 

Through this ‘group exemption, every ‘congregation that the ATC recognizes as an associated organization in the United States gets immediate recognition as a tax-exempt church. 




The ATC was recognized in Canada on November 15, 1993, and was registered and recognized in Australia in 1994 via its affiliate there (which received its original recognition in 1984). 

The church was founded in Ireland on February 24, 1999, by Janet Farrar and Stewart Farrar, and was later recognized by the Irish government as the first (and only) legally Wiccan/Pagan church in October 2001, thanks to the work of the Reverend Barbara Lauderdale, presiding elder. 

The ATC was officially recognized by the South African government in August 1998, and was consecrated on December 29, 1984, by twenty-nine Wiccans who traveled from three states for the ritual, which took place amid a blinding blizzard. 




Paganism & Wicca - What Is ANOINTING OIL?



In general, anointing oils are prepared with a mineral oil base and a range of natural essential oils.


Without a foundation, the smell of pure, undiluted essential oils may be overwhelming. 

Every setting in which anointing oils are used necessitates a unique mix. 



A coven, for example, could have full moon oil, house-blessing oil, purifying oil, Lord of Summer oil, Maiden oil, and so on. 



As they enter the eltele, participants are often anointed on their foreheads as part of the sensory mnemonic that activates the frame of mind deemed suitable for a place "between the worlds." 

The material ‘components of a spell may be anointed with a suitable oil to enhance the spell's aim in spell work. 

This is especially common when it comes to candle spells. 

The affected region may be anointed with oil in magical healing to enhance the healing process. 

A small bottle of the oil may also be provided to the individual who is being healed and told to apply it to the affected region at regular intervals. 

Again, the fragrance is meant to operate on the subconscious mind, bringing forth the healing energy connected with that scent. 




Paganism & Wicca - What Is Nganga?

 

This pan Bantu term means "power," "secret," or "soul," and it refers to occult practitioners like as herbalists, magicians, shamans, and witch doctors. 


  • There are nganga families with generations of ancestors. 
  • Boys are taught by their dads or other male relatives, while girls are taught by their mothers or other female relatives. 
  • Individuals may also get advice from dead ancestors via divination, dreams, and ritual. 
  • Nganga may refer to magical and spiritual traditions as well as the practitioner, depending on regional accent. 

Related to - Palo.


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is An Onmyoji?

 

Onmyoji is a practitioner of the Japanese magical system Onmyo-Do, which means "Yin-Yang Master" in English. 


  • The word may alternatively be rendered as "wizard," "magician," or "sorcerer" in English.

Related to - Abei no Seimei; 

CREATIVE ARTS: Manga: Tokyo Babylon


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Orixa?

 

 

Afro-Brazilian cultures employ the spelling orixa, which is a Portuguese variant of orisha. “O-ree-sha” has the same pronunciation as “o-ree-sha.”


  • Again, this has the same meaning as the original word and refers to a family of spirits and entities brought to the Western hemisphere during the slave trade by their believers and followers.


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Rune?

 

 

Rune is an alphabetic system that is strongly associated with Nordic customs. 

  • However, runes are more than just an alphabet: each one emits a distinct force. 

They're used for divination, casting spells, and other magical or spiritual activities. 


MAGICAL ARTS: RUNES


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Rune Caster?

 

 

A rune-caster is a person who works with runes. 


This typically refers to a diviner—runes are cast or hurled first, then read—but it may also refer to a "spell-caster" or "wizard."


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Scobaces?

  

Scobaces is a Norman term for "witch," literally "ladies with brooms."


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Nyama?

 

 

 

Like ashe, chi, heka, or mana, this Mande term refers to a natural magical energy or power that pervades the universe. 


  • It is the energy that propels the Earth; without it, nothing is possible. 
  • Nyama is the energy that drives all activities and is generated as a by-product of all actions. 
  • The more difficult and demanding the activity, the more nyama is required and produced concurrently. 
  • Massive, unregulated, and undirected amounts of nyama, on the other hand, may be hazardous. 
  • Sorcery is a technique for channeling nyama in positive (or desirable) ways.


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Are The Orisha?

 

Orisha are African spirits came to the Western Hemisphere with their human followers during the slave trade. 

  • Some local orisha no longer exist in Africa, but solely in Western Hemisphere traditions, in places particularly ravaged by slavery. 
  • Candomble and Santeria are based on them.


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is The Order Of The Oriental Templars (OTO)?



The Order of the Oriental Templars (OTO) is also known as the Order of the Temple of the East or the Order of the Temple of the East. 


  • Karl Kellner, a German Freemason and occultist, founded a magical organization and metaphysical society in the early 1900s. 
  • OTO was created as a contemporary version of Templarism, based on the historical Knights Templar. 
  • Kellner traveled to India to study Tantra and was influenced by American occult master Pascal Beverly Randolph's followers. 
  • Randolph claimed to have traveled extensively across the Eastern Hemisphere and had the key to all Hermetic and Masonic secrets via holy sexual magic and Templar occult techniques. 
  • The OTO was founded on the concept of utilizing sexual energy in ritual magic. Trained adepts use the sexual excitement energy for transformative purposes. 
  • Kellner died in 1905, and Theodor Reuss became the Order's new head. 
  • In 1912, he asked Aleister Crowley to establish an English chapter of the Order. 
  • Crowley became the Order's head when Reuss resigned in 1922. 
  • OTO branches are presently operating in a number of countries. 



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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Pagan?

 

 

With the exception of Jews and Muslims, who were classified as infidels by the Church, pagan refers to any non-monotheistic faith, devotee of that faith, or someone who opposes Christianity. 

Pagan comes from the Latin root word pagus, which meaning "rural," "country," or "rustic." 


Some explain the term by implying that only hicks clung to superstitious beliefs, while sophisticated urbanites embraced Christianity, but this is incorrect: 

  • Paganus was a derogatory term used by Roman soldiers to refer to civilians, non-combatants, or "stay-at-homes." 


Early Christians adopted this slang to refer to those who were not enlisted in the army dedicated to Christ, as they imagined themselves as Soldiers of the Holy Cross engaged in sacred battle. 

  • By the fourth century, the term "pagan" had come to apply to anybody who worshipped local spirits or deities. 
  • Pagan was not a term used by ancient people. They went by whatever name was appropriate for their particular culture, clan, or group. 



Because of their opposition to Christianity, Christians labeled others as Pagans: 


  • Pagans recognized what you aren't, not necessarily what you are. 
  • Pagans are now sometimes proudly labeled by modern spiritual followers. 
  • In this context, the term "pagan" refers to non-Christian or non-monotheistic religious traditions, such as Wicca. 
  • Paganism is the origin and precursor to the contemporary reconstructionist faith and eclectic belief system that is Neo Paganism.


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Ngaka?

 

A Zambian word that is most often translated as "doctor," but may also refer to a specialized magical practitioner. 


  • Ngakas of the rain, for example, are comparable to European weather witches in that they specialize in generating or ending storms. 
  • Every animal, particularly the most deadly, has ngakas who either defend humans from the species or send the species after them. 
  • The ngaka shares the essence of the animal with whom she is associated, and may converse with it as well as change into the creature with which she shares its nature.


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Sabbat?

 

The term Sabbat has two totally different meanings: 


• Samhain, Yule, Imbolc, Beltane, Lughnasa, Mabon, Litha, and Ostara are the eight main Wiccan festivals that celebrate the Wheel of the Year. 

• The word used by witch-hunters to denote large gatherings of witches; further information may be found in CALENDAR: Sabbat and under entries for each holy day. 


The most appropriate, neutral equivalent could be “witches' ball,” particularly because participants are characterized as dancing, eating, and generally rejoicing. 


  • Inquisition documents from Carcassonne and Toulouse in the fourteenth century seem to be the first to use the word sabbat to refer to the gathering of witches. 
  • The Sumerian shabbattu, "a soothing of the heart," was celebrated as a holiday every seventh day starting with the Full Moon celebration for the lunar god, from whence this idea migrated to Judaism. 
  • The term for witches was coined by Roman Catholic theologians to suggest that they were doomed heretics like Jews, and/or that Jews were witches. 


Related to - Akelarre and Sabbat in the CALENDAR.


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Root Doctor, Root Woman, Or Root Worker?

 

 

A witch, healer, or magical practitioner who specializes in herbs. 


  • Root workers utilize various parts of plants, but roots are said to have the most potent magical properties. 
  • The word "root-worker" also connotes a unique connection with Earth and her protecting spirits, as well as strength and wisdom. 
  • The capacity of root-workers to "root" about in Earth is a hint to their power: it was previously deemed dangerous to disturb Earth unless one understood appropriate procedures and had permission to dig. 
  • Root-working is a kind of magical activity that dates back thousands of years. 
  • Bears, pigs, and snakes are said to have been the first to teach humans the art: these are creatures that "root" in the ground. 
  • Root-worker is a term that is often used interchangeably with Hoodoo Doctor or Conjurer.


BOTANICALS: Mandrake, Roots; 

DIVINE WITCH: Kybele; 

ANIMALS: Bears, Pigs, Snakes; 

DIVINE WITCH: Kybele


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