Showing posts with label Doshas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Doshas. Show all posts

Ayurveda - Remembering Illustrious Aryavaidyan, Dr. P.K. Warrier

Aryavaidyan Dr. P.K. Warrier, the most illustrious name in Ayurveda, has passed away. On Saturday, he died in Kailasa Mandiram in Kottakkal, the headquarters of Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier's Arya Vaidya Sala. 

Five weeks after Arya Vaidya Sala celebrated his centennial birthday, the doyen of Ayurveda passed away. Last month, he was said to be recuperating from a coronavirus illness.  Because of COVID-19, he had been avoiding in-person medical consultations. 

  • Dr. P.K. Warrier, who popularized Ayurvedic medicines and treatments across the globe, died on Saturday at his home in Kottakkal, Malappuram district. 
  • He was the managing trustee of Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala, a well-known Ayurvedic treatment center and manufacturer of high-quality Ayurvedic medications. 
  • Dr. Warrier, served as the Managing Trustee of Arya Vaidya Sala since 1954, and had been instrumental in bringing the century-old institution to new heights of glory and acclaim. 
  • On June 8th, he turned 100 years old. He was the nephew of Arya Vaidya Sala founder Vaidyaratnam P.S. Warrier. Madhavikutty K. Warrier, the late poet, was his wife. 

In 1999, the country bestowed the Padma Shri on him, followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2010. 

Over the course of his seven-decade career, he has become synonymous with Kottakkal Ayurveda. Dr. Warrier, a freedom warrior, gave Ayurveda a new face by looking at people holistically and treating the body and mind as a whole. 

  • In 2009, his book Smrithiparvam received the Kerala Sahitya Academy Award for best autobiography. The Canto of Memories, the English version, was likewise a great hit. 
  • He served as president of the All India Ayurvedic Congress on two occasions. 
  • Dr. Warrier treated a wide range of VVIPs in the nation as the head physician of Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala, including Presidents and Prime Ministers. 
  • Over the course of his almost seven-decade career, Warrier established a standard for Indian traditional healing and played a key part in the rebirth of Ayurveda. 
  • The Vaidya Sala developed into a renowned center of ayurveda medicine under Warrier's leadership, transforming traditional treatment into contemporary, classical therapy. 
  • Warrier never took consultation fees from wealthy or poor people as a physician. 
  • In the past six decades, P K Warrier had led the Arya Vaidya Sala to tremendous heights. Kottakal has become associated with his name.

To learn more about  Kottakal Arya Vaidya Sala please visit,

You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Allergies

    Allergies are a doshic response to a specific allergen, such as pollen, dust, chemicals on a rug, ragweed, or any strong chemical scent, according to Ayurvedic samprapti (pathogenesis). 

    3 Types Of Allergic Responses 

    • Vata Allergies 

    • Stomach bloating, gastric pain, and even intestinal colic are symptoms of Vata-type allergies.
    • Wheezing, sneezing, headaches, ringing in the ears, and sleeplessness are all symptoms of a vata allergy. 
    • Some people, for example, develop wheezing when they are exposed to dust or pollen. The wheezing is caused by the vata dosha constricting the bronchial tree. 
    • Insomnia and other vata-related symptoms may also be present. 

    • Pitta Allergies  

    • Pitta dosha is already present beneath the skin in a pitta allergy. 
    • When a person comes into touch with an allergen, such as chemicals, ragweed, or some synthetic materials, the pitta enters through the capillaries and causes a rash, itching, hives, urticaria, allergic dermatitis, or eczema, which are all pitta-type allergic responses. 

    • Kapha Allergy 

    • During the spring season, when plants and trees release pollen into the air, kapha allergies are common. 
    • When pollens, such as juniper or any other pollen, are breathed, they irritate the delicate mucous membrane in the nasal-respiratory tube, causing hay fever, colds, congestion, cough, sinus infection, and even asthma in certain individuals. 

    To effectively treat allergies, we must first determine if they are vata, pitta, or kapha in nature. Then we'll be able to decide on a specific treatment plan. 

    • Your prakruti (constitution) forecasts your allergy proneness in the majority of instances, maybe 80% of the time. 
    • That is, there is typically a link between an individual's constitution and the kind of allergic response they have. 
    • When the vikruti, or present state of the system, reveals a pitta imbalance, a person with pitta prakruti is more likely to develop a pitta allergic response. 
    • However, a kapha individual may have a vata imbalance owing to food, environmental circumstances, emotional issues, or other variables, and so on. 



    • A dashamoola tea basti is one of the most effective treatments for vata-type allergies (enema). 
    • To prepare a tea, steep 1 tablespoon of the herbal compound dashamoola in 1 pint of water for 5 minutes. Cool the liquid, filter it, and use it as an enema.
    • This dashamoola tea basti may help with vata symptoms including wheezing, sneezing, dryness of the throat, dryness of the colon leading to distension, constipation, and abdominal pain. 


    • Use the following herbal formula: ashwagandha 1 component balancing 1 vidari, 
    • To alleviate vata allergies, mix these herbs in equal proportions and take 14 teaspoon of the powder 3 times a day, washed down with warm water.
    • To calm a severe wheezing condition, prepare one cup of ginger or licorice tea by boiling 1 teaspoon of the herb in 1 cup of water for approximately 3 minutes. 
    • After that, add 5 to 10 drops of mahanarayan oil, stir well, and drink one sip every 10 to 15 minutes. (If you don't have mahanarayan oil, use 12 teaspoon normal ghee instead.) 



    • This herbal mixture is effective for pitta pacification: 8 components of shatavari dudha kama 1 part shanka bhasma, 12 parts guduchi 14th part 12 teaspoon of this combination, mixed with a little warm water, should be taken 2 or 3 times a day after meals. 
    • Apply neem oil or tikta ghrita (bitter ghee) to the skin if you have hives, rash, urticaria, dermatitis, or eczema. 


    Individuals with high pitta, who are prone to acquiring pitta-type issues such as sunburn during the summer season, should perform rakta moksha, or bloodletting, before the summer season begins, according to Ayurveda. 

    • Despite the fact that this technique is not well-regarded in the West, it is nevertheless extensively used in India since it has proved to be an effective preventative and therapeutic strategy. 
    • To put it to good use right now, consider donating 12 pints (100 cc) of blood to a blood bank. This will aid in the relief of pitta-related diseases including allergic dermatitis and allergic eczema. 

    A blood-cleansing herbal combination may be used to have a similar effect. 

    • Mix equal parts of the herbs manjistha and neem, for example. neem 1 part manjistha 1 component After meals, take 12 teaspoon of this combination with warm water three times a day. It will purify the blood and aid in the recovery of pitta-type allergies. 
    • Burdock, a popular Western plant, is an effective blood purifier; prepare a tea with 12 teaspoon burdock per cup of boiling water and drink it 2 or 3 times each day. 



    • Respiratory pulmonary congestion, cough, cold, asthma, or hay fever are common symptoms of kapha allergies. 
    • Use the herbal formula below to get relief from these symptoms: 4 components of sitopaladi 4 sections of yashti madhu abrak bhasma 18th part Take a quarter teaspoon of this combination with honey three times a day. 



    • Excess kapha builds up in the stomach and lungs, causing kapha-type allergies. 
    • Purgation treatment is one method to alleviate congestion (virechana). 
    • Take 1 teaspoon of flaxseed oil (available in most natural food shops) 2 or 3 times a day for 2 or 3 days. 
    • This is going to be really effective. You may also utilize triphala.


    • Vamana, or vomiting treatment, is an Ayurvedic therapy that is especially effective for eliminating excess kapha from the stomach and respiratory system. 
    • However, I've observed that there is a significant cultural prejudice against vomiting in the West, and many individuals seem to be especially uncomfortable with this process. 
    • It is not only physically repulsive, but it may also be emotionally difficult, since some emotional puri cation may follow from the physical puri cation. 
    • So, if you're prone to strong emotions or have difficulty coping with them, you may want to avoid using vamana. 
    • If you wish to give it a try—and I want to stress that it is extremely effective for removing excess kapha—drink a stomach full of licorice tea and salt water, then vomit it, emptying the stomach. Begin by consuming several cups of licorice tea, followed by a pint of water with approximately 1 teaspoon of salt. 
    • Drink till your stomach hurts, then touch the back of your tongue and vomit. 

    : Do not use vaman treatment if you have high blood pressure, low blood pressure, hiatal hernia, or a history of cardiac issues. 



    Take 12 to 1 teaspoon of triphala at night for all three kinds of allergies. 

    • Triphala is a laxative as well as a purgative. 
    • Amalaki, bibhitaki, and haritaki are the three herbs that make up this formula. 
    • Haritaki is good for the vata dosha, amalaki is good for the pitta dosha, and bibhitaki is good for the kapha dosha. 


    • Follow a vata-soothing diet for vata allergies, a pitta-pacifying diet for pitta allergies, and a kapha-reducing diet for kapha allergies. 


    • Individuals with allergies should avoid dietary pairings that are incompatible, such as milk and yogurt, meat and dairy, chicken and dairy, melon and grains, or fruits and grains. 
    • Banana milkshakes and milk-based "fruit smoothies" should be avoided. Please refer to a more comprehensive list of food incompatibilities. 


    • Most allergies should be avoided by avoiding the direct cause: the allergen. 
    • Cats, dogs, hair, pollen, mold, and other animals that cause allergies should be avoided at all costs.
    • Also, avoid synthetic fibers like polyester and rayon, which may trigger pitta-type skin sensitivities. Cotton clothing is recommended. 
    • Because of the huge amount of pesticides sprayed on cotton, you may want to stick to organic cotton goods, even if they are more costly. 


    • The respiratory route is often exposed to dust and other allergens. 
    • Ghee lubrication of the nasal mucous membrane is one method to reduce the effect of allergens that you can't avoid. 
    • This prevents the allergen from coming into close touch with the mucosal membrane. 


    • Applying neem oil to the exposed area of the body is another method to minimize or prevent the effects of environmental allergies. 
    • Because of the oil's presence on the skin, as well as neem's disinfecting qualities, contact with the allergen is reduced. 

    NOTE: Use neem herbalized oil, which is made from neem leaves boiled in a sesame or other oil basis. Neem extract in its purest form will be too potent. If even this herbalized neem oil is too powerful for you and causes itching or burning, dilute it with half and half coconut oil. 


    • The majority of allergies are caused by stress. 
    • Stress creates an imbalance in the mind and body. 
    • Empty Bowl meditation is a kind of meditation that helps to restore equilibrium and, as a result, may assist with stress-related allergies.  


    • The Sun Salutation is the most beneficial yoga asana for kapha and vata allergies. 
    • Do the Moon Salutation if you have pitta allergies. 


    • For respiratory allergies including hay fever, wheezing, and sneezing, alternate nostril breathing is effective. 
    • Bhastrika (Breath of Fire) is beneficial for kapha-type allergies. 
    • In addition, ujjayi pranayama boosts immunity and is beneficial for allergies of all kinds.

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Self Care - Importance Of Forgiveness

    Forgiving yourself and others may be a very therapeutic activity. 

    Harboring on to anger or holding grudges, according to Ayurveda, may lead to a buildup of toxic ama in our bodies. 

    This letter-writing process gives you the opportunity to recognize and then let go of your pain and anger, releasing any bad energy that has been stored in your body. 


    Reduces the weight of a grudge; relieves sorrow and tension; gives a feeling of comfort; fosters optimism. 


    Approximately 20 minutes, or as long as you need. It may be done as many times as necessary. 


    As emotions are released, you may feel worse at first. These emotions should pass, but if they don't, you should seek professional help. 


    Breathe gently and deeply to focus your thoughts. Inhale for 5 counts with your nose, then exhale for 5 counts through your mouth. Rep 3 times more. 

    1. Consider who you'd want to write to and why. Make a list of any emotions, thoughts, or phrases that come to mind. 
    2. Use your notes as a starting point for drafting your message. Instead of using harsh words or making accusations, try to describe how the event has impacted you. 
    3. Ask the recipient for forgiveness at the end of your letter. Now read your letter from beginning to end, paying attention to how you feel. 
    4. Finish the ceremony by ripping up or burning your letter in a safe manner. 
    5. Visualize your bad feelings dissipating as the words fade away.

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Self Massage

    Abhyanga (warm oil self-massage) is an important part of Ayurveda, since it nourishes the body, calms the mind, and soothes the spirit. 

    This simple massage, done every morning before showering, can help to balance your doshas and remove any toxins that have built up overnight. 


    Massage relieves stress and improves circulation while cultivating self-acceptance. 

    Sesame oil lubricates, heals, and softens the skin and deep tissues.


    5–10 minutes each day, preferably in the morning. 


    3–5 tsp cured sesame oil (curing is a specific heating procedure that increases the oil's strength); a towel


    1. Warm a little amount of oil in your hands by gently rubbing your palms together. Begin by rubbing the oil into your neck, shoulders, and chest region using your palms and fingertips in short, circular motions. 
    2. Focus on your arms, hands, and fingers, as well as your belly, lower back, and buttocks. Maintain a steady rhythm with your strokes. Take additional oil if necessary. 
    3. Continue massaging the front and back of your thighs, lower legs, and tips of your feet down your torso. You shouldn't oil your feet's soles since you may slide in the shower. 
    4. Allow your skin to absorb the oil by sitting on a towel in a chair for approximately 5 minutes. Inhale deeply and slowly through your nose, then exhale slowly and deeply through your mouth. Shower as usual, but just use a little amount of shower gel to avoid washing away all of the oil. 

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Self Care - Tongue Scraping

    Tongue scraping is an Ayurvedic technique for removing poisons from the tongue and therefore avoiding sickness and disease. Toxins are removed by scraping the tongue. 

    It also allows you to completely appreciate your meals throughout the day. 

    • Most individuals have some dirt on their tongue when they wake up, but a thick coating is a symptom of ama in the system. 
    • Ama is a sticky waste product that results from inadequate digestion. 
    • When agni is weak or overwhelmed by the incorrect meals, it builds up in the digestive system. 
    • If ama isn't adequately cleansed, it builds up and circulates throughout the body, ultimately settling in areas and creating obstructions in the srotamsi (energy channels) and unbalancing the doshas. 
    • This may result in a disease known as Amavisha in Sanskrit, which is a persistent accumulation of poisons. 
    • After eating, Amavisha may produce a heaviness and fogginess in the head, stiffness in the joints, and a drowsy, dull sensation. 

    Ayurvedic Technique To Detox The Tongue

    Tongue scraping not only eliminates toxins, but it also removes any hidden bacteria, such as streptococcus, so they don't reintroduce themselves into the system and create illnesses. 

    Scraping the taste buds also helps to reactivate them by removing the layer that dulls their sensitivity. 

    1. Before brushing your teeth in the morning and evening, you should scrape your tongue. 
    2. Use a scraper made of stainless steel or copper, which may be found at any reputable pharmacy or health shop. 
    3. Stick out your tongue and allow it to become heavy and relaxed, then quietly count to five while scraping the surface of the tongue backward and forth. 
    4. Repeat with the scraper after rinsing it. 
    5. When you're done, wash your scraper with water and let it dry naturally before rinsing your mouth. 
    6. Brush your teeth as usual, then sip a small glass of warm water to help your digestive system relax. 

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Self Care - Importance Of Self Love

    Ayurveda emphasizes the significance of connecting with your real self and learning to accept yourself completely. Only then will you be able to properly nourish yourself in order to attain holistic health. 

    When we are continually inundated with images and ideals of perfection, which may lead to self-criticism and poor self-worth, the ancient Ayurvedic teaching of self-love is particularly important today. 

    These emotions are often connected to health issues like anxiety and depression, so addressing them is critical for your long-term well-being. 

    Try these easy ways to boost your self-esteem: 

    Get up early. 

    1. When the characteristics of lightness, mobility, and emotional sensitivity of the vata dosha are most prominent, wisdom and inner knowledge are more easily accessible before dawn. 
    2. You may approach yourself with more compassion when you connect with these components of vata's energy. 

    Take care of yourself. 

    1. Taking time each day for silence can help you connect more vividly to your real self. You may also try meditating to strengthen this bond. 
    2. Unplug Excess vata dosha, which may cause anxiety, can be caused by sensory overload. 
    3. During the day, and a few hours before bed, turn off your gadgets if feasible. 
    4. You will be less judgmental of yourself and able to give yourself more compassion if you are less nervous. 

    Spend time in the great outdoors. 

    1. When we can harmonize with nature and the components found in all three doshas, we are at our healthiest. 
    2. This helps you find a deeper sense of self-acceptance by increasing ojas (immunity), decreasing self-criticism, and restoring vital life energy (prana).

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Self Care For Fatigue And Improving Energy Levels

    Many of us are tired and lacking in energy as a result of the pressures and expectations of contemporary, fast-paced living. 

    Low energy is typically the consequence of an overabundance in one of the doshas, according to Ayurveda. 

    Mental weariness is caused by vata, emotional fatigue by pitta, and bodily fatigue by kapha imbalance. 

    You may find that the following typical symptoms linked with each dosha disruption seem more severe if you have more of a specific dosha's characteristics in your own constitution. 

    Vata Balancing

    • Vata excess may make you mentally exhausted, disoriented, and unable to concentrate. 
    • Eat a vata-balancing diet rich in fats and grains, as well as warm, soupy meals, to combat this. 
    • To avoid vata fatigue, do yoga in the evening  to quiet and cleanse your mind, and limit your screen time. 

    Kapha Balancing 

    • Physically, you may have an overabundance of kapha, leaving you tired and unable to move much. You may quickly get out of breath if you do. 
    • To combat kapha's sluggishness, get up early in the morning when vata, the energy of activity, is at its most potent. 
    • Eat lighter, less oily meals like beans, lentils, and leafy green vegetables to combat kapha's heaviness. 
    • A morning massage with warming cedar oil  may also help balance the chilly, thick characteristics of kapha. 

    Pitta Balancing

    • Your symptoms may manifest in your emotions, such as becoming easily annoyed, if you have too much pitta. 
    • When you're feeling this way, stay away from pungent and sour meals; their pitta characteristics can only exacerbate your symptoms. 
    • To help you control, evaluate, and manage your emotions, try journaling  and massaging yourself with a cooling oil. 
    • To help moderate pitta's sour characteristics, drink warm water flavored with sweet fennel and cardamom seeds throughout the day.

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Ayurvedic Ingredients

    Dictionary of Common and Uncommon Ayurvedic  Ingredients

    Aduki- Also known as adzuki or feijao, this small dark red bean is native to Japan and China. Rich in nutrients, it is considered, like mung, to be a tridoshic bean. 

    Agar agar- A buff-colored, translucent seaweed available in 12-inch bars or in flakes. Indigenous to India, agar-agar has been used since Vedic times as a food thickener and to make gels. Use warm water or other liquid to dissolve. Available in most health food stores and in Indian and Oriental grocery stores. May be used by all types. 

    Ajwan (ajwain)- Also known as bishopweed, this tiny spice seed is related to caraway and cumin. Its delicate flavor resembles the combined tastes of lemon, pepper and thyme. Available in Indian and Oriental grocery stores and occasionally in health food stores. Good for Kapha and Vata types. 

    Aloe vera- Called kumari in Sanskrit, aloe vera is bitter, astringent, sweet and cooling in nature. It is used in pancha karma therapy as a tonic, blood cleanser, mild laxative, and for douching. Excellent for Pitta, it may be used by all types. 

    Aragvadha (purging cassia)- A family of the senna plant, the fruit, bark and pods are used in Ayurvedic purgative therapy. Pungent and bitter in taste and cooling in energy, the fruits, bark and pods are used primarily by Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Arka (sadapushpi)- The root, leaves and flowers are known for their extensive use in Ayurvedic purgative and emesis therapy. The "milk" of the plant is known for its sharp potency, and a few drops of it is used to alkalize purgative decoctions. Arka is bitter and pungent in nature and is heating in energy. Good for Kapha, Pitta and Vata disorders. 

    Ashwagandha- Bitter, astringent and heating in nature, this herb may be used primarily by Vata and Kapha types as a tonic, nervine, aphrodisiac and a rejuvenative. 

    Atibala- This herb, like bala, is sweet and cooling and may be used by all three doshas, although it is most suitable for Pitta and Kapha types. Atibala is used as a mild laxative as well as a tonic and calming agent. 

    Ayurvedic formulated oils- Amavathahara, anu taila, bilva, brahmi, chakra, dashamula, dhanvantari, kaseesadi, ksheerabala, masha, Narayana, nirgundi, pinda, padmaka, shatavari, sidda, yasti madhu. 

    Ayurvedic formulated pills- Avipattkar, icchabhedhi, drakshadi, jalodharari, kutajaghana.

    Ayurvedic medicated ghee- Tikta ghrita, maha tikta ghrita, brahmi ghrita, mati- kalyana ghrita, guggulu tikta ghrita. 

    Bala- Sweet and cooling in nature, this herb may be used for all three doshas as a rejuvenative tonic and nervine. 

    Besan- Chickpea flour. Good for Pitta and Kapha types and maybe used occasionally by Vata types. 

    Bhringaraja- Bitter, sweet and cooling in nature, this herb may be used for all three doshas as a nervine, blood cleanser and tonic. 

    Black cumin- Called kala jeera in Sanskrit, the black cumin is a relative of both the cumin and caraway plants. Used extensively in Vedic cooking, black cumin, like cumin, is considered good for all three doshas. It is pungent and bitter in taste and is used as a stimulant, blood cleanser and carminative. Available at Indian grocery stores. 

    Brahma dandi (Mexican poppy)- Pungent, astringent and sweet in taste with heating energy, the root, seeds and flowers are used in pancha karma to soothe Vata disorders, and sometimes Pitta disorders. 

    Brahmi (Indian pennyworth or thyme-leaved gratiola)- Also called gotu kola, the whole plant is used Ayurvedically. Bitter, pungent, sweet and cooling in nature, brahmi is used to promote memory, sleep, and longevity. It is used as a blood cleanser, to reduce internal bleeding and to alleviate heart disease and diabetes. Good for all doshas but excellent for Pitta disorders. 

    Burdock root- This dark brown root of the burdock plant is long, thin and wiry and has medicinal properties. Bitter, pungent, sweet and astringent in taste with heating energy, this root is good for Pitta and Kapha types. Available in health food stores. 

    Cardamom- Known as ela or elachi in Sanskrit, the cardamom pods and seeds are used extensively in both Vedic cooking and Ayurvedic medicine. Cardamom is sweet, pungent and heating in nature and may be used primarily by Vata and Kapha types as a carminative and stimulant, as well as to relieve mucus. It may also be used occasionally by Pitta types. 

    Chana dhal- A variety of small chick pea, which is husked and split, this buff-yellow dhal is very popular in Indian cuisine. Best for Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Chitraka- Pungent and hot in nature, this herb is used by Vata and Kapha types to promote digestion, regulate menstrual flow, and as a tonic for liver, spleen and intestine. 

    Coconut- The whole coconut fruit is used extensively in India to make many wholesome products. Sweet in taste, the fresh and dried coconut as well as the coconut oil are used in Ayurveda as a neutralizing tonic and diuretic by Pitta and Vata types. Available at Indian and Oriental grocery stores. 

    Dadima (pomegranate fruit)- Sweet, bitter and astringent in nature, the pomegranate fruit is used extensively in pancha karma therapy as a tonic and blood cleanser. It is also used to destroy bacteria, parasites, fungus and yeast in the body. Good for Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Dashamula- A combination of ten Ayurvedic herbs, namely: ashwagandha, shatavari, yastimadhu, punarnava, arjuna, bala, bilva, gokshura, vidari and kumari, generally used in pancha karma therapy for Vata disorders. 

    Dhanyaka (coriander leaves and seeds)- Used extensively in Vedic cooking as well as in Ayurveda, coriander is bitter, pungent and cooling in nature. It is good for all three doshas. 

    Draksha- Sweet and cooling in nature, the grape powder, juice or medicinal wine is generally used in pancha karma therapies. Good for Vata and Pitta types, although Kapha types may use occasionally. 

    Echinacea- A relative of the camel's thistle (utkataka), this herb is bitter, pungent and cooling in nature. Used for its antibiotic quality, echinacea also helps to induce sweating. Good for Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Eranda (castor root and oil)- Pungent, sweet and heating in nature, castor root and oil are used in purgation therapy as a strong laxative causing rapid evacuation. Castor root and oil also calm the tissues and relieve pain. Good for Vata types. Fruits used in pancha karma (fresh fruit, fruit juice and dried fruit powder)- pilu, draksha, palasha, bilva, badri kanchanara (red and white variety), dadima, amalaki, bibhitaki, and haritaki.  

    Ghee- Best made fresh , this clarified butter is also available in health food stores and Indian grocery stores. Ghee is excellent for Vata and Pitta uses. 

    Gokshura- Sweet, bitter and cooling in nature, this herb may be used mostly by Pitta and Kapha types as a diuretic, tonic and aphrodisiac. 

    Gotu kola- See Brahmi. 

    Gourds used in pancha karma- Dokshi, koshataki (torai), koshaphala (bidali), katukumbi (bottle gourd), mahajali (kadwi torai). Generally the seeds, which are pungent and bitter, and fruits, which are cooling, are used in emesis therapy to relieve excess Kapha. Fresh gourds are available at Indian grocery stores. 

    Gum arabic- Sweet and cooling in nature, gum Arabic is used as an emollient to the tissues as well as a tonic to calm the internal membranes. Good for Pitta and Vata types. 

    Japa (shoe flower, or hibiscus)- The leaves, roots, flowers and buds are used in pancha karma therapy. Sweet, astringent and heating in nature, hibiscus is used as a blood cleanser, to relieve thirst and stop internal bleeding. Good for Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Honey (madhu)- In Ayurveda, honey is known as yogavaha, since it enhances the therapeutic effects of the medicines which are added to it. Its unique qualities of sweet and astringent tastes, yet heating energy, make honey an excellent vehicle for carrying medicines deeply into bodily tissues, allowing penetration through the subtle tissues and pores. Adding to its uniqueness is the effectiveness of naturally aged honey in reducing obesity and diabetes. For obesity, honey is mixed in hot water. This is the only circumstance in which honey is combined with heat, since when heated or used in hot substances, honey becomes highly toxic in the body. Honey is excellent for Vata and Kapha disorders. Even though sweet, it reduces Kapha due to its dry, rough and heavy attributes. Although heating in nature, it may be used discriminately by Pitta types, especially as a medicinal carrier. Honey is used to alleviate conditions such as ulcers, bronchitis, asthma, hiccoughs, nausea, excessive thirst, bleeding, diabetes, eye diseases (when applied topically) and sore throat. Honey also promotes intelligence, strength and determination. 

    Hot chili pepper- Native to tropical and semi-tropical climates, chili peppers come in an infinite variety of hotness. Those recommended in this book are the mediumhot variety, such as the one-inch long red or green chilies found in Indian, Oriental, and Latin American grocery stores. You can reduce the heat of a pepper by deseeding it. Cut off the stem and slice the pepper in two lengthwise. Use a dinner knife to scrape the seeds off. Alternatively, remove the stem by cutting around it and twisting or pulling it out of the pepper; most of the seeds should come out with the stem intact. Good for Kapha types although it may be used occasionally by Vata types. 

    Unrefined brown sugar (jaggery and gur)- For millennia, jaggery and gur, both unrefined sugars, have been culled and preserved in India's villages. Jaggery is made from the juice crushed from the sugar cane, while gur is made from the sap drained from the coconut, date and palmyra palm trees. Much in demand in India, gur is made into several types of confections and offered at religious ceremonies. The season's first batch of gur is a sought- after delicacy. Jaggery and gur, available through Indian grocers, may be used interchangeably in the formulas and recipes in this book, along with unrefined brown sugar and Sucanat, available through health food stores. When used in milk preparations, unrefined sugars should be added towards the end of the cooking process. Jaggery, gur and Sucanat share smooth, heavy, oily, sweet and cooling qualities and are used primarily to reduce excess Vata and Pitta conditions. Kapha types should use these sugars sparingly since all sugars increase body fat. 

    Jatamansi (Indian spikenard)- The root of this plant is used to relieve Pitta and sometimes Kapha conditions. Sweet, bitter and astringent in taste, jatamansi is cooling in nature. Karanja (Indian beech)- The leaves, seeds, bark and root are used extensively in pancha karma as an emetic, to relieve nervous tension, skin diseases and ulcers, and remove parasites from the body. Karanja is pungent and bitter with a heating energy, and is good for Kapha, Pitta and Vata disorders. 

    Katuki (gentian plant and root)- Bitter, pungent and cooling in nature, gentian is used as a bitter tonic, blood cleanser, and to reduce bodily heat. Good for Pitta and Kapha disorders. 

    Kudzu- The root of the kudzu plant is best known for its medicinal starch, which may also be used as a food thickener. Kudzu starch is similar to guduchi starch used in Ayurveda. Good for Pitta and Vata types, although it may be used occasionally by Kapha types. 

    Lemon grass- Pungent, bitter and cooling in nature, lemon grass is good for all three doshas. Generally used to cool the system, or as a diuretic and sweat inducer. 

    Lotus root- Known as kamala in Sanskrit, the lotus plant is native to ponds and lakes of Kashmir, China and Japan. Every part of the lotus plant is used medicinally in Ayurveda. The roots may be used fresh or dried for cooking, whereas the root powder may be used medicinally as a nutritive tonic and nervine for Pitta and Vata conditions. 

    Madana (emetic nut)- Known for its extensive use in Ayurvedic emesis therapy, both the kidney-shaped fruit and seeds are used. Madana fruits and seeds are sweet, bitter and astringent in taste and cooling in energy, and may be used by both Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Masoor dhal- Commonly called French lentil, this small bean when split resembles the red lentil. Traditional to North Indian cooking, this legume is best for Pitta and Kapha types, although seasoned appropriately, Vata types may use occasionally. 

    Matar dhal- Common split peas, yellow and green. Best for Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Mung dhal- Also known as mudga or green gram, this legume used since Vedic times is considered queen of the legumes because of its alkalizing and healing properties. May be used by all types, although Vata types need to spice appropriately. 

    Musta- Bitter, astringent, pungent and cooling in nature, this herb is used to alleviate fever, thirst, diarrhea, as well as disorders and burning sensation of the skin. A natural blood cleanser, musta is good for Pitta and Kapha disorder uses, and may be used occasionally by Vata types. 

    Neem- Also called nimba in Sanskrit, the neem tree grows predominantly in and regions of Punjab and Rajasthan. The entire tree is used medicinally in Ayurveda. Neem leaves are also used in Vedic cooking. Bitter in taste, neem is used primarily by Pitta and Kapha types to reduce conditions such as fevers and blood disorders, and as a bitter tonic. Fresh neem leaves, commonly called curry leaves, are available at Indian grocery stores. 

    Nilini (indigo plant, root or dye)- Bitter, pungent and cooling, indigo is used in pancha karma therapy as an antibiotic and mild laxative. Good for Pitta and Kapha disorders. 

    Padmaka (wild cherry bark)- this bark is used extensively in Ayurveda to relieve cough, bronchial spasm, palpitations, and skin and eye problems. Bitter, astringent and sweet in taste with cooling energy, padmaka is good for all types, but in particular for Pitta and Kapha. 

    Pippali- A hot and pungent red pepper, two to three inches long, and one of the three ingredients in the Ayurvedic formula known as trikatu. It is excellent for Kapha types, and occasionally for Vata types, to provide heat to the body and to stimulate digestion. 

    Plantain- Known as green banana in the United States and kacha kela in India, plantain is actually considered a vegetable. Used in the cuisines of South India and South and Central America, it is available in most Indian and Latin American grocery stores. Astringent, pungent and bitter in taste, plantain is a natural diuretic and may be used by Pitta and Kapha types. 

    Pudina- The Sanskrit term for mint, pudina is mentioned as a vital tridoshic herb in ancient Ayurvedic texts. Especially pleasing to Pitta types, it is available fresh or dried in health food stores and farmers' markets. 

    Punarnava- Bitter and cooling in nature, this herb may be used mostly by Pitta and Kapha as a diuretic, laxative and a rejuvenate. 

    Rock Salt- Primarily mined in crystalline form from the seabeds of the Sindh mountain region in Pakistan, where it is known as senda namak; this salt has been used since ancient times in Ayurvedic foods and medicines. It may be used by all the types and substituted for sea salt in any of the recipes in this book. Its sister salt, known as kala namak, is a deep purple, highly pungent rock crystal that has a volatile taste and a smell resembling hard boiled eggs. It may be used occasionally (in small quantity) by Vata and Kapha types. 

    Saffron- Known as kesar in Sanskrit, saffron threads are handpicked from the saffron crocus cultivated in India, China, the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. Carmine red in color with an exquisitely delicate taste, saffron is used in Ayurvedic medicine to tone the colon, cleanse the blood, regulate menstrual flow and as a rejuvenative. Saffron is also used extensively in India for making sweet drinks and desserts. It may be used by all three doshas. Available at Indian and Middle Eastern grocery stores, as well as through health food stores. 

    Shatavari- Sweet, bitter and cooling in nature, this herb is used as a nutritive and calming agent, to regulate menstrual flow and to boost the hormonal system. Good for Pitta and Vata disorders. 

    Soybean- Native to India, China and Japan, the soybean is a medium-sized bean, either black or white in color. This bean is highly nutritive, as well as cooling, making it an excellent choice for Pitta types. Seasoned appropriately, both Kapha and Vata types may use occasionally. The derivatives of the soybean, tofu and soy milk, may also be used accordingly. 

    Sucanat- Trademark for a natural sugar made from sugar cane juice. Excellent for Vata and Pitta use. Kapha types may use sparingly. 

    Tamal patra (Indian cassia)- A family of the cinnamon plant, the dried leaves and bark are used extensively in Ayurveda as a stimulant, blood cleanser and to promote perspiration through the skin. Pungent, astringent and sweet in taste with heating energy, the carnal patra is good for Vata and Kapha types, although Pitta types may also use occasionally. 

    Tamarind- The pulp of the tamarind pod, used since ancient times in India. The tamarind tree is considered auspicious in Indian mythology, and its fruit is known as imli. Fresh tamarind is available in the tropics. Dried tamarind is packed in the shape of small bricks or slabs that can be prepared as a pulp. Dried tamarind, tamarind pulp (or paste), and a gel-like tamarind concentrate are all available in Indian grocery stores. Sour and sweet in taste, Tamarind is a natural stimulant and may be used by Vata and Kapha types, although Pitta types may also use occasionally. 

    Trikatu- A combination of the three pungent herbs, ginger, pippali and black pepper, trikatu may be used primarily by Vata and Pitta types to boost digestion and to stimulate the system. 

    Triphala- A combination of three ancient Ayurvedic fruits, amalaki, haritaki and bibhitaki, triphala is an excellent tonic for all three doshas. It is used to detoxify the system, as well as a mild laxative and sleeping aid. 

    Turmeric- Also known as haridra in Sanskrit, turmeric comes from the underground rhizome of a perennial plant native to the humid regions of South India and Southeast Asia. Used extensively in both Vedic cooking and Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric is bitter, pungent and heating, but may be used for all three doshas as a blood cleanser, stimulant, and antibacterial agent. Available at Indian grocery stores and health food stores. 

    Urad dhal- Also known as masha, or black gram, this small, black legume has been used since ancient times. When husked and split, the bean is white. Traditionally used in many South Indian vegetable dishes, urad is considered a tridoshic bean. 

    Uva ursi- Astringent, bitter, pungent, and cooling in nature, this herb may be used by Pitta and Kapha types for its antiseptic and diuretic properties. 

    Vacha (calamus, or sweet flag root)- Pungent, bitter and heating in nature, vacha may be used mainly by Vata and Kapha types as a stimulant, rejuvenative and decongestant. 

    Valerian- Pungent and heating in nature, the herb valerian is used primarily as a sedative, nervine, and to tone the colon. Good for Vata and Kapha disorders. 

    Vamsha rochana (bamboo)- Sweet, astringent and cooling in nature, this herb is excellent for Pitta and Vata disorders. It relieves mucus and acts as a tonic and calming agent to the tissues. 

    Vidanga (embelia)- Pungent, astringent and heating in nature, the berries are used in Ayurveda to reduce appetite and fat and to destroy parasites, bacteria and fungus. Good for Kapha disorders. Wood powders used in pancha karma- Sandalwood, agaru and khadira. 

    Yastimadhu (madhuka)- Sweet, bitter, and cooling in nature, licorice root and root extract are generally used in both emesis and purgation therapies. Good for Pitta and Vata disorders. 

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.

    Dictionary of Sanskrit Terms used in Ayurveda

    The detailed vocabulary that follows will help you understand the many key Sanskrit terminology used in Ayurveda.

    abhyanga - anointing body with oil or ghee

    accha peya - pure cow's ghee

    agni - bodily fire, particularly digestive fire

    ahamkara - ego; the "I" notion; cosmic memory recorder of all lives

    ahara rasa - ingested nutrients, before they are digested

    aja - goat; one who transcends the cycle of births

    ajna - limitless power; name of sixth chakra

    akasha - space; principle of vacuity

    akshitarpana - herbal decoction used to revive eyes

    alambusha - one of fourteen nadis; starts at anus and ends in mouth

    alepanam - application of astringent plaster

    alochaka - fire of eyes; one of five fires of Pitta

    ama - undigested, foul-odored remnants of food in bodily channels

    anahata- fearless, unafflicted; nature of the black antelope, symbol and name of fourth chakra

    anna lepa sveda - fomentation therapy where poultice is applied to whole body

    annam - literally, "that which grows on the earth"; food

    annavaha srotas - digestive system or channels

    antahkarana - inner or psychic instrument, referring to the mind (manas), intellect (buddhi) and ego memory (ahamkara)

    anuvasana - decoction generally used in enema therapy

    apana - one of five bodily airs; air controlling ejection of bodily wastes

    artava - menstrual fluid

    artava dhatu - ovum

    artavavaha srotas - menstrual system or female reproductive channels

    ashmaghna sveda - sudation on a hot stone slab

    ashtapana - another term used for decoction enema therapy

    Astanga Hridaya - Ayurvedic text written by Vagbhatta

    asthi dhatu - bone and cartilage tissue

    Atharva Veda - one of four principle Vedas

    Atman - indwelling spirit; soul within body; Conscious Self

    avagahana sveda - sudation in a hot tub

    avalambaka - water dosha of heart; one of the five waters of Kapha

    avapeda nasya - introduction of soft paste into the nasal passages

    Ayurveda - knowledge of life; Vedic science of health

    bala - strength

    bandhana sveda - fomentation therapy where poultice is applied to a localized area of the body

    baspa sveda - fomentation occurring in a traditionally designed wooden box, whereby the head of the person remains outside of the box

    Bharata Bhumi - ancient name of India, land of Bharata; land of dharma

    bhasma - literally, "ash"; incinerated metal or mineral used as potent, powdered remedy

    bhrajaka - heat of the skin; one of the five fires of Pitta

    bhu sveda - sudation on heated surface of the earth

    bija - seed mantra

    bodhaka - water of the tongue; one of the five waters of Kapha

    brahmacarini - student of the Vedas; observing a monastic life

    Brahma Randhra - most sacred aperture of the body, situated at the center of the cranium

    brahmin - spiritual caste; one of the four castes delineated in the Hindu scriptures

    brhmana - tonification or strengthening therapy

    buddhi - faculty of personal wisdom; resolve of the mind; the intellect;

    Buddhi - Mercury, son of Shiva; deity who rules Wednesday

    chai - Indian tea mixed with milk

    chakra - wheel; seven energy centers of consciousness in the body

    Charaka - ancient Ayurvedic scholar

    Charaka Samhita - Charaka's treatise on Ayurveda

    churna - powder

    collyrium - Ayurvedic salves for eyes

    darbha - type of grass used in Ayurvedic medicine

    deva (devata) - generic name for the gods in the Hindu scriptures

    devadatta - one of the five subsidiary airs

    Devanagari - means of communication between the gods; later, translated as

    Samskritam (Sanskrit); one of several scripts in which Sanskrit may be written

    dhanamjaya - one of five subsidiary airs

    dhani - audible or imperfect sound

    dhara chatti - see dhara patra

    dhara patra - treatment pot made from metal or clay used to drop oil on head

    dharane - to sustain

    dharma - right action according to the laws of nature

    dhatu - tissue element of the body

    dhmapana - introduction of medicated powders into the nasal passages via a straw or tube

    dhoma nasya - inhalation of medicated vapors

    dhoti - cloth to wrap the lower body

    dosha - literally, "that which can go out of balance"; bodily humor

    droni - traditional massage table made from woods such as sandalwood, bilva, khadira, and arjuna

    Gaja - Lord of herbivorous animals and keeper of earth's memory of plants  and herbs; the elephant that represents the fifth chakra

    gandhari - one of fourteen nadis; begins below the left eye and ends at the big toe of the left foot

    gandusa - retention of fluid in the mouth

    Ganesha - Ganapati; elephant-headed Lord, son of Shiva; one who blesses all beginnings and renders them auspicious; remover of obstacles

    garbha-pinda - fluid state of embryo; cosmic womb

    ghara - earthen pot

    go - cow; sacred scripture

    Gopala - protector of the scriptures and of cows; another name for Lord Krishna

    grisma - Sanskrit term for summer, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    guna - attribute or respect, as in the three gunas of Maya

    guru - quality of heaviness; spiritual teacher; Guru - Jupiter; deity who rules Thursday

    gurukula - traditional school for disseminating knowledge of Vedas

    hastajihva - one of fourteen nadis; begins below the right eye and ends at the big toe of the left foot

    hemanta - Sanskrit term for early winter, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    holaka sveda - sudation on a daubed surface of the earth

    ida - one of two main nadis; begins in the left genital and ends at the left nostril; breath which flows through the left nostril; lunar nadi

    indriyas - five senses

    Isvara - Vedic name for the omniscient Lord, when used in association with creation

    japa - repetition of mantras

    jentaka sveda - sudation in a specially designed sweat lodge

    jiva - individual soul

    jivana - invigoration; life

    kala- nutritional membrane for tissues; "body crystal"

    kalari- ancient form of martial arts originating in south India

    kala vasti - series of sixteen enemas

    kambalika - soup made with yoghurt, urad bean and sesame oil

    kapha - biological water humor

    karma - bondage to action; cause of rebirth

    karma vasti - series of thirty enemas

    karna purana - dripping fluids into the ears

    karshu sveda - sudation in an earth pit

    kavalagraha - holding liquid in the mouth for a comfortable period of time

    khada - spicy vegetable or herbal soup generally made with buttermilk

    kichadi - mixture of rice and mung bean

    kitta - waste

    kledaka - water of digestion; one of the five waters of Kapha

    krekara - one of the five subsidiary airs

    Krishna - Gopala, protector of the scriptures and teacher of self-knowledge in the Bhagavad Gita

    krushara- thick grain gruel

    kuhu - one of fourteen nadis; begins in the throat and ends in the genitals

    kumbhika sveda - sudation from a pitcher of warm decoction

    kundalini - primal energy of manifestation symbolized by a coiled serpent at the coccyx of the spine

    kupa sveda - sudation on a daubed surface of the earth

    kurma - one of the five subsidiary airs

    kuti sveda - sudation in a specially designed sweat lodge

    langhana - depletion or reducing therapy

    lassi - traditional Indian beverage made from yoghurt, milk, and fragrant herbs, generally taken after meals to aid digestion

    lepa - plastering body with medicated substances

    majja dhatu - bone marrow and nerve tissue

    makara - crocodile; symbol of sensual movement and trickery

    mala - garland; rosary of beads

    malas - bodily wastes

    mamsa dhatu - muscle tissue

    manas - mind

    manda - cooked rice at the bottom of the pot

    Mangala - Mars; deity who rules Tuesday

    manovaha - channels that carry mental energy

    mantha - thin gruel made from rice and ghee

    mantra - sacred sounds; group of sounds cosmically designed to stimulate certain physical and physic centers of body

    mardana - mild pressure massage

    marma - anatomical reflex points of the body; vital seats of pranic energy

    marsha nasya - introduction of medicated oils into the nasal passages

    masala - combination of spices ground together; spicy mixture

    masthiskya - medicinal paste applied to the head

    maya - cosmic, creative power; manifestation; relative reality

    medas - fat

    medas dhatu - fat tissue

    moksha - a "state" in which the potential material and vibrations for future rebirths on all planes of existence are completely resolved; liberation from the cycle of birth and death

    mutravaha srotas - urinary system

    nadi - subtle channel within the nervous system made of fine threads of fluid; refers to the gross form in terms of nerves, veins, and so on; pathways of breath; Ayurvedic name for pulse

    nadi sveda - steam application through a hose

    naga - one of the five subsidiary airs

    nasya - nasal insufflation

    navana nasya - insufflation of unctuous substances or powders to clear nasal passages

    niruha - oils generally used in Ayurvedic enema therapy

    odana- thick porridge

    ojas - perfected essence of dhatus when bodily system is in excellent order; glow of health

    paca kizhi sveda - sudation with green leaf poultice

    pachaka - one of the five fires of Pitta; fire of digestion in the stomach

    padabhyanga - Ayurvedic foot massage

    padaghata - anointing feet with oil

    pancha karma - five cleansing therapies of Ayurveda: emesis, enema (two forms), purgation, and nasal medications

    parisheka - fomentation with an affusion of Ayurvedic herbs

    Patanjali - founder-renovator of the classical Yoga system

    payasam - sweet fluid porridge

    payasvini - one of fourteen nadis; located in the right ear lobe and connecting with the cranial nerves

    peya - decoction made from rice and ghee

    phala - fruit

    phanita - sticky candy made from sugar cane juice

    pichu - process of placing an oil soaked cloth on the forehead

    pinda sveda - fomentation therapy with use of a poultice wrapped in a bolus

    pingala - one of two main nadis; begins in the right eye and ends in the right genital; solar power; breath of right nostril

    pitta - biological fire humor

    prabhava - specific action without regard to the general rule of the three stages of taste; exception to the rule; special action of herbs

    pradeha - non-absorbent plaster

    prakriti - first creation; individual constitution

    pralepa - thin, cold layer of plaster

    prana - life breath; first of the five airs of the body; vital force; air of the heart

    pranavaha - channels that carry prana; force of prana, or breath

    pranayama - yogic breathing exercises

    prasthara - fomentation on a bed of poultice

    prinana - joy infused from nature

    puja - religious ceremony

    purana - fullness

    purishavaha srotas - excretory system

    pusha - one of fourteen nadis; begins at the right ear and ends at the big toe of the left foot

    rajas (rajasic) - activity or aggressive force of creation; one of the three gunas rakta dhatu - blood tissue

    rakta moksha (mokshana) - therapeutic blood letting

    raktavaha srotas - circulatory system (hemoglobin portion)

    ranjaka - heat of the blood, operating in liver; one of the five fires of Pitta

    rasa - initial taste in the three stages of taste; literally, "external beauty," or "maturity"

    rasa dhatu - plasma tissue

    rasayana - rejuvenation therapy

    Rawal - religious head of the Hindus

    rtusandhi - junction between two seasons or two phases within a season

    rukshana - dehydration therapy

    rupa - form

    sadhaka - the third fire found in the heart, central to the activity of Pitta; also the one who performs sadhana (the wholesome activities which bring us into harmony with nature)

    sadhana - wholesome activity practiced with presence of mind in harmony with nature; helps to revive and awaken cognitive memory

    sadhu - simple person

    sahasrara - literally, "a thousand petals"; seventh chakra; spatially boundless dwelling

    saindhava (sendha namak) - Ayurvedic rock salt

    sama - three doshas in a state of sameness

    samadhi - silent breath

    samana - air of the stomach; one of the five airs of Vata

    samhita - text

    samskaras - karmic impressions from past lives carried in the subtle body

    samvahana - shampooing the body with a warm decoction

    sankara sveda - generic name for fomentation therapy where poultice is used

    sarada - Sanskrit term for autumn, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    Saraswati - goddess of knowledge; one of fourteen nadis; begins at the base of the tongue and ends in the vocal chords; sonority of vocal prowess

    sattva (sattvic) - central aspect of the three gunas; cosmic force of balance and contentment

    shakti - cosmic feminine force; power, energy, power of consciousness

    shamana - therapy which nurtures and adds strength to the body; palliative measure

    Shani - Saturn; deity who rules Saturday

    shankhini - one of fourteen nadis, begins in the throat and ends on the left side of the anus

    shikha - crest of the head

    shiro abhyanga (shirobhyanga) - anointing the head with oil; head massage

    shirodhara - dripping medicated decoction on the forehead

    shiro tarpana - application of oil to the head

    shirovasti - applying oil to the shaven head

    Shiva - pure being or pure consciousness

    shodhana - therapy which consists of elimination procedures; purification measure

    shukra - collective refined essence belonging to shukra dhatu; refined emotion of love; semen, reproductive fluid; the ovum of the female; 

    Shukra - Sanskrit name for Venus; deity who rules Friday; giver of happiness or fame

    shukra dhatu - sperm

    shukravaha srotas - male reproductive system or channels

    sisira - Sanskrit term for late winter, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    sirovirechana - snuff inhalation therapy

    slesaka - water of the joints; one of the five waters of Kapha

    sleshma - another name for Kapha or phlegm

    sneha - extravagant love; lubrication; name of the enema treatment in which only half cup of oil is used

    snehana - external oelation of the body; lubrication therapy

    snehapana - internal lubrication of the body

    snehika dhoomapana - herbs mixed with oil or fat for therapeutic smoking

    soma - potent nectar taken by the devas to give eternal strength; pleasure principle at work behind mind and senses

    srotas - channels, as in the thirteen channels of circulation

    sthambana - retention therapy

    suksma - subtle

    Surya - Sun; deity who rules Sunday

    Sushruta - ancient Ayurvedic scholar

    sushumna - central and main nadi, within spinal column, which accommodates all nadis

    svedana - sudation or fomentation of body; sweat inducing therapy

    swami - renunciate; one who knows Brahman and the Self to be One

    taila - oil

    Taittiriya - literally, "three birds"; one of the Upanishads which deals with Self-knowledge

    takra dhara - medicated buttermilk

    tamas (tamasic) - inert aspect of creation; one of the three gunas

    tanmatra (tanmatric) - quantum energy aspect of the subtle elements that pervade both subtle and gross bodies

    tarpaka - water of the sense organs; one of the five waters of Kapha

    tarpana - thick gruel of rice, bean, black pepper and ghee

    tejas - cool, refined universal fire; subtle, fire of the mind

    tikta ghrita - pure ghee combined with bitter herbs

    tridosha - three doshas in a state of balance

    ubtan - fresh ground legume or grain flour traditionally used to cleanse the skin

    udana - air of the throat; one of the five airs of Vata

    udvartana - oil or dry massage for Kapha disorder

    upadhatu - secondary tissue of the body

    upanaha sveda - generic name for fomentation therapy where poultice is used

    Upanishad - ancient Vedantic scripture of India

    utkarita - pudding made from milk, yoghurt or cream

    uttara vasti - douching enema

    Vagbhatta - ancient Ayurvedic scholar

    vairechanika dhoomapana - therapeutic smoking of dried herbs

    vajikarana - aphrodisiac; virilization therapy

    vamana - therapeutic vomiting; emesis therapy

    varna - pure vibration; unmanifest sound

    varsa - Sanskrit term for rainy season, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    varuni - one of fourteen nadis, which originates between the throat and left ear and ends at the anus

    vasanta - Sanskrit term for spring, one of the six seasons in Ayurveda

    vasti - Ayurvedic enema therapy

    vasti netra - hose used in enema therapy

    vasti putaka - enema bag

    vata - biological air humor

    vayu - air or wind; another name for Vata

    veda - knowledge

    Vedanta - culmination of Vedas in the philosophy of knowledge of the Self

    Vedas - ancient books of knowledge presenting the spiritual science of awareness; first knowledge on earth

    Vedic - belonging to the Vedas

    vicarana sneha - medicated ghee

    vilepika - mixture of four parts water and one part rice

    vipaka - post-digestive effect of herbs

    virechana - purgation therapy; one of five cleaning actions used in pancha karma

    virya - energetic effect of herbs as heating or cooling

    vishvabhesaja - healing secret of the universe; universal medicine

    vishvodara - one of fourteen nadis; exists in the umbilicus and energizes bodily prana

    vyana - air of circulation; one of the five airs of Vata

    vyayama - natural forms of exercise

    Yama - Lord of death

    Yama damstra - period of time between November 22 and December 9 when the earth begins its northward rotation around the sun

    yashasvini - one of fourteen nadir; companion nadi to pingala which runs

    from the left ear to the big toe of the right foot

    yavagu - mixture of six parts water and one part barley yoga - psycho-physical practices aimed at Self-knowledge

    yogavaha - that which enhances the effect of what it enjoins

    yoga vasti - series of eight enemas

    yogin (yogi) - one whose life is devoted to the practice of sadhanas to attain union with God

    yusha - bean soup

    You may also want to read more about Ayurveda and Holistic Healing here.