Showing posts with label Yajnavalkya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Yajnavalkya. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Are The Yajnavalkya?

 

Yajnavalkya or "remembered" writings, a genre of literature that is significant but not as authoritative as the shrutis, or "heard" scriptures.

This smrti is attributed to the sage Yajnavalkya and is an example of a Dharma Shastra, which were texts that prescribed principles for proper human conduct and ideal social life.

Unlike the Dharma Sutras, which are attributed to identifiable individuals, the Dharma Shastras are usually attributed to mythic sages in order to strengthen the authority of these texts.

There are around a thousand verses in the existing text, split into parts on religious custom (achara), justice administration (vyavahara), and expiation (prayashchitta).

The Yajnavalkya Smrti was the subject of numerous commentaries, one of which, the Mitakshara, was given the status of a legal code for the greater part of India during the British empire.

Estimates on its date of composition range from the first to the sixth century, but it is clearly later than the Manu Smrti because some parts of the middle section are far more developed.


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Hinduism - What Is The Jaratkarava Artabhaga?



In the BrhadaranyakaUpanishad, one of the oldest Upanishads, one of the teacher Yajnavalkya's interviewers.


The third chapter of this upanishad introduces a succession of interrogators, each attempting to put Yajnavalkya's claim that he is the finest brahmin of all time to the test.

Yajnavalkya is ultimately questioned by Artabhaga regarding the human sense faculties and their regions of operation, and what happens to a person after death.

In what is often considered as the first mention to this essential Indian religious concept, Yajnavalkya takes him aside in secret and explains to him about karma ("activity"). 


Kiran Atma


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Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.