Showing posts with label pagan witch. Show all posts
Showing posts with label pagan witch. Show all posts

Paganism & Wicca - What Is Nganga?


This pan Bantu term means "power," "secret," or "soul," and it refers to occult practitioners like as herbalists, magicians, shamans, and witch doctors. 

  • There are nganga families with generations of ancestors. 
  • Boys are taught by their dads or other male relatives, while girls are taught by their mothers or other female relatives. 
  • Individuals may also get advice from dead ancestors via divination, dreams, and ritual. 
  • Nganga may refer to magical and spiritual traditions as well as the practitioner, depending on regional accent. 

Related to - Palo.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is An Onmyoji?


Onmyoji is a practitioner of the Japanese magical system Onmyo-Do, which means "Yin-Yang Master" in English. 

  • The word may alternatively be rendered as "wizard," "magician," or "sorcerer" in English.

Related to - Abei no Seimei; 

CREATIVE ARTS: Manga: Tokyo Babylon

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Orixa?



Afro-Brazilian cultures employ the spelling orixa, which is a Portuguese variant of orisha. “O-ree-sha” has the same pronunciation as “o-ree-sha.”

  • Again, this has the same meaning as the original word and refers to a family of spirits and entities brought to the Western hemisphere during the slave trade by their believers and followers.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Rune?



Rune is an alphabetic system that is strongly associated with Nordic customs. 

  • However, runes are more than just an alphabet: each one emits a distinct force. 

They're used for divination, casting spells, and other magical or spiritual activities. 


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Rune Caster?



A rune-caster is a person who works with runes. 

This typically refers to a diviner—runes are cast or hurled first, then read—but it may also refer to a "spell-caster" or "wizard."

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Scobaces?


Scobaces is a Norman term for "witch," literally "ladies with brooms."

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Nyama?




Like ashe, chi, heka, or mana, this Mande term refers to a natural magical energy or power that pervades the universe. 

  • It is the energy that propels the Earth; without it, nothing is possible. 
  • Nyama is the energy that drives all activities and is generated as a by-product of all actions. 
  • The more difficult and demanding the activity, the more nyama is required and produced concurrently. 
  • Massive, unregulated, and undirected amounts of nyama, on the other hand, may be hazardous. 
  • Sorcery is a technique for channeling nyama in positive (or desirable) ways.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Are The Orisha?


Orisha are African spirits came to the Western Hemisphere with their human followers during the slave trade. 

  • Some local orisha no longer exist in Africa, but solely in Western Hemisphere traditions, in places particularly ravaged by slavery. 
  • Candomble and Santeria are based on them.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is The Order Of The Oriental Templars (OTO)?

The Order of the Oriental Templars (OTO) is also known as the Order of the Temple of the East or the Order of the Temple of the East. 

  • Karl Kellner, a German Freemason and occultist, founded a magical organization and metaphysical society in the early 1900s. 
  • OTO was created as a contemporary version of Templarism, based on the historical Knights Templar. 
  • Kellner traveled to India to study Tantra and was influenced by American occult master Pascal Beverly Randolph's followers. 
  • Randolph claimed to have traveled extensively across the Eastern Hemisphere and had the key to all Hermetic and Masonic secrets via holy sexual magic and Templar occult techniques. 
  • The OTO was founded on the concept of utilizing sexual energy in ritual magic. Trained adepts use the sexual excitement energy for transformative purposes. 
  • Kellner died in 1905, and Theodor Reuss became the Order's new head. 
  • In 1912, he asked Aleister Crowley to establish an English chapter of the Order. 
  • Crowley became the Order's head when Reuss resigned in 1922. 
  • OTO branches are presently operating in a number of countries. 

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Pagan?



With the exception of Jews and Muslims, who were classified as infidels by the Church, pagan refers to any non-monotheistic faith, devotee of that faith, or someone who opposes Christianity. 

Pagan comes from the Latin root word pagus, which meaning "rural," "country," or "rustic." 

Some explain the term by implying that only hicks clung to superstitious beliefs, while sophisticated urbanites embraced Christianity, but this is incorrect: 

  • Paganus was a derogatory term used by Roman soldiers to refer to civilians, non-combatants, or "stay-at-homes." 

Early Christians adopted this slang to refer to those who were not enlisted in the army dedicated to Christ, as they imagined themselves as Soldiers of the Holy Cross engaged in sacred battle. 

  • By the fourth century, the term "pagan" had come to apply to anybody who worshipped local spirits or deities. 
  • Pagan was not a term used by ancient people. They went by whatever name was appropriate for their particular culture, clan, or group. 

Because of their opposition to Christianity, Christians labeled others as Pagans: 

  • Pagans recognized what you aren't, not necessarily what you are. 
  • Pagans are now sometimes proudly labeled by modern spiritual followers. 
  • In this context, the term "pagan" refers to non-Christian or non-monotheistic religious traditions, such as Wicca. 
  • Paganism is the origin and precursor to the contemporary reconstructionist faith and eclectic belief system that is Neo Paganism.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Ngaka?


A Zambian word that is most often translated as "doctor," but may also refer to a specialized magical practitioner. 

  • Ngakas of the rain, for example, are comparable to European weather witches in that they specialize in generating or ending storms. 
  • Every animal, particularly the most deadly, has ngakas who either defend humans from the species or send the species after them. 
  • The ngaka shares the essence of the animal with whom she is associated, and may converse with it as well as change into the creature with which she shares its nature.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Sabbat?


The term Sabbat has two totally different meanings: 

• Samhain, Yule, Imbolc, Beltane, Lughnasa, Mabon, Litha, and Ostara are the eight main Wiccan festivals that celebrate the Wheel of the Year. 

• The word used by witch-hunters to denote large gatherings of witches; further information may be found in CALENDAR: Sabbat and under entries for each holy day. 

The most appropriate, neutral equivalent could be “witches' ball,” particularly because participants are characterized as dancing, eating, and generally rejoicing. 

  • Inquisition documents from Carcassonne and Toulouse in the fourteenth century seem to be the first to use the word sabbat to refer to the gathering of witches. 
  • The Sumerian shabbattu, "a soothing of the heart," was celebrated as a holiday every seventh day starting with the Full Moon celebration for the lunar god, from whence this idea migrated to Judaism. 
  • The term for witches was coined by Roman Catholic theologians to suggest that they were doomed heretics like Jews, and/or that Jews were witches. 

Related to - Akelarre and Sabbat in the CALENDAR.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Root Doctor, Root Woman, Or Root Worker?



A witch, healer, or magical practitioner who specializes in herbs. 

  • Root workers utilize various parts of plants, but roots are said to have the most potent magical properties. 
  • The word "root-worker" also connotes a unique connection with Earth and her protecting spirits, as well as strength and wisdom. 
  • The capacity of root-workers to "root" about in Earth is a hint to their power: it was previously deemed dangerous to disturb Earth unless one understood appropriate procedures and had permission to dig. 
  • Root-working is a kind of magical activity that dates back thousands of years. 
  • Bears, pigs, and snakes are said to have been the first to teach humans the art: these are creatures that "root" in the ground. 
  • Root-worker is a term that is often used interchangeably with Hoodoo Doctor or Conjurer.

BOTANICALS: Mandrake, Roots; 


ANIMALS: Bears, Pigs, Snakes; 


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Santero Or Santera?


The terms Santero/Santera refers to male and female practitioners of Santeria respectively. 

  • Santeria priests and priestesses (see below); to attain this rank, one must have a thorough understanding of botanicals. 
  • Santeras are community leaders who conduct divination, rites, and other activities.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Sagae Or Sage?


“Feminine wisdom”; this word properly translates as “wise woman” or “sage woman,” but it was a euphemism for “witch” during the ancient Roman period. 

  • Columella, a Roman writer from the first century CE, urged owners to prohibit their slaves from consulting sagae.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Santeria?


Santeria is a saints' religion, but not just any saints. Kidnapped Yorubas enslaved in Cuba were adamant about maintaining their ancient spiritual practices and loyalty to the orishas. 

  • The colonial rulers banned and prohibited African spiritual practices, and anyone who disobeyed the order faced harsh punishment. 
  • What should We do? Slaves were forced to convert to Roman Catholicism, and the Church provided graphic representations of the Holy Family and saints to aid conversion of the illiterate. 
  • Santeria was created. A repurposed new born faith. Through the usage of matching pictures, each orisha were linked to particular Roman Catholic holy saints. 
  • As a result, Ochossi the Sacred Archer assumed the persona of St Sebastian, whose votive iconography depicts him being wounded by arrows. 
  • This syncretism seems reasonable at times: a saint and an orisha may have a lot in common, but other times the links are strange. 
  • Chango, Master of Thunder and Lightning and Spirit of Male Sexual Prowess, was syncretized with St Barbara, the young virgin martyr, since her votive picture depicts lightning. 
  • Syncretism provides security: one may seem to be praying to St Barbara while really communing with Chango. 
  • Syncretism, on the other hand, leads to complexity. 
  • Santeria in modern times maintains a Yoruba spiritual framework with Roman Catholic influences, as well as influences from other African traditions, indigenous Taino Indian influences, and others. 
  • Some Santeria followers are devout Roman Catholics, while others have abandoned syncretism, feeling that the time for masks is passed. 
  • Many others choose the middle road. In all instances, however, the main emphasis of Santeria is devotion to the orishas/saints and connection with them. 

Related to -  Orisha and Vodoun.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Paket Kongo?


These cloth-bound packets containing botanicals and powders are a kind of Vodou amulet or talisman. Many are stunning, made of luxurious fabrics, tied with silk ribbons, and embellished with feathers, mirrors, and/or sequins. 

  • Empty paket kongo are occasionally created into objets d'art by craftsmen because they are so lovely.
  • Genuine paket kongo are handcrafted and magically strengthened during spiritual ceremony. 
  • They're made under the auspices of Simbi, the magic's patron snake lwa. 
  • The size, color, and substance of these items are determined by their function and the spirit to which they are devoted or thought to contain. 

DIVINE WITCH: Simbi, as well as Gris-gris, Lwa, Mojo, and Talisman.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Are Animal Gods, Familiars And Shape-Changing?

One of the most significant differences between modern neo Pagans and Peoples of the Book Jews, Christians, and Muslims is their belief in the divinity of both human and animal existence. 

Instead, all animals, including humans, are in the image of the gods or (in certain cultures) are gods themselves, "animals" are not always considered as "inferior life-forms," as they are in those faiths. Pagans' relationships with the natural world differ to some degree. 

Some Neo-Pagans believe that nature is there to be harvested, but that humans owe the spirits of animals and plants a deliberate gesture of gratitude for their contributions. 

  • Many, if not all, forms of life, according to Others, have their own intellect and integrity, and should be produced as colleagues and companions, and in some cases as instructors. 
  • Men wrapped in animal skins, presumably practicing shamanic or hunting magic, are portrayed in Neolithic cave paintings as the earliest known magical working between humans and ocher animals.
  • Dances, songs, and folktales depict the activities and adventures of significant animal species such as the bear, raven, owl, wolf, and fox, from the inuit of the Arctic Circle to the Ainu, the oldest seti people on the Japanese islands. 
  • In one Ainu ceremony, the ladies wear blankets dyed to look like crows and do a line dance to the accompaniment of drums and chant. 
  • The Ainu are also the only surviving bear cultists, who worshiped a female bear deity and drank from her skull during holy ceremonies until modern times. 
  • The shaman's capacity to take animal shape, seek the assistance of an animal friend, or co-share consciousness with an animal enables him to see and hear the world from the ground, the air, and under the sea. 
  • Wiccans and Asatru who use traditional lion trance techniques frequently report that their spirit guides take the form of animals, and many will "shape-change" during their spirit journeys, allowing them co fly and swim, as well as walk and run, in their search for hidden knowledge. 
  • Animal companions that bring good fortune or bad fortune are a global occurrence. 
  • A folk tale about a supernatural fish who bestows good or ill wishes on a fisherman is an example of an animal aid. 
  • A shape-shifting chase between a goddess and her "prey" in a British ballad recalls an incident in the Mabinogian in which Cerridwen (or Caridwin) chases Gwion Bach for stealing a magical brew meant for another, bestowing upon him the power of animal language and, after his transformation into Tales and poetry. 

  • Many deities in Norse mythology have animal forms as well as animal companions. 
  • Skadhi, a mountain giantess, could transform into a hawk, her father Thiazy into an eagle, and Freya, a Vanic goddess, into a falcon. 
  • Lieu cooks on an eagle in Celtic mythology, whereas other goddesses are associated with horses or swans. 
  • Because of their nocturnal habits, quiet flying, and spooky night cry, owls were linked with wisdom as a symbol of the Greek goddesses Athena and Demeter, but also with death or sorcery by many peoples. 
  • Many gods and goddesses that wandered the battlefield, like as the Irish Morrigan, were linked with ravens and crows, which scavenge on dead flesh. Snakes have long been emblems of feminine knowledge and strength, from the Minoan snake goddess of Knossos to the Nagas of India. 

  • Pagan religion also includes fish, amphibians, arachnids, and insects. A salmon is a sign of knowledge in Celtic mythology. 
  • Toads have been revered for their toxic and hallucinogenic secretions, frogs have been respected for their metamorphosis from toadpoles, spiders have been venerated for their ability to spin, and scarabs (dung beetles) have been venerated for their ability to emerge out of trash. 
  • Freya was believed to ride in a cat-drawn wagon. Goddesses and cats, on the other hand, have a lengthy history. 
  • The statue of a mountain goddess discovered in C::atal Hilyilk and dated to about 6000 B.C.S. is thought to be Cybele or a comparable proto-goddess; it depicts the goddess surrounded by two lions. Juno's chariot was drawn by the Lions. 
  • Only two of the deities who were known as Lady of the Beasts and protectors of all animals were Astarte and Artemis. 
  • To entice Europa, the Greek deity Zeus assumed the shape of a bull. 
  • The Templars were accused of worshiping Baphomet, a goat-headed god associated with the Christian Satan. 
  • As Paganism started its contemporary resurgence in the early twentieth century, Pan, the goat-footed deity, was rediscovered and replaced Diana as the main male and female deities. 
  • Stag gods are said to have originated in prehistoric Britain and Europe, but the rituals of the hunter and the hunted, who was both a god of fertility and a god of death, were carried on as rural pageants into the medieval and early modern eras. 

Many Egyptian gods and goddesses were animals, either by birth or by agreement. 

  • Their animal­ human essence was linked, and it is a testament to the unification of mankind and all of nature, which was ingrained in both Egyptian religion and everyday life in ancient Egypt. 
  • The most well-known Egyptian animal goddesses are undoubtedly Bast, the cat-headed goddess of the household, and her wilder sister, Sekhmet, the lion-headed goddess. 
  • Ta-urc, the hip­popotamus goddess of birthing and fertility, and Sebek, the crocodile deity of protection and retribution, as well as funerary and pharaonic deities like Tahuti ibis), Anubis jackal), and Horus (falcon), were prominent to every Egyptian deities. In many parts of the globe, cats are the foundation of wealth. 
  • As a result, it's not unexpected that cows and bulls have been integrated into religious beliefs. 
  • The primordial cow Audhumla licked the first man free from a block of salty ice, according to Norse mythology. Hathor, the Egyptian deity, is shown wearing a cow-horn headpiece. 
  • The Apis bull was an early Egyptian fertility deity with solar and chthonic characteristics, and holy bulls were slaughtered and mummified in his honor. 

Modern-day Wiccans have resurrected the Sacred Stag and his foliate form, the Green Man, as emblems of the masculine essence, replacing Pan. 

  • Pigs and boars were the main sacrifice animals for the Eleusinian Mysteries in Greece, and they represented a variety of goddesses and gods from India to Egypt to Ireland (see Mystery Religions). 
  • Dogs were linked with the virgin huntress Diana, a Roman goddess. Cerberus, a three-headed hound, guarded the Greek underworld. 
  • However, throughout the Middle Ages, dogs, particularly black canines, were linked with the Christian Satan. 
  • An intoxicated sacristan dedicated to the Virgin Mary was stumbling out of the basement to go to church when he was accosted by a bull, a dog, and a lion, according to a twelfth-century tale. 
  • In each instance, a female with a white handkerchief drove the animals away till the chef the sacristan was finally rucked into bed. 

It was thought that witches maintained familiars, or creatures that clung to their bid­ clings, throughout the Middle Ages and early modern era. 

  • Fear of a lady or man who could speak with animals and didn't follow the Christian taboo that separated people from all other creatures often resulted in the death of the individual and his or her animal companion. 
  • Much of the wanton cruelty to vehicles and dogs that animal rights organizations are fighting today likely started with these slaughters. 
  • While owls, crows or ravens, hens, and a wide variety of ocher animals are often thought of as witches' familiars, witches have been known to connect with owls, crows or ravens, hens, and a broad variety of ocher animals. 
  • To create a familiar, the witch would traditionally allow the animal companion to nurse from her or taste a drop of her blood, forming a mother-­child connection with her animal companion. 
  • Animals may have been revered as gods or symbols of gods, but they were also sacrifices in ancient times. 
  • They were sometimes simply slaughtered in a ceremonial manner—for example, to worship Cattle on their journey to the butcher's shop—but more frequently they were given in blood rituals to honor a deity or to send a message to a god in the Otherworld. 
  • Huge cemeteries filled of mummified vehicles, ibises, hawks, and other creatures provide silent witness to the temple business of animal sacrifice. 

Modern Pagans and Wiccans see animals as having souls, and therefore regard their lives as holy in the same way that human life is revered. 

  • The death of a beloved pet cat, dog, or snake may be just as painful for many neo-Pagans as the death of a human relative, and some Pagan periodicals include "in memoriam" sections where both two-footed and non-two-footed family members can be remembered. 
  • Many Witches take pleasure in vehicle herding, or at least mutual feline-human respect, and Polk traditions like as horse whispering have been extended to encompass communication with a range of nonhuman people. 
  • Human and nonhuman per­ son connection and mutual respect are essential elements in the preservation of the numerous species that are threatened today, according to most neo-Pagans.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Was Victor H. Anderson?

ANDERSON, VICTOR (1917-2001) 

Victor Anderson, one of the founders of the Vicca Faery tradition, was born in Clayton, New Mexico, on May 21, 1917, to Hilbert and Frances Anderson. His father delivered him on their ranch. 

  • Victor met his wife, Cora, in person in Bend, Oregon, in 1944, after meeting on the astral plane for many years (see Astral Temple). 
  • They married three days later, on May 3, after instantly recognizing one other. Victor lost nearly all of his sight as a result of an accident when he was a kid. 
  • Anderson was mainly self-educated, although attending a blind school in Oregon. 
  • He was a voracious reader and writer, having published Thorns of the Bloodrose in 1970 and many essays on the Faery religion and Hawaiian Huna. 
  • Anderson was also a gifted linguist who knew Hawaiian, Spanish, Creole, Greek, Italian, and Gothic, among other languages. 

When Victor died, he and his wife Cora established the Faery tradition of the Old Religion and managed their coven, Nostos ("Blue Circle"). 

  • The Andersons intervened in a quarrel between their son Victor and another little child in the 1950s.
  • The Andersons' next-door neighbor became a close friend and was even ritually initiated into their tradition, eventually changing his name to Gwydlon Penddeiwen. 
  • The majority of the ritual texts currently in use by the Faery tradition were written by Pendderwen and Anderson. 

Cora was an author in her own right, co-authoring "Etheric Anatomy: 

  • The Three Selves and Astral Travel" with Victor and writing "Fifty Years in the Feri Tradition." At the age of 93, she passed away in 2008. (STR)

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is The Ancient Druid Order (ADO), Or Druid Order?

The Druid Order, also known as the Ancient Druid Order (ADO) or An Druidh Uileach Braitheachas (ADUB), was established in England in about 1906. 

George Watson MacGregor Reid, the Chosen Chief from 1909 until 1946, was the guiding light. 

  • Reid was a universalist, believing that there was truth in all of the World's religions. 
  • He grew up at a time when the Theosophical Society, established by Russian mystic Helena Perrovna Blavatsky (see Occult l'lecursots to Witchcraft), dominated alternative spirituality in Britain. Blavatsky wrote about spirit guides who were ascended Tibetan Masters. 
  • Gnostic Christianity, Greek mystery schools, and Egyptian magic were all studied by other theosophists. 
  • MacGregor Reid's Ancient Druid Order included all of these inspirations and more. 

In 1913, members of the order clashed with authorities when they refused to pay the modest admittance fee that was being levied at the time for entry to the megalithic temple at Stonehenge.

  • Faced with two police officers at the temple's entrance, MacGregor Reid cast a curse on the temple's owner, during which he summoned pagan Irish gods, Tibetan Masters, and Christian angels, among others. 
  • The members of the Ancient Druid Order were the white-robed group photographed every summer solstice conducting their morning ritual at Stonehenge from the early 1960s until the 1980s. 
  • In the 1980s, when chaos erupted surrounding an illegally organized free event near the henge, ADO relocated the ceremony a day later. 

On the spring and fall equinoxes, the order conducts regular rituals at Parliament Hill and Primrose Hill in London, as well as lectures.

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